Sustainable Cities

In: Business and Management

Submitted By rejith
Words 6522
Pages 27
Sustainable Cities – A Focus on Gurgaon
By

Annet Serena Eric, Jyothish Jacob, Rahul Buddala, Rejith Ravindran, Robin Rajan Great Lakes Institute of Management, Gurgaon

TABLE OF CONTENTS A BRIEF HISTORY OF GURGAON ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND HVAC WATER – FOR SUSTAINABLE FUTURE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ENERGY EFFICIENT TRANSPORT REFERENCES 2 3 12 18 24 27

1

GURGAON

– A BRIEF HISTORY

The name of this town emerged on the world map in 1972, when world fame Maruti Industry was set up in Gurgaon with the collaboration of Suzuki Company of Japan. Now with the coming up of multinational companies like Hero Honda Motor, Honda Motors Limited, Denso etc. in automobile sector and Microsoft, I.B.M. Nokia, Canon, DuPont, Sapient, British Airways, American Express, ABN Amro Bank, Alcatel, Nestle, Convergys, Hewitt, Vertex, Fidlity Investment, E.Vallue, Keine World India, Becton Dickinson India Private Limited in software development sector. With the result, the biggest cyber city of India spreading in an area of about 90 acres in addition to numerous cyber parks are being developed in Gurgaon itself within a radius of 15 kilometres from the International airport in private sector to accommodate the needs of software development units of multinational companies. The availability of high level infrastructure of Airways, Railways, Highways, world famed medical and educational institutions in its close proximity at National Capital of Delhi have become the main factors of attraction for international companies for setting up their business at Gurgaon. All this has put a tremendous pressure on the civic infrastructure of the city and has in many ways degraded the quiet and peaceful standard of living. In this document we try to analyse some of these aspects and try to suggest ways to reverse the trend and march towards a sustainable Gurgaon.

2

ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND HV…...

Similar Documents

Is Singapore a Sustainable City?

...Is Singapore a sustainable World City? SUSTAINABLE CITY - is a city designed with consideration of environmental impact, inhabited by people dedicated to minimization of required inputs of energy, water and food, and waste output of heat, air pollution - CO2, methane, and water pollution. It should meet the needs of the present without sacrificing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) is Singapore’s land use planning and conservation authority with the mission to make Singapore a great city to live, work and play, striving to create a vibrant and sustainable city of distinction by planning and facilitating Singapore’s physical development in partnership with the community. - Singapore’s remarkable transformation from an overcrowded country suffering from a lack of housing, land limitations and poor infrastructure to an environmentally sustainable international business hub is a result of proactive and farsighted planning by URA. - During the 1960s and 1970s, extensive urban renewal projects were undertaken to address the problems of a new nation—overcrowding, inadequate infrastructure, and lack of proper housing. The critical tasks for the government then were to clear out the slums, provide public housing, and encourage economic growth by creating space for industries, and then to create a vision for our city’s urban landscape that would help Singapore in the long-term - The challenge is to keep pace with the......

Words: 4494 - Pages: 18

Economicentrepreneurship for Sustainable Economicentrepreneurship for Sustainable Economicentrepreneurship for Sustainable Economicentrepreneurship for Sustainable Economicentrepreneurship for Sustainable

...Journal of Sustainable Development Studies ISSN 2201-4268 Volume 2 (2013), Number 2, 197-215 Entrepreneurship for Sustainable Economic Growth in Nigeria Oyelola, O. T. Centre for Entrepreneurship Development, Yaba College of Technology, P.M.B 2011, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria Ajiboshin, I. O. Centre for Entrepreneurship Development, Yaba College of Technology, P.M.B 2011, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria Raimi, L. (Corresponding author) Centre for Entrepreneurship Development, Yaba College of Technology, P.M.B 2011, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria Raheem, S. Centre for Entrepreneurship Development, Yaba College of Technology, P.M.B 2011, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria Igwe, .C. N. Centre for Entrepreneurship Development, Yaba College of Technology, P.M.B 2011, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria Abstract. This paper underscores the importance of entrepreneurship as a realistic mechanism for sustainable economic growth in Nigeria considering the experiences of developed nations like the United States and vibrant economies like China and India. The paper discusses that entrepreneurship has been instrumental in economic growth, balanced regional development and job creation in most dynamic economies, where technology is changing at a faster rate and the product lifetime cycle is shrinking. The methodology adopted in this paper is the narrative-textual case study (NTCS); it is a social science research method that relies on the information and data from several sources for problem-solving or problem-identification. The paper...

