Tlatelolco Massacre

In: Historical Events

Submitted By raphiki
Words 2204
Pages 9
History 151
28 March 2013
HIST 151: Final Essay

Tlatelolco Massacre

The Tlatelolco massacre was one of Mexico’s worst bloody events. It took place in the Plaza de las Tres Culturas (“Scare of the Three Cultures”) during the afternoon and night of October 2, 1968. Ten days before the Olympic Games, a group of 10,000 students decided to protest against the government’s oppression. Unfortunately the government sent the army to control the event and opened fire on the group of students and killed hundreds of them. All those innocent lives killed ten days before the opening ceremony of the 1968 Summer Olympic Games made a lot of noise in Mexico but also in the whole world. At that time, the Mexican propaganda controlled the media and let the citizens know that the group of students was hostile to the army, which explained the actions of the president and therefor the soldiers. The official paperwork was only available to the public in 2000. These documents got Gustavo Diaz Ordaz and Luis Echeverria, the Mexican president and his interior minister at that time in a lot of trouble, not only after the massacre but also after the publication of the government’s documents.

The book I chose is Massacre in Mexico (“La Noche de Tlatelolco”) written by Elena Poniatowska. The book takes place in Mexico City during the year of 1968. During this period, Mexico has many political repressions. At this time it is also a year of searching and aspirations by students and the labor sector as well. This book is a collection of testimonies about the student massacre that occurred on October 2nd, 1968. It relates the thoughts and the feeling of the people in favor of the student movement but also the point of view of couple of people against the strikers. It also talks about the reasons of the rebellion, the life of citizens after the event, and gives us the antecedents…...

Similar Documents

The Boston Massacre

...The Boston Massacre happened in March 5, 1770 during the evening. In the Boston Massacre, British soldiers killed five inhabitants and wounded six inhabitants. Captain Thomas Preston was responsible for the British soldiers which killed five inhabitants. Whether Captain Thomas Preston gave the order “fire” or not is a controversial issue. Although there are lots of witnesses who argued they were sure that he gave the order, there were also lots of witnesses who argued they were sure that he was not gave the “fire” order. Although the evidences not give us a certain idea that Captain Thomas Preston was guilty or not, because the evidences are controversial, evidences strongly suggest that he was not guilty, he presumably did not give the order “fire”. During the 1760s and the first days of the 1770s the tension in the Boston was high because of the Stamp Act and the other new taxes which were going to be applied, known as “Townshend Duties”. “… men such as Samuel Adams were encouraging their fellow Bostonians to be even bolder in their remonstrance.”(Wheeler, Becker & Glover, 84). Because of the inhabitant’s uneasy, the British government ordered some regiments of soldiers in Boston. However, bringing soldiers in the Boston did not bring the peace in the Boston; instead it increased the tension which was already ready to increase. The disputes between the soldiers and inhabitants started slowly, but by bid. There was a reaction to the soldiers as well as to the British......

Words: 1610 - Pages: 7

Rosewood Massacre

...The Rosewood massacre was a violent, racially motivated conflict that took place during the first week of January 1923 in rural Levy County, Florida, United States. At least six blacks and two whites were killed, and the town of Rosewood was abandoned and destroyed in what contemporary news reports characterized as a race riot. Racial disturbances were common during the early 20th century in the United States, reflecting the nation's rapid social changes. Florida had an especially high number of lynchings in the years before the massacre, including a well-publicized incident in December 1922.[ Racial unrest and violence against African Americans permeated domestic developments in the United States during the post-World War I era. From individual lynchings to massive violence against entire black communities, whites in both the North and the South lashed out against black Americans with a rage that knew few bounds. From Chicago to Tulsa, to Omaha, East St. Louis, and many communities in between, and finally to Rosewood, white mobs pursued what can only be described as a reign of terror against African Americans during the period from 1917 to 1923. In Chicago, Illinois, for example, law and order was suspended for 13 days in July 1919 as white mobs made foray after foray into black neighborhoods, killings and wounding 365 black residents and leaving another 1,000 homeless. In June 1921, the black section of Tulsa, Oklahoma, was almost burned out and thousands were left......

