Ttip

In: Business and Management

Submitted By atikazeda
Words 461
Pages 2
Zona Perdagangan Bebas Terbesar, Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership

Fenomena globalisasi ekonomi di dalam perdagangan internasional terus mengalami peningkatan yang signifikan. Pasar perdagangan bebas menjadi primadona dalam kancah global. Hambatan tarif, pajak barang masuk dan keluar, hingga biaya-biaya ekternalitas menjadi halangan besar bagi paling tidak para pelaku ekonomi yang menginginkan keuntungan bisnis sebesar-besarnya dengan proses perpindahan barang, jasa, maupun capital berjalan lancar dari satu negara ke negara lain. Kerjasama dalam perdagangan bebas dinilai mampu mendorong kelancaran aktivitas ekonomi dan bisnis untuk meraup keuntungan yang lebih besar. Atas pertimbangan inilah dua aktor adi daya ekonomi pemilik jumlah GDP terbesar di dunia; Uni Eropa dan Amerika Serikat, menginisiasikan perjanjian zona perdagangan bebas terbesar di dunia pada bulan Februari 2013 lalu. Perdagangan bebas ini akan berada di dalam rangkaian Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) yang optimis terlaksana pada tahun ini.
Presiden Obama, Presiden Dewan Eropa Herman Van Rompuy, dan Presiden Komisi Eropa Jose Manuel Barroso menyatakan komitmen untuk membangun hubungan perdagangan bebas ini bukan sekedar tujuan kemakmuran. Melalui negosiasi ini, Amerika Serikat dan Uni Eropa akan memiliki kesempatan tidak hanya untuk memperluas perdagangan dan investasi melintasi Atlantik, tetapi juga untuk berkontribusi pada pengembangan aturan global yang dapat memperkuat sistem perdagangan multilateral. Diberlakukannya T-TIP ini akan membuka jutaan lapangan kerja baru di kedua kawasan dan berarti akan meliberalisasi sepertiga dari perdagangan dunia.
Berdasarkan perhitungan perjanjian ini nantinya akan meningkatkan pertumbuhan ekonomi UE sebesar 0.5% dan AS sebesar 0.4% per tahunnya. Komisaris Perdagangan Uni Eropa, Karel De Gucht, mengatakan bahwa kesepakatan…...

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