The Underground Wonders

In: Other Topics

Submitted By tintinalalil
Words 761
Pages 4
The Underground Wonders

Why go caving ? Hidden in the depths of the earth you might find one of those beautiful

creations of nature, "The caves.” Long ago, our ancestors were using caves as shelter from wild

animals and the forces of nature. Throughout history, the underground architecture, and

their make-up, have been explored and documented by cavers, because they can reveal

details of past climatic conditions in the structures formed in a cave by the deposition of

minerals from water called speleothem, and the origins of life. The caving connects us to

the stunning scenery of underground world an it's an amazing experience as well. Can be

a strenuous sport, a casual hobby, a means to conducting scientific research, or all of these and

more.

Caves are found around the world and in a variety of settings, from cold alpine

environments to warm tropical rain forests, and are formed through a variety of natural

processes, also they are a unique challenge to scientific.

The studies of caves and karst systems are important for two major reasons. First, the

overwhelming majority of freshwater resources is groundwater. About 25% of the groundwater

is located in cave and karst regions. The protection and management of these vital water

resources are critical to public health and to sustainable economic development. As identified by

the National Geographic Society, water resources are a critical concern as society enters the

twenty-first century.

Second, caves are storehouses of information on natural resources, human history and evolution.

Therefore, many avenues of research can be pursued in caves. Recent studies indicated that caves

contain valuable data that are relevant to global climate change, waste disposal, groundwater

supply and…...

Similar Documents

7 Wonders

...Review of Four of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World There have been many lists assembled from ancient times to present day noting the spectacular natural wonders and manmade structures in the World. The first known list of remarkable structures is referred to as the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Ancient Greek and Roman scholars wrote about these wonders of architecture beauty. Located around the Mediterranean and Middle East, the seven wonders were: Great Pyramid of Giza, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, Colossus of Rhodes, and the Lighthouse of Alexandria. This paper will review four of these wonders. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are thought to be series huge and magnificent gardens, towering over the city of Babylon. According to legend, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were created by King Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 B.C. ("12 Key Facts”). The king built these beautiful gardens to cheer up his wife, Amytis who was homesick for her homeland. There is no physical evidence these gardens actually existed, only the descriptions provided through ancient writings. The Greek geographer Strabo, who described the gardens in first century B.C., wrote, “It consists of vaulted terraces raised one above another, and resting upon cube-shaped pillars. These are hollow and filled with earth to allow trees of the largest size to be planted. The pillars, the vaults, and terraces are......

Words: 2106 - Pages: 9

Seven Wonders

...The world is full of many of mans’ accomplishments that both amaze us and are astounding. The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World are some of the most incredible works that have ever been created. They can be amazing for many different reasons. The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World are all judged by their artistry, engineering skill, construction and sheer scale (Berg, October 2, 2001). In the following paragraphs, I will examine four of the most remarkable man made creations in the ancient world. The Temple of Artemis is an amazing example of human ingenuity. The temple is a Greek building made up of 127 marble columns that are 60 feet tall each (Browne). It was designed by Chersiphron, and erected at the expense of Croesus, the fabulously wealthy king of Lydia in 550 B.C (Brown). I took nearly 120 years to complete because of its’ sheer size and details that were carved into many of the columns. It is the largest temple of the ancient world because of the competitive nature that the Greeks had with the rest of the world during that time. What is amazing however is that it has been rebuilt three times. Its’ final demise was in 262 A.D (The British Museum). Another amazing ancient wonder was the Statue of Zeus that was created in 432 B.C, very close to the time when the Temple of Artemis was built. It is a statue of Zeus that was made of the ivory and gold-plated bronze. It was erected at Olympia for the ancient Olympic Games that were said to start in 776 B.C....