Words: 315 - Pages: 2

Amritsar Massacre

...do sources tell us about the Amritsar Massacre and how does this compare to how the film portrays it? Amritsar Massacre or “Jallianwala Bagh massacre’’, as it took place in on the 13th of April 1919 in Jallianwala Bagh garden in Amritsar, a city located in the north of India. General Reginald Edward Dyer had announced before 13 April that ‘’ any processions or gatherings of four men will be looked upon and treated as an unlawful assembly and dispersed by force of arms if necessary’’ (Cavendish, R., 2009). In the enclosed compound were about 5000 to 20 000 Indians according to different sources(Bose, P., & Lyons, L.,1999) They were in fact protesting peacefully against the “Rowlatt act” concerning the right of appeal for the people involved in seditious activities. Dyer placed the military vehicles in front of the only door of the garden and ordered the shooting of all the unarmed civilians. The shooting lasted until the British armed men ran out of ammunition. In fact, the military used approximately 1650 rounds of ammunition, killing 379 civilians and wounding 1136 others (Bose, P., & Lyons, L., 1999). The Amritsar Massacre is considered as a major turning point that led the British government to consider the possible independence of the Indian State as the massacre became source of controversies between the British officials and the Indian nationalists. All sources state clearly that the British government condemned the massacre and qualified it as ‘’unbritish’’.......

Words: 704 - Pages: 3

The June Forth Massacre

...university students used non-violent ways such as sit-in, the student’s strike and hunger strike to urge the government make changes in China .They listed some suggestions(“Seven demands“)including democratic reformation, a vindication of Hu and other five points for the government. However, the government did not take the suggestions into consideration and accused the students as extremely small segments of opportunists overthrowing the Communist Party and the political system. Finally the government declared the martial law and cleared the Tiananmen Square by killing protestors. The Tiananmen Square Protest was ended after the June Forth Massacre. Hong Kong plays an important role on the movement as she supported the activists on Tiananmen and still keep fighting for democratic development in China and vindication of June Fourth massacre. During the period from April to May on 1989, there were lots of activities organized in Hong Kong in order to support the democratic movement in Tiananmen. For example, The Hong Kong Federation Of Students sent 4 members to Beijing so as to understand the situation, 1,500,000 hongkongers took part in Chinese Around the Globe Demonstration, one million people joined demonstration in Hong Kong to support the students in Tiananmen, a fund raising activity for the protest in Tiananmen called “Concert For Democracy In China” was hold at Happy Valley Racecourse etc. After the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of......

Words: 1311 - Pages: 6

Boston Massacre

...The Boston Massacre was an event, which led to the death of five colonists after British soldiers when ordered to fire upon them on March 5th, 1770. Much controversy surrounds the incident, as there seems to be a few different stories of what truly happened. Regardless, many people believe the Boston Massacre was the spark that ignited the Revolutionary War. My efforts will be focused on figuring our what really happened, and what events caused the British officers to shoot into the crowd of colonists. The incident took place on King Street (which is now called State Street today), on an early morning on the 5th of March in front of the British Sentry called Private Hugh White. Edward Gerrish, an apprentice of a wigmakers, began yelling at a British officer, lieutenant John Goldfinch for an unpaid bill. Gerrish left, but eventually came back hours later and began throwing rocks at the lieutenant. Soon, many colonists joined in and threw rocks themselves. At this point, Goldfinch had reached his boiling point, and challenged Gerrish before striking him with his musket. As the evening progressed, the crowd outside the sentry grew larger and larger and continued to harass the British officers. Meanwhile, Captain Thomas Preston overlooked the entire situation as it escalated. He immediately ordered 8 soldiers to help control the situation before it got out of hand. As the soldiers approached, with muskets loaded, the crowd of nearly 400 began to surround the outnumbered......

