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Words 1246

Pages 5

The paper investigates the use of computer aided instruction (CAI) in teaching and learning mathematics. It also explores the use of Instructional Materials Aided Methods (IMAM) as a close substitute. From the study, it was clear that computer-aided instruction enhanced the students performance in mathematics The design of the study was experimental. The hypothesis were tested using T-ratio at 0.05 level of significance and a reliability index of 0.85 was calculated from the test items; while the data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation.

Introduction

One of the problems of teaching and learning is the method of imparting knowledge to learners. According to stone (1991), the major difficulty in sciences is the method by which the subjects were customarily taught without regard to instructional materials. The pedagogical approach in imparting knowledge to learners has become inadequate to their needs.

Mathematics, like other science subjects, recorded poor students performance both in national and international examination (Ali, 1983). Many factors contributed to the performance of students in mathematics examination Akale, (1996), Okebukola and Jegede (1996), Ottiah (1997) and Ali (1998). The factors include:

a. Inability of the mathematics teachers to put across the mathematics concepts to the students.

b. Lack of skills and competence required for teaching mathematics.

c. Shortage of qualified mathematics teachers.

d. Lack of teaching materials and equipments.

The above problems confronting the teaching and learning of mathematics can be handled using Computer Aided Instruction (CAI). Computer Aided Instruction is a learning process in which students interacts with and is guided by a computer through the course of study aimed at achieving certain instructional goals (Eke 1988). The use of computer in teaching and learning has become…...

...and manage information (Tinio, 2004). This technology include computers, the interest, broad casting technology (such as radio and television), and telephony according to O’leary & O’ leary (2004) refers to a communication process that uses the interest rather than traditional communication lines to connect two or more people via telephone. Thus, Information and Communication Technology is a technology that merges computing with high speed communication links carrying data, sound and videos. As a powerful tool for information dissemination, ICT has a wide variety of application and usage. It is used in such places as industries, banks, homes, military, Agriculture and education. In education, the application of ICT can be viewed in three perspectives, namely administrative and counseling tools; object of instruction and as a vehicle of instruction. As applied to administrative and counseling activities, ICT is used in planning of admission, record keeping, grading of scripts as well as in computer. Assisted Academic Counseling. In computer Assisted Academic Counseling; a computer package is designed specially to assist counselors to do their job effectively. It helps to assist individuals to eliminate inhibiting behaviours such as impatience, test, anxiety, procrastination, laziness, low academic achievement. (O’Leary & O’Leary, 2004). The application of ICT as an object of instruction involves teaching and learning of the concept of ICT and ICT- related technologies......

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...PGCE Secondary Mathematics: Assignment 1 – The Teaching and Learning of Mathematics Part 1: The Nature and Place of Mathematics in the School Curriculum When I studied maths at secondary school I had no real understanding of its importance in our society, I enjoyed the satisfaction of solving problems but, like many young people, believed that maths was going to be unnecessary in the real world. As an adult it became abundantly clear to me that mathematics was a vital component in not just personal success but in the success of society. The notion of what mathematics should be taught and how it should be taught differs dramatically between different educational ideologies; Industrial Pragmatist, Mathematical Purists, Progressive Educator and Social Reformer. These ideologies are not real groups or organisations but represent the competing influences in mathematics education. “The industrial pragmatists see mathematics as an established collection of very useful techniques and skills that can be applied to a large range of technical and scientific contexts.” (Johnston-Wilder, Johnston-Wilder, Primm, & Lee, 2011) Mathematics is needed in the school curriculum for the prosperity of our country; industry needs the future workforce to have the necessary skills to push the economy forward. For this reason it is seen as important for education to provide good standards of numeracy, data handling skills and use of ICT. Although I acknowledge this is an important......