Words: 757 - Pages: 4

Ufos, Underground Bases and Government Coverups

...UFOs, Underground Bases, and Government cover-ups Julian Mercado DeVry University, ENG135 October 1, 2010 UFO, Underground Bases, and Government cover-ups Introduction UFOs have been seen by people all over the world. People of different cultures and ethnicities have different names for these unknown craft. In Spanish it is “objeto volante no identificado”, and in German it is actually UFO. Regardless of what race you are, UFO means the same thing, “Unidentified flying Object”. Let me be clear on this. It means it is a flying object that cannot be identified. We will delve into the world of UFOs and underground military installations, and examine the history of UFOs, their hot spots, and look into evidence of government cover-ups. UFO History Unidentified flying objects have been around a long time, one of the earliest sightings in 593 BC, recorded in the Bible in the book of Ezekiel 1:16. Ezekiel talks of encountering a flying object near Cheber River Chaldea, in today’s Iraq. "Now as I looked at the living creatures, I saw a wheel upon the earth beside the living creatures, one for each of the four of them. As for the appearance of the wheels and their construction: their appearance was like the gleaming of beryl” (1, Ezekiel 1:16 English standard version, 2010). Perhaps it sounds like something out of a science fiction movie, but many historians have taken this biblical account seriously. He described what he saw with words and phrases from the reality and......

Words: 2860 - Pages: 12

Wonder

...ABC Book Report By: Damyia Thomas Wonder A- August is an ordinary boy on the inside, but by his deformed face most people can’t tell. He does normal things like eat ice cream, play the Xbox, and ride a bike, but his judgment is based on his face. B- Mr. Browne was August’s English teacher. He was a tall man with a yellow beard. Mr. Browne always gave the students a precept every month. C- Christopher was August’s best friend when they were seven years old but Christopher moved to Bridgeport. When August and his mom went to go visit Christopher his mom told Maugaruite, August’s mom, that August should start school. D- The Deal is mainly about August checking out his new school and meeting new students. Jack, Julian, and Charlotte showed him around but he isn’t very interested in going. E- Effected describes via when she finally got back from staying with her grandmother for a month. She hadn’t been used to being stared at where ever she went with August. When she looked at August after returning she saw a weird deformed faced boy and not her brother. F- First Day Jitters: this was the first day of school for August and he had a mad case of butterflies. He was so excited to go to school because he felt like he had a real friend in jack and charlotte. He was also excited because his dad and his sister, Via, would be walking him to school that day. G- Mrs. Garcia is the middle school director. Before August went on his school tour, Mr. Tushman took...

Words: 1347 - Pages: 6

Doetoevsky Underground Man

...English comp 4CW Spencer Jackson May 14, 2014 Dostoevsky: Rationality and Reason Many philosophers believed that reason could provide critical, informed solutions to social issues and in turn improve the human condition. Fyodor Dostoevsky conducts an assault against this notion in Notes From the Underground, making this work one of the most famous anti-enlightenment novels. Through this novel he showed what he believed were gaps in the idea that the mind could be freed from ignorance through the application of reason, and the rejection of the idea that humankind could achieve a utopian existence as a result. The narrator in this novel also known as the underground man is a pessimistic man who symbolizes what could happen to mankind should endless application of reason take over. Without any care for his health or well being out of spite, he becomes a perfect character for Dostoevsky to illustrate his argument against the enlightenment ideas. The narrator decides upon actions that oppose his interests for the sole reason of proving that he is an unpredictable man who enjoys his own free will and ability to make voluntary decisions of his own, without being restrained by the ideas of rationality and reason. Dostoevsky seems to be making the statement that rationality is indeed useful for analyzing situations but is ultimately damaging if focused on constantly. Reason does not, as many Enlightenment thinkers believed, free man but reduces us to something that......