Words: 544 - Pages: 3

Texas Chainsaw Massacre

...The Texas Chainsaw 3D (aka The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 3D) is a 2013 American slasher film directed by John Luessenhop and written by Debra Sullivan and Adam Marcus. It is the seventh film in the Texas Chainsaw Massacre franchise, and was presented in 3-D. The film stars Alexandra Daddario, Dan Yeager, Tremaine Neverson, Tania Raymonde, Thom Barry, Paul Rae, and Bill Moseley. Texas Chainsaw 3D follows a young girl named Heather, who is travelling to Texas with her friends to collect an inheritance from her deceased grandmother, whom she had never met. centers on Heather, who discovers that she was adopted after learning of an inheritance from a long-lost grandmother. She subsequently takes a road trip with her friends to collect the inheritance, unaware that it includes her cousin, Leatherface, as well. Filming began in the summer of July 2011, with Kirsten Elms and Luessenhop providing rewrites to the script. The Texas Chainsaw 3D full movie was released on January 4, 2013. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre is an American horror franchise consisting of seven slasher films, comics and a video game adaptation of the original film. The original Texas Chainsaw Massacre full movie, directed by Tobe Hooper and written and produced by Hooper and Kim Henkel, was released in 1974. Hooper also directed the first sequel to the original film; however, the other sequels have had various writers and directors attached to them. Hooper has not had any direct involvement with the rest of the......

Words: 278 - Pages: 2

Nanking Massacre

...It has been more than seventy years since the Nanking atrocity of 1937-38. This event is better known as the “Rape of Nanking” or “Nanking Massacre” (Wakabayashi). Even today, there is no healthy dialogue between the countries of China and Japan in regards to the atrocity that occurred there so long ago. The last time that there were any concessions made in regards to the atrocities in China were during and after World War II. Much of the historiography has been limited due the amount of silence that has been present throughout the world. Because of this, research about the atrocity had just recently begun to surface. Due to this fact, there are many factors that are brought into question when looking specifically at a historical event, especially one that is tied to such brutal emotion. The authors I have chosen each attempt to explain why there has been such a delay in Nanking’s historiography and at the same time attempt to explain what actually occurred there in 1937-38. I selected three books for this paper. The first is The Nanking Atrocity 1937-38 by Bob Tadashi Wakabayashi. The book was released on the 70th anniversary of the fall of the Chinese city of Nanking to the Japanese army. The perspective offered is by majority non-American with the exception being two contributors. Wakabayashi discusses what lies at the core of bitter disputes over history, wartime victimization, and postwar restitution that hinder healthy Sino-Japanese relations to this day. The Nanking...

Words: 2541 - Pages: 11

Prevention of a School Massacre

...Betty Waltermire Crime and Criminology JUS-110 December 4, 2013 Prevention of a School Massacre One thing we have learned from numerous school shootings is; anyone can and will continue to enter educational facilities, begin shooting at random, killing whomever is in their way. On the surface it would be presumed the shooter would be trying to prove something or convey a message. Every shooter was different in the fact that very few survived. Those who did survive was tried and convicted. The ones that did not survive, their reason may never be known. The people who knew them best are being asked to make a guess as to why. (Becerra, Linke, Molina, & Carey, 2012)These disasters happen with more frequency, people are coming to grips that it is the impossible task to stop these shootings. As a consultant to the Estancia Public School system on how to make the schools safer, give them security and safety for the children. The town has some people who are in the group of people who are definitely slower in mental aptitudes and the parents are the same way. There are young, aggressive males that could turn to crime very easily. These youth have nothing in this town, they are considered delinquent, disadvantaged because of economy, a lot drop out of high school, and there are no jobs. The question of the shooters mental health has come up during the most current disasters. It seems to...

Words: 732 - Pages: 3

The Katyn Forest Massacre

...KATYN FOREST MASSACRE Caroline Miller Luzerne County Community College HIS 102: Western Civilization II Word Count: 1,024 Katyn Forest Massacre On April 13, 1943, as families were sitting home listening to their radios to hear more news about the war that was occurring around them, a tragic announcement was made. A grave had been discovered in Katyn Forest in a small wooded area near Gneizdovo village, a short distance from Smolensk, Russia. The grave contained thousands of Polish corpses, and the deaths were at the hands of the Soviets. In August of 1939, German forces formed a nonaggression pact known as the German-Soviet Pact with the Soviet Union. This pact stated that Poland would be split between Germany and the Soviet Union. By doing so, Germany could invade Poland without the fear of the Soviet army intervening. On September 1, Germany began their attack on Poland. They defeated Poland troops within a matter of weeks. Once they had defeated the front line, they took their invasion farther into Poland. They broke through more Polish defenses and started their attack on Warsaw. Warsaw surrendered on September 27, 1939. During their invasion, France and Britain declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939 in an effort to protect Poland. Despite their pact, the Soviet Union then invaded eastern Poland on September 27, 1939, the same day Warsaw surrendered to the Germans. “The demarcation line for the partition of German- and Soviet-occupied Poland was along......

