The Golden Rule

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By omerellahi
Words 4569
Pages 19
Book final final THE GOLDEN RULE as THE SUPREME PRINCIPLE implications for FAITH

Faith within the Limits of Love and Reason

SECTION ONE: Why Reason Must Have the Final Word

To see why reason must have the final word in all things, I will illustrate the role of reason in three different cases. This I think should suffice to make the point.

(1) Consulting Some Authority

Suppose we are confronted with two or more conflicting alternatives concerning what to say, think or do and in hopes of resolving this confusing conflict, we seek out some wiser person, some authority, who can give us the correct answer. This raises the question: Who is the authority we can turn to: our Mom, our Dad, our grandparent, a priest or a clergyman, a Rabbi or Ayatollah, a bodhisattva, a therapist or counselor, the Pope, a lawyer, a real estate agent, an auto mechanic? Well, of course, our choice depends on the nature of our problem. So, reason needs to play a role here in helping us to determine what kind of authority to consult. Okay, let us suppose that our conflict is of a religious nature. We still need to ask which priest, which clergyman, which Rabbi, which Ayatollah or which bodhisattva etc. to choose. So here again, reason has a role to play. There is more. After we have settled who to consult, sometimes we will find that the advice is really bad advice. Sometimes we will find that the advice is really good advice. On still other occasions, we won't know what to make of the advice and will not be able to decide whether it is good or bad. In cases where we believe the advice is bad or where we are at a loss to evaluate it, we can always consult some other person. That is indeed a good thing to do in any case. In fact, we should not just passively listen to the various authorities we seek out. We should actively discuss the matter with them, since we are bound to learn…...

Similar Documents

Golden Age

...|Book Review | |'A Golden Age' by Tahmima Anam | | | |Reviewed by Efadul Huq for Star Campus readers | | | |(As I read it I felt an unknown joy, as if I am reading about my grandparents and their doings; and as I savored the wonderful prose of | |Tahmima Anam, it seemed to me that finally the golden age for Bangladeshi English writers had begun.) | |Whispers of the past have become the domineering voice; small real-life stories have fused together; petty characters have taken up pretty | |big roles; everybody has a choice to make and will be held responsible for it with all that and more comes a memorable novel 'A Golden Age' | |by Tahmima Anam, inspired by a glorious chapter in the history of the world, it doesn't stop surprising you with it's simply beautiful prose| |and intriguing plot. ...

Words: 474 - Pages: 2

Golden Rule in Business

...paragraphs explains each principle in my personal perspective. The Categorical Imperative Ethics is a rule that based on our expressions of truth and / or actions of proper conduct we should own it and be able to live with it. In my opinion in all walks of life it is very important that we are honest to ourselves and to others. When we make commitments in helping others it is important we follow through with what is being offered thoroughly and in a timely manner. Our words of commitment and actions show the other person we are trustworthy, responsible, and dependable. The Conventionalist Ethic is a rule in business allowing you to act as you are as long as you do not violate any laws or rules of proper work ethics. I feel this rules protects individuals with certain types of personality i.e., a person with arrogance, lack of respect, unfriendliness, and even nerds. The Disclosure Rule is when we have a situation whether ethical or not and it has to be address with the general public or an individual. We must always consider how it may affect all stakeholders. Imagine waking up in the morning and the front page of a newspaper has your best friends picture and full name as Jane Doe Yamashita was found stab to death in her home last night. The ethical procedure is to not list the name or picture until the immediate families are notified. The Ends-Means Ethic is a rule that states the end justifies the means. I can relate to how this fits business ethics. If......

Words: 1613 - Pages: 7

Golden Lion

...Golden Lion Tamarin |[pic] | CLASSIFICATION: | | |Kingdom Animalia | | |Phylum: Chordata | | |Class: Mammalia | | |Order: Primates | | |Family: Callitrichidae | | |Genus: Leontopithecus | | |Species: rosalia | RANGE: Found only in small areas in the State of Rio de Janiero, Brazil. HABITAT: Tropical rainforests. They tend to select areas of heavy growth for cover and......

Words: 641 - Pages: 3

The Golden Ration

...The golden ratio is a mathematical ratio of 1 to about 1.618. The golden ratio is found naturally in the world and in nature, but we can create if we try. Most artists that use the golden ratio either use it for the purpose of showing their sheer ability in mathematics to use it correctly and efficiently in their painting, sculptures, and other works of art, or for the mere fact that mankind as a whole has an, as of yet, unexplainable attractions to the golden ratio. Or in other words, the golden ratio makes things better looking or more appealing to the human eye. And because art is seen through the eye of the beholder, having the golden ratio throughout one’s work could be the difference between a piece of art and masterpiece. The first piece of artwork I want to talk about is the Last Supper by renowned painter Leonardo da Vinci. There are golden ration rectangles everywhere. You can see the rectangles on the entire length of the table where the disciples and Jesus are eating. You can also see the rectangles about the faces of said people, split on the disciples on the left, Jesus in the middle, and the disciples on the right. The feet of all the people eating are in their own rectangles as well, once again on the left, middle, and right respectively. Additionally, if you look at the background you can see the golden ratio on the back wall and the windows with an outside view. The next piece of artwork I would like to talk about is the most famous painting in the world the...