Words: 1286 - Pages: 6

Wonder Woman

...Wonder Woman Today’s Feminist Icon Mariano Pinho World Mythology HUM/105 September 20, 2010 Megge Fitz Randolph Wonder Woman: Today’s Feminist Icon Wonder Woman was more than a lasso slinging, bullet dodging super hero; she is an American feminist’s icon. Wonder Woman was introduced to Americans during World War II, by William Moulton Marston, a Harvard trained psychologist and lawyer. She represented nationhood at a time when our nation was at war. She was the daughter of Queen Hippolyte ruler of an all-woman race of Amazons living on Paradise Island, somewhere located in the Bermuda Triangle. She was named Princess Diana, after the Romanized version of the Greek Goddess Artemis (Emad, 2006). Since the inception of Wonder Woman, her origin has changed twice. Originally she earned her power and title she embodied for decades when she won a power competition amongst the other Amazonian women. In the second version of her origin she did not win her powers but instead was given them to her by the Gods themselves. Wonder Woman was much more than a comic book super hero. According to historian Lori Landay, “Wonder Woman operated in wartime popular culture as a metaphor for the movement in femininity out of the garden and into the war” (p. 11). She contained her super human powers from the public and lived a dual life, nurse and super hero. This reinforced the perception that women need to hide the power and strength allowing men to remain the......

Words: 410 - Pages: 2

Wonder Woman

...October 2014 Wonder Woman Children always looking for a positive role model to have, and many end up choosing superheroes they see in their favorite comic books or ones they have seen in the media. Since children are so easily affected by things they see in their childhood, having discriminatory elements in these influential characters may be problematic. “The Wonder Woman Precedent: Female (Super) Heroism on Trial” written by Julie D. O’Reilly, was published in the Journal of American Culture in 2005. O’Reilly is a professor of communication and women and gender at Heidelberg University. In “The Wonder Woman Precedent”, she writes about the hardships that female superheroes in the media must face that male superheroes do not go through. Throughout her article she compares Wonder Woman, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, and the sisters of Charmed to male superheroes like Superman and Jake 2.0. “Wonder Woman” written by Gloria Steinem, is an excerpt from a book written about Wonder Woman. Steinem is well known activist, feminist, and author. “Wonder Woman” talks about how Wonder Woman helped shape Steinem to become the woman she is today. O’Reilly and Steinem both believe that the creator of Wonder Woman views on feminism are not exactly correct. However, both authors share opposing viewpoints on the trials female superheroes face and if wonder woman is a feminist icon. The creator of Wonder Woman, not surprising to most, was a man. William Moulton Marston, who wrote the Wonder......

Words: 969 - Pages: 4

The Wonder of Women

...characters must have had a sustained or significant presence within the comics pages too. Iconic characters make us reflect upon who we are, what we aspire to be, and what we value. Your essay should explore how your character/topic reflects the American experience out of which he/she sprang and how they achieved relevance by adapting to, and perhaps influencing, the evolving American character. An iconic character is one that has had a great impact upon the broader American culture. One aspect of iconicity that facilitates this impact is that the icon is symbolic; it represents something more than itself. For example, Spider-Man’s adventures repeatedly reaffirm a belief in the inherent goodness of humanity. For icons developed in underground or alternative comics, the impact might come from challenging the status quo and forcing us to examine the values of our culture. Essays should be more than simple character biographies, but should provide an in-depth exploration of the icon as a product of and an influence on American culture. Your iconic character may have enjoyed his/her heyday well before our current era, or it may continue to radiate tremors across the cultural landscape. Each research essay should be divided into several sections: * The character’s creation and publication history: the significant storylines and supporting cast that fill the stories; important creators involved in developing the character * The character’s impact on......

