Premium Essay


In: English and Literature

Submitted By thilinarandika
Words 787
Pages 4
Simple Tense
Verb tense tells you when the action happens. There are three main verb tenses: present, past, and future. Each main tense is divided into simple, progressive, perfect, and perfect progressive tenses.

| Simple | Progressive | Perfect | Perfect Progressive | Present | finish | am/is/are finishing | have/has finished | have/has been finishing | Past | finished | was/were finishing | had finished | had been finishing | Future | will finish | will be finishing | will have finished | will have been finishing |

a. Present tense is the original verb form. b. Past tense has a few patterns. c. Future tense needs will (shall) + verb.

run * I run a marathon twice a year. (present) * I ran a marathon last year. (past) * I will run a marathon next year. (future) eat * I eat lunch in my office. * I ate lunch an hour ago. * I will eat lunch in one hour. see * I see a movie once a week. * I saw a movie yesterday. * I will see a movie tomorrow. know * I know it. * I knew it the day before yesterday. * I will know it by tomorrow. learn * I learn English. * I learned English the last two years. * I will learn English next year. cook * I cook my supper every night. * I cooked our dinner already. * I will cook breakfast tomorrow.
Progressive and Perfect Tense
Progressive Tense
The progressive tense involves action that is, was, or will be in progress at a certain time. In the progressive tense, verbs are formed with a "be" verb + ing.


* I am running a marathon right now. (present progressive) * I was running a marathon at this time last year. (past progressive) * I will be running a marathon next Sunday. (future progressive) eat * I am eating lunch now. * I was eating lunch when you saw me. * I will be eating lunch…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Lesson Plan Training (Present Continuous Tense)`

...Continuous Tense Lesson Aims: - to highlight some of the uses of Present Continuous. - to contrast Present Simple and Present Continuous. - to give students practice in using Present Continuous Tense. - to develop Ss' speaking competences. Skills involved: listening, speaking, reading, writing. Aids: blackboard, textbook, work-sheet, images, video sequences. Warm-up General competence: to interact in spoken communication (complete date, recall the activities done the day before in Present Tense: On Thursdays I wake up at 7 o clock, then I have breakfast. At 7:30 I go to my job. I work there from 8 to 4 p.m., etc.) Specific competence: to correct mistakes. Method: dialogue with the teacher who is going to lead the conversation making them answer at what time they wake up, at what time they go to work, what they do after work, etc… Procedure: Teacher (T) checks homework first. Students (Ss) read their homework and correct it if necessary. Interaction: T-Ss; Ss-T. Class management: whole class activity Timing: 5'-10' • Orientation Towards the Objective of the class: In today’s class you are going to begin working with a new tense, which is very important due to it expresses, most of the times, the actions that are taking place at this moment. These actions began some time ago and are still happening. This tense is called: Present Continuous (Present Progressive). • Explain by means of a timeline the position in time of Present Continuous......

Words: 845 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Present Tense

...WE USE THE PRESENT TENSE: 1. For repeated or regular actions in the present time period. ▪ I take the train to the office. ▪ The train to Berlin leaves every hour. ▪ John sleeps eight hours every night during the week. 2. For facts. ▪ The President of The USA lives in The White House. ▪ A dog has four legs. ▪ We come from Switzerland. 3. For habits. ▪ I get up early every day. ▪ Carol brushes her teeth twice a day. ▪ They travel to their country house every weekend. 4. For things that are always / generally true. ▪ It rains a lot in winter. ▪ The Queen of England lives in Buckingham Palace. ▪ They speak English at work. SubjectVerbThe Rest of the sentenceI / you / we / they speak / learn English at home he / she / it speaks / learns English at home The spelling for the verb in the third person differs depending on the ending of that verb: 1. For verbs that end in -O, -CH, -SH, -SS, -X, or -Z we add -ES in the third person. ▪ go – goes ▪ catch – catches ▪ wash – washes ▪ kiss – kisses ▪ fix – fixes ▪ buzz – buzzes 2. For verbs that end in a consonant + Y, we remove the Y and add -IES. ▪ marry – marries ▪ study – studies ▪ carry – carries ▪ worry – worries NOTE: For verbs that end in a vowel + Y, we just add -S. ▪ play – plays ▪ enjoy – enjoys ▪ say – says I / you / we / they speak /learn English at home he / she / it speaks / learns English at...