Words: 603 - Pages: 3

The Golden Rule

...world can be transformed if all of the human race followed one simple rule. This simple rule can be found throughout history and in virtually every culture. We know it in Western civilization as the “Golden Rule” or ethic of reciprocity. It simply means treat others as you would like to be treated. Be kind and help others just because it makes your soul smile. This golden rule of ethics only demands that we see beyond ourselves and are willing to treat others better then they treat us at times. It is argued that following in this belief leaves you open to being taken advantage of. Some people will see you as an easy target, weak, naïve even. Since we live in a world where “only the strong survive” and egos are of then more important than morality, ethics are easily thrown out the window. To this argument I bring you to the core value or root of the Golden Rule. It is the willingness to treat others better than they treat you and the knowing that you just might be taken advantage of every now and then, and being okay with it that is important. Our Golden Rule, or variations of it can be found in Jewish literature, Islamic Writ, the Hindu Holy Books, Taoism, Buddhist Udana-Varga, Confucianism, African Traditional religions, and in the writings of many well-known philosophers. The Holy Bible makes many references to this law of ethics. It is in Matthew 7:12 of the English Standard Version that the Golden Rule is spoken by Jesus as part of the Sermon on the Mount, “So......

Words: 669 - Pages: 3

Golden Bear

...Golden Bear Golf, Inc Golden Bear Golf, Inc. The assertions that were relevant to Paragon’s construction projects are: existence and occurrence, completeness, valuation or allocation, and presentation and disclosure. Existence and occurrence: should have been used to test the revenue and gross profit on its construction projects. By testing to see if the assertion is appropriate to make sure that all revenue and gross profit exist would have brought the attention to the $4 million of un-invoiced construction costs that materialized at the end of fiscal 1997. This assertion test also would have revealed that the earned value method in practice was allowing Paragon to book much larger amounts of revenue and gross profit on its construction projects than it would have under the cost-to-cost method. Completeness: the SEC said that Sullivan and his subordinates should have rigorously tested Paragon’s large amounts of unbilled revenues at the end of 1997. A significant amount of unbilled revenue that is reported as complete should be tested to determine the reason no billing has been posted for the work that was done. It also should be determined the reason income is being recognized for jobs that have not been identified as works in progress to determine the exact completion date of the project. By testing this assertion it would have been discovered that $4 million of work was fictitious. Valuation or allocation: Paragon overstated its revenue and profits by using......

Words: 475 - Pages: 2

Business and Ethics: They'Re Surely Not Your Top Running Candidate for 'the Golden Rule"

...Abbey Bartosiak Final Paper Wednesday, December 10th, 2008 Businesses and Ethics: They’re Surely Not Your Top Running Candidate for “The Golden Rule” The Golden Rule is a rule that is universally known. Although it has been translated differently and all the words may not be the same, it has the same universal meaning: “Do to others what you would want done to yourself.” This rule is one of the few rules that every person is the world is taught and abides (or tries to abide) by in their everyday life. When young children learn this rule, they are told to never forget it and to use it for the rest of their life: through school, for families, for work. There becomes a gray area, though, when The Golden Rule is brought into the workplace. For some reason, offices and workers feel that this rule doesn’t apply to them. They don’t need to be honest because, in some way, they are benefitting themselves. Business is where The Golden Rule gets tossed and people and firms start to act out of egoism, a form of moral belief. To uncover the “how, where and why” of business ethics, one must explore deeper beyond the surface. First, to understand how big businesses violate ethics, one must know what business ethics are and what they consist of. Second, to understand how businesses and workers act of out egoism, one must know what egoism is and what the beliefs pertain to. Then, connections and examples of businesses violating their ethics and how this unites it with......

