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State Capitalism and Globalization

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State Capitalism and Globalization

1. Although state-owned enterprises (SOEs) are diminishing, they still comprise one third of China’s and Russia’s Gross Domestic Product (Wooldridge, 2012). According to The Economist, China, alone, has 121 SOEs over which the government has direct control (2011). When bank loans are granted, the favored SOEs are the recipients and government controls the reins by retaining a controlling stake of shares. Likewise, SOEs are given preferential interest rates and allowed access to land at prices that are below market value (The Economist, 2011).
Government intervention affects the prospects for economic and business development in a negative way by encouraging inefficiency and biased decision-making that may not be in the long-run interests of the company. In China, favoritism is rampantly on display and the government picks the winner and losers (The Economist, 2011). Furthermore, while many free trade economies – like the United States – often encourage foreign investment, China only appears to do so. SOEs are often given preferential treatment while foreign investors are subject to over-regulation (The Economist, 2011).
2. The globalization of markets and of production has lowered the barriers to business development. These barriers stood in economic, political, and social sectors of the world market. This rise in free trade and has led to an increase in the private sector, but this is miniscule compared to the control and power of State Owned Enterprises (SOEs). For example, a little over twenty-five percent of the one-hundred largest companies in the emerging world are SOEs. The state owned sector has been challenged and forced to retreat by the rise in the private sector due to globalization, but collectively they still dominate the market capitalization of China’s and Russia’s stock markets. Even though over the last two…...

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