Words: 258 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Future Tense

...FUTURE TENSE 1) SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE: Meaning: It indicates an action or event which is to be take place in future. Here formula for future tense is as follows: SUBJECT+HELPING VERB+VERB1+OBJECT Here helping verbs are ‘SHALL’ followed with ‘I’ or ‘WE’ and ‘WILL’ followed with ‘THEY’ ,‘HE’ ,‘SHE’ ,‘YOU’ ,’IT’. E.g.: I shall buy a car tomorrow. In the above example, helping verb is ‘shall’ followed with ‘I’. To make it interrogative, the formula is as follows: HELPING VERB+SUBJECT+VERB1+OBJECT+? To make it negative, the formula is as follows: SUBJECT+HELPING VERB+’NOT’+VERB1+OBJECT * He will deactivate his bank account tomorrow. (N) He will not deactivate his bank account tomorrow. (I) Will he deactivate his bank account tomorrow? 2) FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE: Meaning: It is used to indicate an action which will be going on in future at certain time. Here formula for future tense is as follows: SUBJECT+HELPING VERB+VERB+ING+OBJECT Here helping verbs are ‘SHALL’ and ‘WILL’. E.g.: They will be enjoying new year eve this 31st December. In the above example, helping verb is ‘I’. To make it interrogative, the formula is as follows: HELPING VERB+SUBJECT+VERB1+OBJECT+? To make it negative, the formula is as follows: SUBJECT+HELPING VERB+’NOT’+VERB1+OBJECT * He will be doing exercise in morning. (N) He will not be doing exercise in morning. (I) Will he be doing...

Words: 509 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

16 Tenses

...BAHASA INGGRIS 16 TENSES Oleh: Yohanes Sutedja (31.11.4048) Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Fakultas Ekonomi Prodi Manajemen 2011-2012 KATA PENGANTAR Puji syukur penulis panjatkan kehadirat Tuhan Yang Maha Esa yang telah memberikan rahmat serta karunia-Nya, sehingga penulis berhasil menyelesaikan Makalah ini tepat pada waktunya yang berjudul “16 TENSES ” Makalah ini berisikan tentang informasi Pengertian 16 Tenses yang ada dalam Bahasa Inggris, cara penggunaannya dan juga disertakan beberapa contoh dalam kalimat. Diharapkan Makalah ini dapat memberikan informasi kepada kita semua tentang 16 Tenses di dalam Bahasa Inggris. Penulis menyadari bahwa Makalah ini masih jauh dari sempurna, oleh karena itu kritik dan saran dari semua pihak yang bersifat membangun selalu penulis harapkan demi kesempurnaan Makalah ini. Akhir kata, penulis menyampaikan terima kasih kepada semua pihak yang telah berperan serta dalam penyusunan Makalah ini dari awal sampai akhir. Semoga Tuhan Yang Maha Esa senantiasa memberkati segala usaha kita. Amin. Banyuwangi, 10 Januari 2012 Penulis i DAFTAR ISI KATA PENGANTAR........................................................................................................ i DAFTAR ISI..................................................................................................................... ii PENDAHULUAN................