Words: 3006 - Pages: 13

Hci 8 Golden Rules

...RULE 1: I do not view this website as being consistent at all. The home page is structured in a very strange layout, which is not divided up into any type of evenly spaced sections. Some other inconsistent features on this website: * Different fonts. * Different font sizes. * Some items are underlined with no exact reasoning. * Hyperlinks are underlined, but it is hard to tell which underlined items are hyperlinks by viewing them. * Different colors used with the fonts. * Clicking a hyperlink will take you to another page, and the pages do not have a common theme or feel. * Layout is different on many of the links from the home page. * No website navigational controls. * Some links take you to a secondary page, but there are links that take you to another website – such as yelp. Some of the changes that I would make: * Use a standard layout. * Make fonts standard, pick a font and use. * Remove underlining from non-linked text. If something needs to stand out, use a bold text. * Standardize the font colors. * Add breadcrumbs and menus for easy navigation. * Make all pages available from hyperlinks have a common look and feel. * Add navigation controls and menus on secondary pages. RULE 2: I do not think this rule applies a great deal for this website. I think that by adding navigation controls such as a menu can be a help to frequent users. RULE 3: The website does not seem to follow with current period functions. There is a......

Words: 646 - Pages: 3

3 Golden Rules for Building Social Capital

...Social capital refers to a person’s access to resources and know-how through social ties on social networks. Weak ties (i.e. a casual acquaintance or friend of a friend) – not necessarily our friends – can be our greatest source of ideas and information. This post discusses three obstacles to building social capital effectively. It also provides three rules for mastering these challenges intelligently, and finally, gives two practical tips for improving your social capital ROI (return on investment). Article source: 3 golden rules for building social capital First, we have to figure out what we want, to ensure we achieve our social networking objective(s) while building social capital. In The Forms of Capital (1986), sociologist Pierre Bourdieu identifies three types of capital: a) economic, b) cultural, and/or c) social. He defines social capital as, “the aggregate of the actual or potential resources which are linked to possession of a durable network of more or less institutionalized relationships of mutual acquaintance and recognition.” In short, social capital is about the value of social networks, so the goodwill others feel toward us is a great resource. More specifically, social capital gained through work, professional groups and associations, as well as social networks makes information, influence, and solidarity available to the individual. Networks change depending on someone’s interests and career path, meaning our weak ties, and therefore......

Words: 699 - Pages: 3

The Golden Advice

...Tate Fleming The Golden Advice Essay #4 617 The Golden Advice A typical message for all high school students would be, “You better start getting ready for college!” The fact of the matter is, not all high school students know how to get ready for college. Many people get to where they think they`ve always wanted to go, but ended up not liking where they are when it`s too late. College is somewhere you`re going to be spending the next four years of your life, or maybe more, so you want to make sure you`ve put legitimate thought into where you want to go. Every college student has different advice for high school students. Mine to you is start getting a study habit, think about the location of where you want to go to school, and then think about how much it`s going to cost for you to go to the school you`re interested in. For starters, get into a good study habit. Most high schools don`t require near as much studying than what is required for college. Simply put, college is a totally different lifestyle. You`re on your own and you don’t have anyone telling you to study, so you have to make sure you stay on top of everything. Classes are more difficult, test are more difficult, homework is more difficult, the list goes on. Most students get to college and get completely overwhelmed with how much they actually have to study. If you get into a good study habit now, you`ll be much better off and won`t be overwhelmed. That would be my first and probably most......

Words: 627 - Pages: 3

The Golden Rule

...,h,hj,fhj,gh,dgjyfjhsyrjtjyjrgeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeengtjngtogn jn j nrn rijijijgjgjgjgjgj iFirst direct of undertook research through a market research. First direct used a variety of primary research methods the reason why they used primary reasons are for number of advantages. One of the advantages of using primary research is that it provides direct feedback from customers and potential customers however, a few disadvantages are the Are that the primary researchFirst direct of undertook research through a market research. First direct used a variety of primary research methods the reason why they used primary reasons are for number of advantages. One of the advantages of using primary research is that it provides direct feedback from customers and potential customers however, a few disadvantages are the Are that the primary research is time consuming and expensive is timFirst direct of undertook research through a market research. First direct used a variety of primary research methods the reason why they used primary reasons are for number of advantages. One of the advantages of using primary research is that it provides direct feedback from customers and potential customers however, a few disadvantages are the Are that the primary research iFirst direct of undertook research through a market research. First direct used a variety of primary research methods the reason why they usFirst direct of undertook research through a market research. First direct used a......

Words: 1099 - Pages: 5

The Golden Rule vs. Categorical Imperative

...Immanuel Kant defines duty as the recognition of a moral obligation to do what is right, 100% of the time, regardless of what could come of it. Also, Kant states that in order for an act to be wholly moral, it must be carried out by a sense of duty. This type of obligation termed by Kant is called the “categorical imperative.” The categorical imperative, according to Kant, acts as a basis to which moral requirements stem from. The categorical imperative also equates to Catholicism’s’ “golden rule” in that they both call for treating human beings as ends, not as means. Duty, according to Kant, has four motives, self-interest, self-preservation, sympathy, and happiness. Kant goes on to explain that we all have a sense of moral duty that is innate in us at birth. When we have feelings of guilt, this is the end result when we have done something that has infringed this moral duty. To Kant, to act moral is to obey the moral laws, which are in us at birth, which is our duty. For example, giving a beggar money for the soul purpose of getting he or she to leave you alone is not an example of a moral duty according to Kant. Instead, he believes that a more genuine example would be someone who gives the beggar money regardless of his or her own self interest, for a reason that does not benefit him or her in any way. If a person acts in a way that benefits others while also benefiting themselves, they are not acting truly moral according to Kant’s definition. For example, doctors help...