Words: 5540 - Pages: 23

Sustainable Tourism

...impact to the Tourism Industry as perceived by the resident of Tagaytay City” aimed to determine the acceptability of Casino Filipino and its impacts to tourism industry as perceived by the residents of Tagaytay City. They find out the cultural, economic, and social impacts of Casino Filipino to the tourism industry as perceived by the residents of Tagaytay City. They used the descriptive form of method research to gather the needed information. They asked 150 residents of Tagaytay City. Questionnaire was used as the main tool in gathering needed information. In cultural impacts, the highest mean of score they got is in the preservation and restoration of heritage site, next is the acceptance of tourist values, revival of traditional arts and crafts. In economic impacts, the highest mean of score they got is in the better employment opportunities, next is the improved community infrastructure, and improvement of small businessess. Last is the social impacts, the residents respond by giving highest score in increasing public service, benefits to the residents, improved the communication skills is also considered. All of the three impacts as we can see is respectively agreed by the respondent. Coccossis (1996) asserts that sustainable tourism can be taken in four different interpretations that include” economic sustainability of tourism”, the “ecologically Sustainable tourism”,” sustainable tourism development” with both focus of environment as well as......

Words: 491 - Pages: 2

What Cities Are Doing to Making an Investment in Sustainable Initiatives and Why?

...What cities are doing to making an investment in sustainable initiatives and why? Climate change issue became very serious challenge for the whole worlds, including growing populations, greater demands for services, strained infrastructure systems, and tighter budgets and resources. Along with big and small companies from different industries, local leader started to take actions to address these issues with innovative investments in sustainable infrastructure projects. Starting from cities in Asia, like Hong Kong finishing with San Francisco, USA, government leaders working on creating “eco-city” Sustainable city is a city designed with consideration of environmental impact, inhabited by people dedicated to minimization of required inputs of energy, different kind of pollutions and waste. Cities are the future; it estimated that over 50% of the world population now lives in urban areas and by 2050 7 out of 10 people will be living in urban areas. Under pressure of public and community interest, commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emission, and emergency preparedness and resiliency, different government began developing idea of “eco- city”. Therefore urban sustainability has several advantages such us: * Energy cost savings and other financial benefits * Reducing of pollution and climate impacts * Local job creation * Greater efficiency * Better health and better quality of life Way of becoming a sustainable city is very challenging but also it......

Words: 492 - Pages: 2

Sustainable Tourism

...Sustainable tourism is an industry committed to making a low impact on the environment and local culture, while helping to generate future employment for local people. The aim of sustainable tourism is to ensure that development brings a positive experience for the local people, tourism companies and the tourists themselves. But sustainable tourism is not the same as ecotourism. Department of Economic and Social Affairs Commission on Sustainable Development Seventh Session 19-30 April 1999, New York TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE TOURISM: A LOCAL AUTHORITY PERSPECTIVE Background Paper # 3 Prepared by the International Council on Local Environmental Initiatives 2 Sustainable Tourism: A Local Authority Perspective prepared by the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) A. Introduction 1. A primary challenge of local governance, both today and in decades ahead, is to steer increasingly external, global forces on local development so that development achieves the shared vision of the local population. In cities, towns and villages throughout the world, the primary responsibility for this steering process rests with the institution of local government and its diverse local authorities. 2. As providers of social services, builders of economic infrastructure, regulators of economic activity, and managers of the natural environment, local authorities have many direct instruments at their disposal to influence......