Words: 453 - Pages: 2

Underground Cables

...voltages to be delivered to the consumers by the distribution companies are lowered. There are two designs for distribution systems, one is the Overhead Distribution System (ODS) and the other is the Underground Distribution System (UDS). Each of these has its own advantages and disadvantages. In the earlier century, ODS has been commonly used by distribution companies. It is reliable, low-cost, easily maintained and is an established method to transport bulk electricity across long distances. ODS are the lowest-cost method transmitting electrical power because most of the insulation is provided by air. The disadvantage is that ODS is more prone and subjected to interruptions due to natural causes such as lightning and storms and other failure due to short circuits and line breakage. It is also unpleasant to the eye especially to urban areas. Moreover, the voltage drop in ODS is considerably high. This puts the use of UDS into consideration. In UDS, power lines are buried directly in the ground. Because it is underground, it promotes safety in subjected area; also, it is less subjected to damage from weather conditions and other physical causes. The downside to this is that UDSystems are far more expensive than ODSystems. Its maintenance is also hard since direct access to the underground transmission lines is not available disabling hands-on inspection. Therefore, it is necessary to come up with design for the transmission lines that will facilitate more efficient energy......

Words: 1876 - Pages: 8

Wonder Boys

...After viewing Wonder Boys. At the beginning, the music is a little decadent, so I thought it must be a sad film again, but when I keep watching I found I was totally wrong, it’s a comedy. The surprising thing is I saw the young Spider-man Tobey Maguire and young Iron Man Robert Downey Jr act important character in Wonder Boys. I think every young man like their hero movies and Downey truly has such gift of humor, his character always can make us laugh. I like the scene that he called James “Jimmy,Jimmy,Jimmy” . It’s so cute. The film is very different from the other films I have seen in class. First, this film is totally narrate in chronological order and the characters in this movie are all kind. Second, in Wonder Boys it has voiceover, a narrator Grady himself. Third, it’s a totally comedy, though there is some helpless emotion in the film, we can still find the humor in it. The film is about a professor of English at the university called Grady. Seven years ago his novel made him famous, become the Wonder boy. But seven years later, his writing into a bottleneck, for seven years he haven't finished a novel. His wife left him, and the headmaster his affair told him she was pregnant and the child’s father was Grady. But his unlucky things are not end yet, in the headmaster’s house after the party, he was bitten by the crazy dog. And his students James, in order to save him, James use the gun shot and kill the crazy dog. And then two people with a dead dog started to find......

Words: 725 - Pages: 3

Widget Wonders

...I have been thoroughly researching the best questions to ask when determining the hardware requirements for the workstations at the Widget Wonders Company and have settled on the following. I must admit that this has been tremendously hard for me as I have never designed a system for myself, much less an entire company. 1. How important is portability in your workstations and which departments would this be most crucial to? 2. Do you see the need for a system that is expandable in the future and if so in what areas are you anticipating the need? 3. Do you need the capability to network strictly in house or with the entire company, including any oversea locations? 4. Are you interested in leasing your hardware as opposed to buying? 5. What are some of your favorite things about your current system/least favorite? 6. How important an issue is security in your company? 7. Are there any workstations that would need access to all functions in the system versus workstations that might need limited access? 8. Will the company be maintaining its own website and will it need the ability to let your customers make purchases on-line? 9. What are your basic expectations for your new system and are there any systems that you have seen that you would like to possibly draw from in some ways such as suppliers or distributors? 10. Could you go through the steps in your business process from purchasing raw materials to shipping the finished......

Words: 299 - Pages: 2

Sense of Wonder

...Seeing the World With a Sense of Wonder . In Moore’s novel, Wild Comfort, she explains how significant contact with the natural world brings comfort to you and makes you have a sense of wonder. Significant contact with the world is anything from smelling, hearing, seeing, or touching the natural world. Throughout the book Moore has a sense of wonder and adventures off into nature. By interacting with nature, she’s able to make connections to her own life. She makes it clear that nature has a healing power and people should get in contact with it. Moore defines sacred as a “worthy of reverence and awe.” She strongly believes the world we live in is a sacred place. One of Moore’s experiments that she did, “The Happy Basket”, she discovered that “significant contact with the natural world” is a vital key ingredient to happiness. Each day Moore would write down what made her happy. A common thing that made her happy was taking part in the natural world. One of Moore’s happy moments was, “I’m lying on my back under ponderosa trees by Davis Lake…I had gone out to look for birds, but this is better, letting them come to me” (Moore 26). We are fortunate to have nature, but many take that for granted and just go on living their busy lives. Humans today should take a moment to pause and get in significant contact with the natural world. To take time to appreciate their surroundings. They need to see the bigger picture or you don’t know what’s going on. People need to take a......