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...Teaching Mathematics to Visual-Spatial Learners Mathematics presents a number of challenges for learners that are challenged with auditory-sequential processing. Many topics in mathematics are often presented within a very verbal classroom environment. Solution methods are commonly presented in a stepwise process and build on previous knowledge. Visual-spatial learners identify with the presentation of an entire idea over a sum of its parts, and so adapting instructional methods with these learners in mind can help contribute to their success. VSLs also value seeing over listening, and actively create visual images when processing speech, so when only auditory queues are available, using very descriptive language is helpful. (Dixon, 1983) Various higher order outcomes revolve around problem solving, which can be a difficult task for anyone facing learning challenges, but for visual learners spatial reasoning can be used to their advantage. Presenting problems in two or three dimensions can allow students to visualize the problem in real space. Using physical manipulative, such as a mira for geometric reflections or algebra tiles for polynomial representations, provide concrete benefits. Pattern seeking and functional reasoning can be native skills in VSLs, so emphasis on graphing functions over strict numerical expressions can provide more meaningful insight into mathematical expressions. However, monotonous tasks like plotting ordered pairs will cause these students to......

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...be powerful learning and educating tool, but schools must first ask themselves if they have the resources, not only the material but also human resources, to afford and maintain such expensive equipment . This can lead to students and teachers competing for such resources, which can only affect badly to the school environment. While technology can be a great addition to the classroom, it also can be a source of frustration for both teachers and... Continues for 1 more page » ------------------------------------------------- Disadvantages: There could appear technical problems lack of IT skills both teachers and students Mixed ability- some students are advanced and some are slow Classroom management-teacher could find it difficult to draw students' attention Slow Internet connection ------------------------------------------------- Not always appropriate materials for students The Disadvantages of iPads in the Classroom: * No ideal workflow solution. As of yet, there is no ideal workflow solution that easily incorporates all aspects of teaching; particularly, there is no one resource that allows for students to create and submit work, and for teachers to easily receive, organize, grade, and return that work. Normally, performing a multitude of tasks requires the use of several different apps. In many cases, this might create more work than just receiving paper copies of work and grading it in the traditional way. * Wi-Fi issues. iPad use in the......

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...TITLE PAGE THE ROLE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN TEACHING AND LEARNING OF MATHEMATICS IN FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (FCE), ZARIA KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA BY NAME | REG NUMBER | USMAN HAUWA | EZ/11/MACO/008 | MICHAEL GOTOM HELEN | EZ/11/MACO/036 | AKUBO OMERA ISAIAH | EZ/11/MACO/043 | SARKI DORATHY BELLO | EZ/11/MACO/089 | IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE AWARD OF NIGERIA CERTIFICATE IN EDUCATION (NCE), DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS, SCHOOL OF SCIENCE, FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, ZARIA JULY, 2014 APROVAL PAGE This project has been read and approved as meeting the requirement for the Award of Nigeria Certificate in Education in the School of Science, Mathematics Department, Federal College of Education, Zaria. ____________________________ _____________________ MAL. UMAR ISAH OHIMEGE DATE PROJECT SUPERVISOR _________________________ _______________________ MAL. SANI SAIDU DATE PROJECT COORDINATOR _________________________ _______________________ SHETTIMA MUSTAPHA DATE HEAD OF DEPARTMENT DEDICATION We whole-heartedly dedicate this research study to God Almighty for His guidance, protection, care and infinite mercy that He bestrode upon us throughout the period of our study, who is the sources of wisdom and knowledge. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We whole-heartedly thank God Almighty for the opportunity He has granted to us to complete this piece of work successfully and for his......

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...Statement of the Problem The main purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a Computer – Assisted Instructional (CAI) material on the selected topics in Physics among the fourth year students of PHILSAGA High School Foundation, Inc, Bayugan 3, Rosario, Agusan del Sur. Specifically, the study aimed to answer the following questions: 1. How was the computer – assisted instruction on the selected topics in physics developed? 2. How did the students evaluate the CAI material according to: a. objective b. content c. delivery system d. instructional design and quality; and e. technical quality? 3. How did the teachers evaluate the CAI material according to: a. objective b. content c. delivery system d. instructional design and quality; and e. technical quality? Significance of the Study The teacher plays an important role in student’s learning. It is only when learning takes place that education exists. To be more effective is to impart effective methods on the essence of teaching, that is, for the learner noting also all-important aspects that will benefit all concerned. Thus, the researcher is convinced that the results of the study will be essential to: Curriculum Experts. This will serve as basis in planning an enriched curriculum in a way that the students can cope up with the technological needs in the society. The effectiveness of the school program also lies on the kind of curriculum it follows. School Supervisors and Administrators.......

