The History of Rock & Pop

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THE HISTORY OF ROCK AND POP

"POP" is short for "popular" and there has always been popular music. But until the 1950s there wasn't a style of music just for young people. That all changed when rock and roll began. Since then, hundreds of styles and stars have come and gone. Musical technology has changed a lot too. Here, we look at the highlights of rock and pop's forty-year history. The '50s Rock and roll began in America. Some of its first big stars were black - for example Chuck Berry, Fats Domino and Little Richard. They brought traditional "rhythm and blues" to a big new TV audience. Then, white singers began to copy them. One of the first was Bill Haley. He and his band, The Comets, recorded an early rock and roll classic, "Rock Around The Clock". There were other white "rockers", too, like Jerry Lee Lewis and Buddy Holly. But the most popular of them all was Elvis Aaron Presley. Elvis wasn't like the American singers of the '40s and early '50s. He wasn't neat, sweet and safe. He was rough, tough and dangerous. His music was dangerous, too. He called himself "The King of Rock and Roll" and played an electric guitar. Teenagers all over the world fell in love with this new style. They bought millions of his records. Suddenly the younger generation didn't just have money, cars and televisions - they had a hero, too. The '60s Pop exploded in the '60s. After Elvis, hundreds of new groups and singers appeared. In Britain, two groups quickly became more popular than all the others. One was the Rolling Stones. They played hard aggressive rock and roll. The other group played a mixture of rock and pop. They came from Liverpool and the newspapers called them "The Fab Four". Their real name was the Beatles. Together, the Beatles and the Stones led a British "invasion" of the American charts. Thanks to them, pop became Transatlantic. But…...

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