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“Sustainable Development—World Economies Need to Wake Up”

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“Sustainable Development—World economies need to wake up”

World reached the mark of seven billion people. It forgets its weight over its head. Earth with menial resources, sustaining the life of human being. Man on the other hand forgetting these menial resources over using it leaving future generations in risk. The consciousness of conserving the environment had its root from Earth summit, Rio de janerio Brazil (3 June to 14 June 1992).This session opened great debate in all the participated nations. Within Very short span in every country a buzz word entered in the society. The word is sustainable ideologies/development ideas. Sustainable development in simple terms can be called a development strategy where present generation needs are fulfilled by not compromising for future generations. Sustainable development ties together concern for the carrying capacity of natural systems with the social challenges facing humanity. Ecologists have pointed to The Limits to Growth, and presented the alternative of a "steady state economy" in order to address environmental concerns. Every International conference talks more about sustainable development but does very less in action.
Present Scenario of Climate change.
Both Geo thermal Institutes of the world One in (Nalgonda ) India and other in U.S.A have confirmed the global temperature has raised to 1*C. The International Energy Agency (IEA)’s data is regarded as gold standard in emissions and energy. This agency says last resort to save climate change is to maintain Earth’s temperature below 2 degree Celsius “The door is closing,” said Fatih Birol, chief economist at the International Energy Agency (IEA). “I am very worried — if we don't change direction now on how we use energy, we will end up beyond what scientists tell us is the minimum [for safety]. The door will be closed forever.” Every month now counts: if the world is to stay below 2°C of warming, which scientists regard as the limit of safety, then emissions must be held to no more than 450 parts per million (ppm) of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere; the level is currently around 390ppm. But the world's existing infrastructure is already producing 80 per cent of that “carbon budget”, according to a new analysis by the IEA, published on Wednesday. This gives an ever-narrowing gap in which to reform the global economy on to a low-carbon footing. If current trends continue, and we go on building high-carbon energy generation, then by 2015 at least 90 per cent of the available “carbon budget” will be swallowed up by our energy and industrial infrastructure. By 2017, there will be no room for manoeuvre at all — the whole of the “carbon budget” will be spoken for, according to the IEA's calculations.
World population reached seven billion with more than one billion hungry people. Farmer should be heart of agenda as agriculture is backbone of world’s 50 least developed countries with GDP of 30% to 60%. 70% of work force is also from agriculture in these nations. The rural poor across the world, including India, have contributed little to human-induced climate change, yet they are on the front line in coping with its effects. Farmers can no longer rely on historical averages for rainfall and temperature, and the more frequent and extreme weather events, such as droughts and floods, can spell disaster. And there are new threats, such as sea level rise and the impact of melting glaciers on water supply.
Small farms also add up to big business: In the world's 50 least developed countries, agriculture is the backbone of the economy, accounting for 30 to 60 per cent of Gross Domestic Product and employing as much as 70 per cent or more of the workforce. Addressing the plight of smallholders isn't just a matter of equity, it's a necessity if we are going to be able to feed ourselves in the future. Smallholders farm 80 per cent of the total farmland in sub-Saharan Africa and parts of Asia. If we don't help them to adapt to climate change, their achievements — feeding a large portion of humanity — will be endangered.

Present state of economies of the world The IEA in its recent report says that governments around the world are preparing to postpone yet again a speedy conclusion to the negotiations. The big economies growth strategies are no way in with emission control setup.Originally, the aim was to agree a successor to the 1997 Kyoto protocol, the only binding international agreement on emissions, after its current provisions expire in 2012. But after years of setbacks, an increasing number of countries — including the U.K., Japan and Russia — now favour postponing the talks for several years. Both Russia and Japan have spoken in recent weeks of aiming for an agreement in 2018 or 2020, and the U.K. has supported this move. Greg Barker, the U.K.'s Climate Change Minister, told a meeting: “We need China, the U.S. especially, the rest of the Basic countries [Brazil, South Africa, India and China] to agree. If we can get this by 2015 we could have an agreement ready to click in by 2020.”
Birol said this would clearly be too late. Nor is this a problem of the developing world, as some commentators have sought to frame it. In the U.K., Europe and the U.S., there are multiple plans for new fossil-fuelled power stations that would contribute significantly to global emissions over the coming decades.
World is moving towards serious threat to agricultural growth. Food security has been a serious growing problem.Worst climatic changes impacting the Agricultural produce time and again. Inorganic inputs used in agriculture showing worst effects on land making it barren. Green Revolution effected areas are glaring examples. There is a great link between sustainable agriculture and climate change.
Way out
Birol's warning comes at a crucial moment in international negotiations on climate change, as governments gear up for the next fortnight of talks in Durban, South Africa, from late November. “If we do not have an international agreement, whose effect is put in place by 2017, then the door to [holding temperatures to 2°C of warming] will be closed forever,” said Birol.
The IEA said: “There are few signs that the urgently needed change in direction in global energy trends is under way. Although the recovery in the world economy since 2009 has been uneven, and future economic prospects remain uncertain, global primary energy demand rebounded by a remarkable five per cent in 2010, pushing CO{-2} emissions to a new high. Subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption of fossil fuels jumped to over $400bn.” Meanwhile, an “unacceptably high” number of people — about 1.3bn — still lack access to electricity. If people are to be lifted out of poverty, this must be solved — but providing people with renewable forms of energy generation is still expensive. To continue Farming in a sustainable way in the face of climate change small farm holders, rural women, and men need to be given enough expertise resource to cope up challenges.The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the M.S. Swaminathan Foundation, together with the government of India and other partners, has undertaken a range of projects to do just that.
To continue farming in a sustainable way in the face of climate change, rural women and men need to be given the resources to cope with the challenges. Smallholder farmers need support such as resilience-building technologies (including drought- and salt-tolerant seed varieties and new methods of rainwater harvesting), and training in sustainable practices of conservation agriculture, such as minimum-till farming to reduce erosion and moisture loss. Investing in adaptation measures now will be far less costly than in the future * For example, in Tamil Nadu, we have been supporting rural communities to produce and market nutri-cereals like millet, which can easily grow in dry and arid environments,a programme in Chhattisgarh has expanded cultivation of traditionally produced Niger seed oil, which grows well in areas that receive little rain. Land and forest regeneration were promoted to improve soil structure and moisture levels, and solar energy technology and biogas digesters have been introduced, which reduce greenhouse gas emissions as well as the need for fuelwood. Another project in the northeast has helped restore degraded jhumland and has benefited almost 40,000 households in 860 villages.
Conferences and talks among world leaders can do many things but they don't feed people. World leaders should underline the need for enhancing the productivity and profitability of small holder agriculture in an environmentally sustainable manner. Price volatility and the persistence of widespread, endemic and hidden hunger underline the need for urgent attention to enhancing the productivity and profitability of smallholder agriculture in an environmentally sustainable manner. This is the pathway to increasing agriculture's contribution to climate change mitigation as well as to sustainable food security.
Agriculture can be important wheel for sustainable development in a holistic manner…...

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