Words: 4990 - Pages: 20

City

...World War II, the land became valuable to developers who wanted to build homes. To meet this pressure, the City of Dairy Valley was incorporated in 1956. Dairy Valley later became the city of Cerritos. The demand for land became so great that the dairymen sold their dairies and moved their operations to the east in Chino and to Central California.”("The official artesia," ) “The Artesia Water Tower, the familiar inactive water storage tank located on Clarkdale Avenue just south of 183rd Street, has been a familiar site for citizens of Artesia for many years. However, little is known of its active past or when it was actually constructed. In an attempt to declare the Tower a Historical Landmark the City is asking citizens who may have information to share about its past, or have dated pictures of the tower to come forward. The Tower, which can store up to 50,000 gallons of water, was once owned by the Southern California Water Company, and was sold to the City of Artesia as an inactive water storage facility in 1988. The tower was purchased by the City to be used only as a point of historical interest, and to provide a special identity to the community. When the City of Artesia purchased the tower, the then green tower was quickly painted to its current color with the addition of the name Artesia painted on two sides.” ("The official artesia," ) “Every two months the City of Artesia publishes a community newsletter called the  Artesian. In each issue page 4 is reserved......

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

Smart Sustainable Taxi Service in Jb City

... 1.1 Need for service There is a pressing need for reliable public transportation in the JB city area. Bus service is not a viable option for many people due to the limited scope of operation of bus service in the certain area. The buses operation does not run very long during the day and they are very restricted as to routes and times during the weekend and off-peak times. As a result, public transportation is always needed for those whom the bus cannot serve. 1.2 Demographics The amount of taxi business in the JB city area is strong and growing. The population in the greater metropolitan area exceeds 500,000 people and the community is dynamic and getting more vibrant with each passing day. The entire area has a low unemployment rate, a diversified economy, and wonderful year round events which attract tourist and people to the region. 1.3 Economic Factors Not only is there a strong and growing industrial base in the region, the city has been quietly developing the downtown area for quite some time. New projects are being planned and built daily and the entire downtown property is expanding at a very fist rate. In the last ten years, there has been an explosion of new venues which have attracted people to the downtown area. The city has recently seen the implementation of several tourist attractions, expanded shopping complex, hotel construction and etc. Johor Bahru is a city of opportunity and that expansion and growth fuels the need for more reliable......

Words: 532 - Pages: 3

Sustainable Development

...Sustainable development (SD) is a pattern of economic growth in which resource use aims to meet human needs while preserving theenvironment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but also for generations to come (sometimes taught as ELF-Environment, Local people, Future[citation needed]). The term 'sustainable development' was used by the Brundtland Commission which coined what has become the most often-quoted definition of sustainable development as development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."[1][2] Alternatively, sustainability educator Michael Thomas Needham referred to 'Sustainable Development' "as the ability to meet the needs of the present while contributing to the future generations’ needs."[3] There is an additional focus on the present generations responsibility to improve the future generations life by restoring the previous ecosystem damage and resisting to contribute to further ecosystem damage. Sustainable development ties together concern for the carrying capacity of natural systems with the social challenges faced by humanity. As early as the 1970s, "sustainability" was employed to describe an economy "in equilibrium with basic ecological support systems."[4]Ecologists have pointed to The Limits to Growth,[5] and presented the alternative of a "steady state economy"[6] in order to address environmental concerns. The concept of sustainable development is......