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...Teaching Mathematics Teaching Mathematics My interest in teaching mathematics came from the experience of helping others. I have always enjoyed learning math, and I realized that I also like helping other people learn math, especially those that struggle with it or those who have a disliking for it. As a teacher, I will be able to fulfill my aspirations; both my students and I will learn together and from one another. I feel that it is important for me, as a teacher, to stay current and deepen my understanding of mathematics and mathematics education. My learning will continue from my experiences and interactions as a teacher, helping me to become a better educator. I must always be willing to learn from the things I do and use this to better my teaching style, which will, in turn, benefit my students’ learning. To begin, I want to be able to benefit my students’ learning by aiding them in understanding math and realizing that, although they may not think so, math is practical in real life. In particular, I want to work with students at the secondary grade level because as kids get older they seem to lose their enthusiasm for learning, especially in mathematics. I would like to help my students maintain an interest in all their learning, especially math. Also, it is important when teaching to satisfy the needs of all students in the classroom. Everyone should have the opportunity to learn. However, this can sometimes be a difficult task because learning happens in a......

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...project, develop a story of your own learning – and teaching – journey. If you are not currently teaching you may, nonetheless, write about what you will or would do in the future, or indeed what you might have done differently in the past. This course, “Foundations of Teaching for Learning: Introduction” has had such a great impact on my learning and approach to teaching. I have been amazed at a number of the concepts/ideas that I have been introduced to in this course. Even though I have a background in Mathematics Education from the University of Cape Coast, Ghana, a number of the things dealt with in this course have helped shaped my perspective in teaching and learning. I teach Mathematics in Grade 10 – 12 in a High School in Ghana. Among the many ideas that have been discussed, one that I have looked at with keen interest and has had lots of impact on my learning as well as my approach to teaching is, “The World of Childhood”. This concept basically explains the three worlds of childhood, the interactions between them and the effect they have on teaching and learning. They are; The Academic world, The Social World and the Cyber (internet, ICT etc.) world (John Macbeath, 2015). From the lectures, the role of every teaching is to make connections meaningfully among these three worlds. As a mathematics teacher, this concept has helped me to relate my teaching to the other worlds in which the child is found. In carrying out instruction, I include a number of ICT......

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...situation has become the guiding principle in the teaching of mathematics as indicated by the statement. Mathematics lessons do not concentrate on teaching numeracy skills but inculcating certain skills among learners that will help them to coincide with the existing societal demands. Analysis Constructivism theory in teaching of mathematics Constructivism is a theory that gives insight to educational stakeholders on how to manage the learning and teaching process. According to the theory, a learner defines the direction of the learning process. According to Gordon (2009) constructivism suggests that without a learner there will be no form of schooling in the society. These arguments are based on heuristic concept in the teaching and learning process. Gordon (2009) indicates that the heuristic concept is the suggestion that teachers should guide learners in a fact finding mission. The role of the teacher is to create an environment that supports student self-discovery. According to the theory, a student is supposed to learn content from his own perspective (Gordon, 2009). This therefore creates conflict in the learning teaching process because teachers have been trained in mastery of content and pedagogy. Conventionally, teachers are supposed to control the learning process since they have more experience and they have undergone training that is supposed to make them to predict the expected outcome from a certain learning experience. However, the constructive approach......