Words: 4862 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Tenses in English

...CÁC THÌ TRONG TIẾNG ANH A. CÁC THÌ HIỆN TẠI THÌ HIỆN TẠI ĐƠN: Xác định : S V ( s/es đố với ngôi thứ 3 số ít) Phủ định : S Doesn’t/Don’t V(ifn) Nghi vấn: Does/do S V(ifn)? THÌ HIệN TạI TIếP DIễN Xác định : S be V_ing PĐ: S + [am/is/are] not + V-ing NV: [am/is/are] + S + V-ing? THÌ HIệN TạI HOÀN THÀNH Xác định KĐ: S has/have PII PĐ: S + hasn’t/ haven’t + V3 NV: Has/Have + S + V3?  (…yet, already, for, since…) THÌ HIệN TạI HOÀN THÀNH TIếP DIễN:  Xác định KĐ: S + has/have been + V_ing PĐ: S + Hasn’t/ Haven’t been + V-ing NV: Has/HAve + S + been V-ing? - B. CÁC THÌ QUÁ KHỨ: Thì quá khứ đơn:  Xác định KĐ: S + V_ed (or BQT) PĐ: S + didn’t + V1(ifn) NV: Did + S + V1(ifn)? Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn:  Xác định KĐ: S + was/were + V_ing PĐ: S + wasn’t/weren’t + V-ing NV: Was/Were + S + V-ing? Thì quá khứ hoàn thành:  Xác định KĐ: S had PII PĐ: S + hadn’t + V3 NV: Had + S + V3? Thì quá khứ hoàn thành tiếp diễn:  Xác định KĐ:S had been V_ing PĐ: S + hadn’t been + V-ing NV: Had + S + been V-ing - C. CÁC THÌ TƯƠNG LAI: Thì tương lai đơn :  S + shall/will V1(infinitive) Thì tương lai tiếp diễn:  S + shall/will +be V_ing Thì tương lai hoàn thành:  S + shall/will + have V3 Thì tương lai hoàn thành tiếp diễn:  S + shall/will have + been V_ing Modal verb May/ Might/ Can/ could/ should/ must… V ACTIVE VOICE  PASSIVE VOICE Active: My cat kills a mouse everyday Passive: A mouse is killed by my dog everyday ...

Words: 810 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Simple Tenses.

...Simple tenses. Præsens og Imperfektion: D 1. Joe and Al are in love with the same girl. 2. Everyone want to earn a lot of money 3. My parents likes jazz, but my sister prefers pop music. 4. When they are watching a sad movie, her sister cries. 5. He acts before he thinks. 6. If he can smell a cat, the man sneeze. 7. My grandmother pushes to get a better place in the line. 8. My parents like all their grandchildren 9. My sister lie on the couch every afternoon. 10. The babysitter turns of the light and close the door, before the children are sleeping. G 1. They were very nervous, when they walk onto the stage. 2. When was he born? 3. The music is composed by McCartney in 1966 4. They were playing a lot in the garden 5. She died last year 6. They were stopping the car, and had a fight for an hour. 7. She traveled in Africa for many years, before she went back to Europe 8. A strange thing happen: I cried, because I was happy 9. He ended his speech with some friendly words about the hostess Perfektum og pluskvamperfektum C 1. I have been in love with Peter. 2. Where have you learned to speak France 3. I have seen him yesterday 4. He has left his wife 5. He has often beaten his children 6. It is the third beer, you have drunk tonight 7. It is the first time, I have heard Michael Jackson. 8. Shakespeare has written Macbeth around 1605 9. I have spoken with her last week. 10. She has worked here for many years. D A: I met him......

Words: 773 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Case Study – Sony Corporation – Future Tense?

...Strategic Management: Case Study – Sony Corporation – Future Tense? Table of Contents Table of Contents ………………………………………………………1 1 PART 2 – INTRODUCTION ………………………………………2 1.1 CASE STUDY ………………………………………2 1.2 COMPANY BACKGROUND ………………………………2 2 PART 2 – QUESTION 1 ………………………………………………4 2.1 TOPIC ………………………………………………………4 2.2 ANALYSIS … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 4 3 PART 2 – QUESTION 2 ………………………………………………9 3.1 TOPIC ………………………………………………………9 3.2 ANALYSIS … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 9 4 PART 2 – QUESTION 3 ……………………………………………………15 4.1 TOPIC ……………………………………………………………15 4.2 ANALYSIS ……………………………………………………………15 5 REFERENCES ……………………………………………………………21 6 ATTACHMENT – FORUM POSTS…………………………………… .23-63 Part 2 Assignment OSC1: Strategic Management: Case Study – Sony Corporation – Future Tense? 1 PART 2 - INTRODUCTION 1.1 CASE STUDY I have chosen the case study - Sony Corporation – Future Tense? (2009) to complete Part 2 of the assignment. 1.2 COMPANY BACKGROUND Sony is a diverse Japanese based corporation, founded in 1946 to manufacture telecommunications devices. In its first five decades Sony grew from its humble origins to become a world leader in the areas of electronic equipment, gaming, motion pictures and music. The company is considered to be an innovator and developed a number of new technologies through that time, most notably the Walkman and Blu-ray disc players. Its natural expansion to film and music was to allow it to not only......