Words: 10207 - Pages: 41

Sustainable Development

...Sustainable development is appearing with increasing frequency in trade union discussions around the world, as concern mounts over the deteriorating state of our natural and man-made environment. Such threats as global climate change have caught the attention of trade union members, especially with publicity given to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2001),1 the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP, 2000), the Worldwatch Institute (2001) and other high-profile reports. Trade unionists in unprecedented numbers are joining the search for solutions that go beyond environmental issues to embrace such related social and economic conditions as poverty, dysfunctional subsidies, unfair trade and price structures, corruption and unemployment, all of which reflect longstanding trade union concerns. It is significant that concern over sustainable development should be occurring just as the world’s trade unions are coming to grips with the notion of globalization. For although the nature of this phenomenon has yet to be adequately analysed and clarified, it has taken on its own meaning in trade union discussions and policy papers. What is significant for this paper, however, is the extent to which the trade union perspective on sustainable development incorporates its concerns about globalization. Trade union discussions about sustainable development invariably turn to current social and economic developments, and their implications for workers. Throughout......

Words: 9518 - Pages: 39

Sustainable Operations

...Sustainable Business Operation in the Philippines Alsons Consolidated Resources, Inc. In partial fulfilment of the course requirements in Management Accounting By: Ma. Isabel Lagunilla Hocson sab.lagu@gmail.com Submitted to : Dr. Marivic Manalo December 13, 2013 Sustainable Business Operation in the Philippines 2 I. Introduction Just last month, the country experienced the strongest typhoon to hit the Earth. No amount of preparation is enough to survive such wrath from Mother Nature. Before Yolanda hit the Philippines, a lot of typhoons passed the country. These typhoons left behind destructed homes and dead people as a result severe flooding brought about by non-segregation and throwing of trash anywhere. Illegal logging also contributed to flash floods. All these are reasons why we should start being concerned not only for the businesses we are part of but also its neighbouring communities. Sustainability should be the one goal of all businesses. It is a prerequisite for economic growth and poverty reduction in Asia and the Pacific. The market has shown an increase of concern for sustainability and its impact to the environment and because of this, companies have created new processes economically, socially and more importantly environmentally. This study aims to look at the optimism of Philippine businesses on the adaptation of cleaner operations for sustainable development. A lot of environmental laws has been passed the last few years both from......

Words: 2717 - Pages: 11

Cities

...For the past 10 years, the idea of sustainable practices has been governing the corporate business world. Companies have acknowledged the need for change and one-by-one they have started investing into the idea of sustainable practices within their respective sectors. Christopher Mcknett, who is one of the faces behind investment logic for sustainability, has put it very well for corporations. Corporations will have to become self-sustained as much as possible in order to attract the new generation of investments. What about consumers and individuals? We, as the society, must be educated on the future that awaits us and on ways of improving the outcomes to leave a better world for the new generations to come. As provided under the article, the U.S. will grow by 36% by 2050. The developing countries, the largest contributors to global warming, will also grow at a similar rate, leaving us to expect a world population of 9 Billion people by 2044. That is a 50% increase in population from 6 to 9 Billion in 45 years . This means the demand for food, water and shelter will increase by the same margin. Is the worlds infrastructure ready to accommodate the newcomers? How can we cope with this issue? In this essay, I will be talking about the distance between food and individuals and how reducing that distance may help us in terms of sustaining a better a future. According to Center for Urban Education about Sustainable Agriculture (CUESA), it is estimated that the average......

Words: 874 - Pages: 4

Sustainable Entrpreneurship

...Social and Sustainable Entrepreneurship Topic: - Establishing shared value in Education sector by targeting the Bottom of pyramid in Andhra Pradesh.  Problem and Vision Statement: - To provide affordable and reliable coaching for the BOP students at their local village. The current scenario is like the coaching institutes are based only in cities and the price range is too high for students especially from villages to use this product and service offered by many education firms.  Introduction: - The main theme of the paper is about analyzing and finding out the feasibility about the sustainable and social entrepreneurship in the education sector targeting specifically to the BOP segment in India. This research is about finding an answer to the following key questions: 1. How big is the market? 2. Can the idea be implemented in a profitable way? 3. Is the idea sustainable and social? The paper kicks off with the introduction to the BOP segment in India and the current situation of the education sector in the targeted market segment and about my start up. Then the analysis using the theories of value proposition canvas, Business model canvas, ten types of innovation and sustainable and social entrepreneurship is explained in detail. I explain more about the exact approach that our model will be using in many different aspects of my analysis and with a projection sheet for the pilot program. Finally, the conclusion as to how far have come to answer the......