Words: 1188 - Pages: 5

Massacre of Tlatelolco

...been suppressing the people far too much and it was a matter of time before these tensions blew. The events that took place as a result, in the Plaza de las Tres Culturas was to protest government actions and “It was in this vacuum, that the students injected their demands, aspirations, and desires that were not exclusively of their interest, but also of interest of the campesinos, workers, intellectuals and political parties” (Carey p.29). In order to better understand what happened that day in the Plaza de las Tres Culturas I will be providing background as to what led to the protest, the ideologies, the strategies and forms of organization in the movement as well as a summary of what happened that day known as the Tlatelolco Massacre. The Tlatelolco Massacre took place on October 2, 1968 in the Plaza de las Tres Culturas in Mexico City. A student movement arose here as a reaction to violent repression and dissatisfaction with the regime of the PRI. A peaceful demonstration organized by the Consejo Nacional de Huelga (CNH) was orchestrated in which over 10,000 university and high school students gathered together with support from independent labor unions, farmers and locals alike. The idea behind the movement was to promote social, educational, political reforms and justice. With the 1968 summer Olympics approaching the CNH saw this as an opportunity to harness the attention and make their demonstrations gain publicity of the injustice of the Mexican government. Among......

Words: 1194 - Pages: 5

Boston Massacre

... Boston Massacre | The Rebellion of the American People | By Sarah Burgess, James Kresa, Ryan Flynn, and Nick Zappier | | HIS 101 Prof Sundell HIS 101 Prof Sundell There are many things that are considered for leading to the American Revolution and one idea is that of oppression. Oppression is defined as “unjust or cruel exercise of authority or power” and “something that oppresses especially in being an unjust or excessive exercise of power.” (Merriam-Webster, 2014) Many colonists were dissatisfied with the Townsend Acts, which imposed import taxes, on things such as tea, glass, paper and other products from England. This was adding tension, along with the presence of British troops in the city of Boston. Rebellion was becoming evident among colonists, who felt that the British were making too strong of a presence and trying to have too much control over them. In reference to our first document, “A Monumental Inscription on the Fifth of March,” Isaiah Thomas details his disgust for the release of the murderous behavior of the British soldiers. He shares his feelings how justice may have not been served here by the court appointed judges, but it will be served in Hell. This article shows how many felt how the British were not held responsible for the slaughter deaths of the five colonists and the injuries of others. The colonists felt they had the right to protest the presence of the British troops and the unfair taxes. Thomas expresses the frustration of......

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

Clash of Cultures: the Deerfield Massacre

...Clash of Cultures: The Deerfield Massacre Queen Anne’s War, was a second in a series of wars fought between Great Britain and France in North America for control of the continent. Twelve years of fighting between the Spanish in Florida, the French in the North American interior, the English on the coast, and different Native American tribes, that aligned themselves with one group or another, finally came to an end with an English victory. This success gave the English a base on the Hudson Bay, furthering their expansion into North American. It also, brought into play a period of relative peace in Europe that allowed France and England to increase their hold on positions in the New World. However over time the increasing strengths of the economic and social qualities of the English colonies would eventually threaten the French further. The raid of Deerfield, a western outpost of Massachusetts, was one of the bloodiest events of Queen Anne’s War. The raid took place February 29, 1704. Deerfield was a tiny frontier settlement, and was well aware of the fight between the French and English for control of the North American continent. Precautionary measures were taken and the people stayed within the town’s tall wooden walls, along with the group of twenty militia men sent by the governors of Connecticut and Massachusetts. These militia men arrived and settled in on February 24, 1704. This brought the total of Deerfield’s population to about 291 people. However prepared...