Words: 3814 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Verb Tense

...346-3226 VERB TENSE WHAT IS VERB TENSE?  In English, there are many ways to express time. Words like early, late, last week, yesterday, today, tonight, tomorrow, and next year help us specifically identify a period of time; in addition to these, verbs play an important role in communicating the “when” of an idea. HOW MANY TENSES ARE THERE?  English verbs have three main tenses (past, present, and future) and four forms of each of these tenses (simple, progressive, perfect, and perfect progressive). Note the patterns in the following chart for the verb “to learn” as it would appear after “I” in each of the twelve tenses: SIMPLE PROGRESSIVE be + verb+ing PAST 1 verb+ed PRESENT 2 PERFECT 2 1 have + verb+ed PERFECT PROGRESSIVE have + been + verb+ing 2 learned was learning had learned had been learning verb FUTURE 3 will + verb learn am learning have learned have been learning will learn will be learning will have learned will have been learning 1 Verb forms may be constructed differently for irregular verbs (for example, I drink/ I drank/ I have drunk two liters of water). Specific form of be and have depends on tense (past or present) and the noun or pronoun it follows (singular/plural, I, you, he/she/it, we, they). “Am going to” can be substituted for “will”; it is slightly less formal but otherwise synonymous. 2 3 WHEN DO WE USE EACH TENSE?  Refer to the following......

Words: 847 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...Assignment 1 – Translation and tenses 2D Som en del af vores nye emne The UK, skal du oversætte nedenstående tekst om London. Vær især opmærksom på tiderne samt kongruens, når du oversætter. Og som altid, Google Translate betragtes som snyd! Din opgave: 1. Oversæt teksten til engelsk 2. Understreg alle dine engelske udsagnsordene og notér, hvilke tid udsagnsordet står i 3. Upload opgaven til Lectio senest d. 6/9 2013 En storbyferie i London tager dig med storm Det lå næppe i kortene, da romerne grundlagde Londinium i år 43, at byen langt senere skulle vokse sig mægtigere og større end nogen anden by. Men da den legendariske Elizabeth I smadrede spaniernes flåde i 1588, blev vejen banet for England som verdens nye supermagt. London er altid en storbyferie værd. Se det hele oven fra i pariserhjulet London Eye, som er 135 meter og få en fantastisk udsigt over London. London Eye, der blev opstillet i år 2000, giver dig et nyt perspektiv på gode gamle London. Dette er et must for de fleste på ferie i London. London har i mange år været et kraftcenter for musik og teater. Og byen byder stadig på en teaterscene i verdensklasse. På din storbyferie i London kan du derfor vælge mellem alt fra intellektuelle kammerspil til løsslupne folkekomedier. London er en indkøbsby uden lige, hvor du finder alt fra mægtige stormagasiner til små rebelske designerforretninger i sidegaderne samt masser af markeder. Efter at have besøgt Londons hektiske markeder, er der ikke......