Words: 3048 - Pages: 13

Sustainable Cities

...Sustainable Cities Introduction: A sustainable city is the one, which takes care of its current citizens and also the future ones. Sustainability itself means creating an environment socially and infrastructurally viable and without harming what our future generation receives from us. As is rightly said, we have not inherited this earth from our forefathers we have borrowed it from our future generation. And thereby the future belongs to those who create an environment that is worth living today and tomorrow. To put that into perspective we have tried to put together some ideas and thoughts that could help current cities to move towards sustainability and some to create those. We have divided the city into various sections as under:- Energy: Hybrid energy system in the city:-  * Energy-plus-houses (houses with solar panels to produce energy) produce more green energy than they need. Integrated community energy solutions linking houses, wind- and solar parks, biomass sites and electric vehicles are the foremost initiative towards an integrated urban energy system of the future. E.g.: Vauban, Freiburg has built houses which produce more energy than they actually consume. The aim is to making a city in which all the homes produce a positive energy balance and which is emissions-free and CO2 neutral. PlusEnergy is a coined concept developed by Rolf Disch. * Solar canals (where solar panels are placed over canal water bodies) produce energy while slowing...

Words: 1420 - Pages: 6

Cities

...complex ones in cities. However, cities are where the action is. Therefore, new subfield of anthropology emerged, urban anthropology, emphasizing issues of the cities in undeveloped and industrialized countries. This might be due to the reason that anthropology aspires to study universals and wider perspective of human condition. And also cities represent a ‘gateway; to fieldwork which mainly takes place in towns, peasants villages, rural areas etc. Gateway, not just in a physical sense of airports, train & bus stations, but also in sense of communication, expertise (universities, academics etc.), government etc. Although, to interpret issues of cities, the slums, & shanty towns can be done only in terms of forces which lead people to migrate from the countryside. 1. There are a lot of questions studied by both anthropologists and sociologists related to comparative studies of cities and understanding human ways. These phenomena are those of comparison of urban experience in underdeveloped countries. For instance, issues like kinship ties and stresses of urban life and its effects of crowding on aggression and frustration. Thus Anderson argues, on this topic, that due to cultural ways of dealing with crowding the pathological effects on urban Chinese living in Hong Kong are minimized. More importantly, Gideon Sjoberg, created so-called idealized model of the preindustrial cities, in other words, cities of antiquity. One can say that ancient’s city was of......

Words: 832 - Pages: 4

Cities

...Student number: 999929323 Course code: GGR 207 Instructor: Dr. Jason Cooke September 29th 2014 Topic: What is a City? There are various ways to define a city either it be from a historical, contemporary, administrative or economic viewpoint. For the purpose of this analysis, a city is defined as a large permanent settlement, which is usually dense and highly populated relative to rural villages and towns, and they are made up of heterogeneous people. As recently as a hundred years ago, only 2 in 10 people lived in cities, but now we have 54% of the world population living in cities or urban areas. The history of cities date back to the time hunter-gatherers roamed the earth. After a few years, this led to semi permanent settlements, and with the invention of irrigation, this led to specialization of other areas and the development of cities as settlements became permanent. As more jobs and opportunities became available in cities, people from the villages moved to the cities, and this accounts for the dense characteristic of most cities. The first cities are thought to have started around 3500BC in lower Mesopotamia after the Neolithic revolution or the agricultural revolution, as agriculture is believed to be a pre requisite for city development. Urbanism can be described as the way cities grow or develop. There are various characteristics of a city; some include population size and density, social stratification, economic production and consumption, diversity......

Words: 555 - Pages: 3

Wall Street * KULT * Michael Douglas * Charlie Sheen * Martin Sheen * TOP HIT | Detektiv Conan | Eerst afgelopen