Words: 849 - Pages: 4

My Lai Massacre

...Tristen Epling Cristina Trapani-Scott ENG 101 24 November 2014 My Lai Massacre The My Lai Massacre happened on March 16, 1968 in the village of My Lai, South Vietnam. The Vietnam war was fought between North and South Vietnam and it was about stopping the spread of Communism, which was greatly feared around the world. Especially in America. Anti-Communist countries like France and America backed South Vietnam the best they could, while countries like China and Russia supported North Vietnam. America fought for eleven years even though the war lasted much longer. In January of 1968, a division of American soldiers called Charlie Company made a base in the Quang Ngai Province, South Vietnam. Charlie Company believed that the Quang Ngai Province was full of Vietcong, or North Vietnamese. Earlier in March several Generals fell into a boobie trap, set by the Vietcong, killing one and injuring the others. The division became angered and were encouraged to be aggressive in their next encounter with the enemy. On March 16th, 1968, the 11th Bridge of Charlie Company was airlifted to My Lai Village, under the control of Lieutenant William L. Calley. He believed that the village was a hideout for the Vietcong. Civilians were supposed to be evacuated to safety, although before the operation took place, Captain Eugene Kotouc addressed his troops saying, “Any civilians remaining in the villages would be considered Vietcong or actively sympathetic to the Vietcong,” At 7:22 a.m.......

Words: 2073 - Pages: 9

Jonestown Massacre

...On November 18, 1978, in what is known as the “Jonestown Massacre,” more than 900 members of an American cult died in a mass suicide-murder under their leader Jim Jones. The mass suicide-murder took place at the Jonestown settlement in the South American nation of Guyana. James founded what turned into the Peoples Temple. Jones moved to Guyanese jungle where he made the Peoples Temple into what was supposed to be a real life paradise. Who would've thought that a gift from Heaven would later on turn out to be a gift from Hell in 1978. Jim Jones began his own religion at a young age and he often visited different churches in his area. As Jones’s knowledge grew on religions he began taking what he learned and going to houses preaching and he also preached to younger children. He was no normal teenage boy he wasn’t so much into sports, he believed to be sinful, he liked to drink and dance. After he had gathered a good amount of followers he had developed a church of his own. Jones was the leader of his church named, “the Peoples Temple” and he demanded loyalty and preached sacrifice. He believed the American Capitalism was the reason for unhealthy balance in the world. The rich had too much money and the poor worked to hard to try to get money. The Peoples Temple helped people find jobs and was suppose to be fair. Jones church was growing and was very successful, until investigations began and Jones decided it was time to move the Peoples Temple to a different location. Jim......

Words: 948 - Pages: 4

Colfax Massacre

...“On this site occurred the Colfax Riot in which three white men and 150 negroes were slain. This event on April 13, 1873 marked the end of carpetbag misrule in the South.”[1] This is what is on the official historical marker located in Colfax, Louisiana, the stage that once played out the bloody Colfax massacre. This day occurred during the Reconstruction period and is one example of the increased violence against blacks after the Civil War and after slavery had been abolished. The 1872 election for the governor of Louisiana had come to have two victorious candidates. The Republican nomination William P. Kellogg and the Democratic nomination John McEnery the federal government stepped in and formally commanded William P. Kellogg as governor, though this had not deterred McEnery’s passion to also act as governor. Therefore both governors had inaugural balls separately held in their honor in January of 1873. It wasn’t until after the Mardi Gras celebrations of that year, the governor was to appoint liable candidates into differing local positions. Republicans and Democrats both solicited Kellogg for control of Grant Parish. Kellogg had ultimately appointed R. C. Register, a black man, as the parish judge and Daniel Shaw as the sheriff to the parish. Both of whom were Republicans and supporters of Kellogg. [2] The prior governor, Warmouth, had placed Alphonse Cazabat as judge and Christopher Columbus Nash as sheriff in the parish, both had been supporters of the Confederacy.......

Words: 1096 - Pages: 5

Aanvaardt voorstellen | Lao People's Democratic Republic | Властелин колец: Братство кольца