Words: 540 - Pages: 3

The Underground Man

...The Underground Man is Hyperaware and very analytical which leads to him to suffer from inertia paralysis which is the failure to changeability. It makes him very unstable, inconsistent, and unreliable and leaves him subject to variation. Some would in this day say bipolar. There are no apparent reasons to the cause of this nor any motives to become of it that he can justify this inertia with. He feels like he can’t be or become anything which is a very detrimental way to think or be as a person. He also attacks the pleasures and elements of the world which causes him great misery. He often alternates between being a hero and being miserable because of this and if he is miserable he finds pleasure in his own misery and that of others as well. According to the Underground Man Russians and are better than the French and German because of their values grounding in reality. It seems that he fakes living because of the inability to be a person and compares himself to a bug, monkey, and other things of that nature. He wants friends but his misery it is just a phase for him. He claims the inability to act because there is no way for him to justify any of his actions so he succumbs to inertia and does not wish to change or is unable to change because he has accepted this. He has paralyzed himself by having to choose what decisions to make but he does not choose, so if he feels something needs to be done or he wants to do something but chooses not to do these things. He sits around......

Words: 869 - Pages: 4

Wonder Woman

...Golden Age Wonder Woman began in 1941 with the Amazon Princess Diana nursing American intelligence officer Steve Trevor back to health after he crashed on Themyscira Island. The Amazons decided that someone should go back to America with Steve to help with the battle in the outside world that was WWII. Wonder Woman won a contest which permitted her to leave Themyscira Island and head off to America with Steve Trevor. In America, Diana adopted the name "Diana Prince" and joined the army to help fight the Nazi's. Steve Trevor never knew that Diana Prince was also Princess Diana of Themyscira (kind of how Lois Lane never knew that Clark Kent was Superman). Soon after, she became secretary of the Justice Society of America reporting to Colonel Darnell of U.S. Military Intelligence. William Mouton Marston (creator of Wonder Woman) died in 1947 and Robert Kanigher became the new writer. He stayed pretty faithful to the original Wonder Woman scripts although there was considerably less attention given to Diana's Amazon background and the Greek Gods less frequently and more focus on her crime-fighting. The end of the Golden Age Wonder Woman came with the Comics Code Authority in 1954. From that point on (and for quite a while following), Wonder Woman’s character was no longer written as a strong, independent feminist. Instead they seemed to focus more on her love interests which included Merman and Birdman in addition to Steve Trevor. The Silver Age (which by some accounts began......

Words: 701 - Pages: 3

National Socialist Underground

... National Socialist Underground By Surname, Other Names Course Title Institutional Affiliation/Name Date of Submission ABSTRACT In recent times, terrorism has rocked so many countries of the world through several terrorist groups such as the Al-Qaeda group, the Boko Haram group, and the National Socialist Underground terrorist group. In Germany, the National Socialist Underground has been operating underground for thirteen years without knowledge of their existence. However, in November 2011, they were exposed after a bank robbery, and two of their main members killed near their parked camper. The third key member offered herself to the police after burning down the houses of the already killed members. The National Socialist Underground terrorist group operates in daylight, killing immigrants either in their workplace or in their place of business. The major aim of the National Socialist Underground terrorist group is to eliminate all immigrants in Germany with the claims that they are a threat to the society. Their main murder tactics is killing their victims point blank with a pistol. This study examines the operations of the National Socialist Underground and how their existence came to be known after 13 years of underground operations. National Socialist Underground Introduction In recent times, the prevalence of terrorism continues to be leading problem that affects the world. This is because terrorism greatly affected the......

Words: 4553 - Pages: 19

Argentina | or Learn More | Blackwood