Words: 523 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

English Tenses

...The Complete List of English Verb Tenses Do you find English verbs confusing? Take a look at this chart of English verb tenses to help you understand when to use each one: Simple Present Past Future speak / speaks spoke will speak going to speak Continuous am/is/are speaking was/were speaking will be speaking Perfect have/has spoken had spoken will have spoken Perfect Continuous have been speaking had been speaking will have been speaking Present Simple Use the present simple tense in English… For general facts: This shirt costs ten dollars. We speak English. For actions that happen regularly: I take guitar lessons on Wednesday nights. Sarah sometimes eats lunch in her office. Present Continuous Use the present continuous tense in English… For a continuous action in progress at the moment: I‘m currently studying biology at university. Bill can’t talk on the phone right now – he‘s doing his homework. We‘re watching TV at the moment. For future plans/arrangements: © Shayna Oliveira 2012 I‘m having lunch with Jack tomorrow. My sister is driving me to the airport on Saturday. Tim and Joanna are joining us for dinner next week. Present Perfect Use the present perfect tense in English… With actions that happened in the past at an unspecified time: I‘ve met several celebrities. He‘s been to Australia several times. We‘ve already taken the test. With actions that began in the past and continue to the present: I‘ve lived in this house for five...

Words: 987 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Korean Tenses

...the dictionary form into the present tense form. Do you remember how? ㅗ [o] or ㅏ [a] are followed by 아요 [a-yo]. Verb stems ending with vowels OTHER THAN ㅗ or ㅏ are followed by 어요 [eo-yo]. Verb stem 하 is followed by 여요 [yeo-yo]. Verb stems ending with vowels Now it’s time to learn how to change verbs into the past tense. If you understand how to change verbs into the present tense, understanding how to change them into the past tense is just as easy. A similar rule is applied to making past tense sentences, and the endings are: 았어요 [a-sseo-yo] 었어요 [eo-sseo-yo] 였어요 [yeo-sseo-yo] You can add those to the verb stems, or you can think of it as just replacing the “요” at the end of present tense sentences with -ㅆ어요 [ss-eo-yo]. ㅗ [o] or ㅏ [a] are followed by 았어요 [a-sseo-yo]. Verb stems ending with vowels other than ㅗ or ㅏ are followed by 었어요 [eo-sseo-yo]. Verb stem 하 is followed by 였어요 [yeo-sse-yo]. Verb stems ending with vowels Let’s take a look at some examples. This PDF is to be used along with the MP3 audio lesson available at Please feel free to share TalkToMeInKorean’s free Korean lessons and PDF files with anybody who is studying Korean. If you have any questions or feedback, visit - Free Korean Lesson Notes LEVEL 1 LESSON 17 사다 [sa-da] = to buy Verb stem = 사 [sa] ** You drop the final 다 [da] from any verb and you get the verb stem. Past tense = 사 + 았어요 [sa + a-sseo-yo] = 샀어요......

Words: 802 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...rumus dan contoh 16 macam tenses. 16 Macam Tenses | Penggunaan | Rumus Tenses | Contoh Tenses | Simple Present Tense | Tense ini untuk menyatakan fakta, kebiasaan, dan kejadian yang terjadi pada saat sekarang ini. | S + V-1 | We agree with the speaker’s opinion. | Present Continuous Tense | Tense ini untuk membicarakan aksi yang sedang berlangsung sekarang atau rencana dimasa depan. | S + am/is/are + present participle (V+ing) | I’m driving a car to Bandung now. | Present Perfect Tense | Tense ini digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatu aktivitas atau situasi yang telah dimulai di masa lalu dan telah selesai pada suatu titik waktu tertentu di masa lalu atau masih berlanjut sampai sekarang. | S + have/has + past participle (kata kerja III) | I have lived in Cilegon for 3 months. | Present Perfect Continuous Tense | Tense ini untuk mengungkapkan aksi yang telah selesai pada suatu titik dimasa lampau atau aksi telah dimulai dimasa lalu dan terus berlanjut sampai sekarang. | S + have/has + been + present participle | The toddlers have been playing a ball for an hour. | Simple Past Tense | Tense ini untuk menunjukkan bahwa suatu kejadian terjadi dimasa lampau. | S + V-2 | The party started at 10.00 a.m. | Past Continuous Tense | Tense ini digunakan untuk mengungkapkan bahwa suatu aksi sedang terjadi pada waktu tertentu dimasa lampau. |  S + was/were + present participle | The team was playing basketball all day yesterday. | Past Perfect Tense | Tense ini untuk......