Words: 1509 - Pages: 7

Rules

...Scoring Criteria # Element Weight age 15% 25% 15% 15% 20% 1 Grammar & Spellings 2 Technical Knowledge 3 Referencing (In text Citation) 4 Referencing (Bibliography) 5 Writing Structure and Style 6 Formatting (title Page, Content, Others) 10% Total 100% Note: Your work will be checked through plagiarism software. If it’s a copy/paste material from anywhere, you will be disqualified from the test. Next Page for test rules E: connect@grbsol.co.uk Skype: connect.grbsol W: www.grbsol.co.uk GRBSOL Ltd. Test Rules The following rules of the test will be applied 1. Total words to write are 1000 to 1200 2. Countable words do not include the Title Page, Table of Content, References and Appendix. 3. Your deadline to submit the work is 24 hours. Your time starts from the moment you receive this email. 4. This work can be done in 3- 4 working hours. It should not take more than that. 5. Work should be plagiarism free. You will be disqualified if your work found to be plagiarized.(see Referencing Guidelines) 6. You need to submit the work through email. Late work will not be accepted and you will be disqualified. 7. Your work should be in the MS Word file. 8. Formatting a. Font Style = Times New Roman b. Font Size = Heading 1: 16” Bold, Heading 2: 14” Bold, Normal Text = 12” c. Line Spacing = 1.5 Times d. Page Margin = 1” on all sides e. Footer = Page # on right bottom f. Header = Topic Name 9. You are required to cite 8 - 10 references at least (journals, articles,......

Words: 322 - Pages: 2

The Literal + Golden Rules

...Literal Rule: It dictates that statutes are to be interpreted using the ordinary meaning of the language of the statute, unless a statute explicitly defines some of its terms otherwise. Simply put, the law should be read word for word, and not change from its ordinary meaning. It should be the first rule applied by judges. In the words of Lord Esher: ‘If the words of an act are clear, then you must follow them even though they lead to a manifest absurdity. The court has nothing to do with the question whether the legislature has committed an absurdity. For example in the case of London & North Eastern Railway Co v Berriman (1946)- A man died whilst he was doing ‘maintenance’ on a train track. He had no lookout man to warn him of any danger. According the Fatal Accidents Act, ‘A look out should be provided for men working on or near the railway line for the purpose of RELAYING OR REPAIRING it.’ The company was found not liable for not providing a lookout man, due to the fact he wasn’t ‘relaying/repairing’ the track, he was only doing ‘maintenance’. Professor Michael Zander described the Literal Rule as this: ‘The literal rule is mechanical and divorced from the realities of the use of language’. The Golden Rule: The Golden Rule is a modification of the Literal Rule. The Judge starts by looking at the Literal Rule, and if that leads to an absurd result, then the court can avoid that interpretation. There are two variations of the Golden......

Words: 403 - Pages: 2

Why the Golden Rule Does Not Work

...The Golden Rule is a universally recognized guideline for proper ethical behavior. Many support it because it has a feel-good factor, and this rule is viewed as ‘good’. Unfortunately, this ethic of reciprocity may not always work. It seems to be merely a goodwill gesture, and is not necessarily a practical belief to enforce. There are different ways that people seem to practice the Golden Rule. There is the high end of the rule, in which we are taught to be kind to our enemies. While this action might be truly selfless, this aspect has often been the catalyst of historical atrocities. Indoctrinated masses, failing to revolt against corrupt and ruthless rulers, have easily been led into war and oppression. In A History of Sin, Oliver Thompson says, “At its higher level it becomes more generous and less mercenary, recognizing the superior quality of idea as formulated for instance by Lao Tzu in ancient China: 'For good return good: for evil return good’”. (Thompson, 1993) This impractical ethic has only ever been truly realized by asocial groups who tend to break away from the rest of the world. Rather than creating a working ethic that increases the overall goodness of the world, they abandon the world to the more cruel leaders who they fail to oppose. (Crabtree, 2001) On the lower end of the Golden Rule, it is stated that you should do to others as they do to you. This more common form of the ethic of reciprocity is as impractical as the first. As an......

Words: 943 - Pages: 4

Preacher | The Hangover | More Details