Words: 647 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Simple Present Tense Verb Conjugation & Spelling We form the present tense using the base form of the infinitive (without the TO). In general, in the third person we add 'S' in the third person. Subject | Verb | The Rest of the sentence | I / you / we / they | speak / learn | English at home | he / she / it | speaks / learns | English at home | The spelling for the verb in the third person differs depending on the ending of that verb: 1. For verbs that end in -O, -CH, -SH, -SS, -X, or -Z we add -ES in the third person. * go – goes * catch – catches * wash – washes * kiss – kisses * fix – fixes * buzz – buzzes 2. For verbs that end in a consonant + Y, we remove the Y and add -IES. * marry – marries * study – studies * carry – carries * worry – worries NOTE: For verbs that end in a vowel + Y, we just add -S. * play – plays * enjoy – enjoys * say – says Negative Sentences in the Simple Present Tense To make a negative sentence in English we normally use Don't or Doesn't with all verbs EXCEPT To Be and Modal verbs (can, might, should etc.). * Affirmative: You speak French. Negative: You don't speak French. You will see that we add don't between the subject and the verb. We use Don't when the subject is I, you, we or they. * Affirmative: He speaks German. Negative: He doesn't speak German. When the subject is he, she or it, we add doesn't between the subject and the verb......

Words: 1446 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Tenses - Why Are These Important

...Verb tenses tell readers when events or actions occured in time—in the past, present, or future. Your verb choices can also indicate aspect, which expresses the completeness or effects of an action. TENSES - Why are these important • Writers use the present tense to describe events that are happening at the moment. • Writers use the past tense to describe events that have already happened. • Writers use the future tense to describe events that will happen. ________________________________________ Simple tenses; perfect tenses; progressive tenses; perfect progressive tenses Simple Tenses The simple tenses are used to show permanent characteristics of people and events or what happens regularly, habitually or in a single completed action. Perfect Tenses Sometimes you need to give just a little bit more information about an action or state...and that is where the perfect tenses come in. The perfect tenses are used when an action or situation in the present is linked to a moment in the past. It is often used to show things that have happened up to now but aren't finished yet or to emphasize that something happened but is not true anymore. When they end determines which of them you use. Perfect tenses are never used when we say when something happened i.e. yesterday, last year etc. but can be used when discussing the duration of something i.e. often, for, always, since etc.. Perfect Progressive Tense The perfect progressive tense describes actions that......

Words: 261 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Assaignment on Tense

...DISCUSSION ON TENSE Submitted To: Md. Shayeekh-Us-Saleheen Assistant professor of English language and liturature UNIVERSITY OF LIBERAL ARTS BANGLADESH Submitted By: Md. Ashiqur Rahman ID: 111011177 Syed Foysal Alam ID: 111011200 Submission Date: 27 February, 2011 27 February, 2011 The respective teacher Md. Shayeekh-Us-Saleheen Assistant professor of English language and liturature Department of Humanities UNIVERSITY OF LIBERAL ARTS BANGLADESH Dhanmondi, Dhaka. Subject: Submission of a report on Tense. Dear Sir, We would like to inform you that we have completed the preparation of our presentation on Tense. We made the assignment successfully .we tried our best to prepare this report. We expect your sympathetic consideration. In these circumstances, we pray and hope that you would be satisfied on our report. Obediently yours, Md. Ashiqur Rahman ID: 111011177 Md. Syed Foysal Alam ID: 111011200 TABLE OF CONTENT Serial no. | Topics | Page no. | 0102030405060708091011121314 | Present indefinite tensePresent continuous tensePresent perfect tensePresent perfect continuous tenseComparison between present perfect and present continuous tense.Past indefinite tense Past continuous......

Words: 1375 - Pages: 6

Seraph of the End | Jane Clifton | Universel 1Pair Moto Phare Avant Ampoule Feu Lampe Light Headlight 6 LED Blanc