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...Int. J. Engng Ed. Vol. 14, No. 2, p. 145±152, 1998 Printed in Great Britain. 0949-149X/91 $3.00+0.00 # 1998 TEMPUS Publications. Teaching Mathematics to Engineering Students* S. S. SAZHIN School of Engineering, University of Brighton, Cockcroft Building, Moulsecoomb, Brighton BN2 4GL, UK Some new ideas in teaching mathematics to engineering students and the implementation of these ideas into the teaching of mechanical engineering students at Brighton University are discussed. The importance of explaining to the students why knowledge of mathematics is essential for their future practical work is emphasized. Mathematics is a language for expressing physical, chemical and engineering laws and general equations should be illustrated by practical numerical examples in order to transfer the surface/atomistic approach to learning to the deep/holistic one. Necessary steps in the manipulation of algebraic equations should be highlighted. Formal lecturers should be supplemented by compulsory reading, handouts, elements of small group teaching and formative assessment. The analysis of self-assessment forms completed by students show that they learn physical concepts much easier than mathematical concepts. forget what we are told but never forget what we see or discover for ourselves!' It was clear that I made at least two mistakes in designing my course. Firstly, the theory was indeed not properly balanced with practical applications. Secondly, the need for...

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...TEACHING SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND TECHNOLOGY Teaching Should Be Consistent With the Nature of Scientific Inquiry Science, mathematics, and technology are defined as much by what they do and how they do it as they are by the results they achieve. To understand them as ways of thinking and doing, as well as bodies of knowledge, requires that students have some experience with the kinds of thought and action that are typical of those fields. Teachers, therefore, should do the following: Start With Questions About Nature Sound teaching usually begins with questions and phenomena that are interesting and familiar to students, not with abstractions or phenomena outside their range of perception, understanding, or knowledge. Students need to get acquainted with the things around them—including devices, organisms, materials, shapes, and numbers—and to observe them, collect them, handle them, describe them, become puzzled by them, ask questions about them, argue about them, and then to try to find answers to their questions. Engage Students Actively Students need to have many and varied opportunities for collecting, sorting and cataloging; observing, note taking and sketching; interviewing, polling, and surveying; and using hand lenses, microscopes, thermometers, cameras, and other common instruments. They should dissect; measure, count, graph, and compute; explore the chemical properties of common substances; plant and cultivate; and systematically observe the......

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...technological equipment. In this 20th century, a years of information and revolution, computer appears as one of the most powerful all purpose and unique tool which is used in the world and also in our country nowadays. Computer is often use in companies, factories, hall, supermarkets, schools as well as in our house. It is said that using this tool makes work efficient, accurate, and with less effort. In companies, computer is used in business transactions, payrolls, inventories, and many more. Computer is also used at home for teaching and aids in attaining educational purpose for the benefits of the students. Computer can assist one in a particular subject. The best example of this is the (CAI)Computer – Assisted Instruction which contains several instructions for the readers. CAI is a computer based instructional programs for individual learners. The term most often refers to drill and practice , tutorial , or simulation exercises used as stand – alone instruction or as supplementary materials, a more recent term is e – learning. Background of the study Department of Education conducted many seminars to educate the teachers and be familiarize to modern technology particularly to computers .They provided books and other materials for the teachers such as lesson plan , modules and ......

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...INTRODUCTION Background to the study ICT (information and communication technologies) in education lives a life at the crossroads between evidence based policymaking, learning and the fast-changing world of technology. Key stakeholders (politicians, parents, teachers, school leaders) demand evidence of the impact of ICT derived from research, monitoring and evaluation (Friedrich and Francesc, 2009). The challenge for policymakers is (in collaboration with the research community and the educational community) to develop a sustainable knowledge base for ICT in education, in which key indicators and other sources of information are identified, which enables better insight into the use and effects of ICT for learning. Technology has been said to have impacted many different types of people in different types of environments as a dynamic communication tool. For instance, Ali and Richardson (2012) explained that technology has pervaded all aspects of society and the field of education is no exception, the learning and teaching environment has also changed drastically. Technology has impacted on teaching and learning activities, and it is now seen increasingly as an enabler of learning. Morgan (2008) added that technology is no longer the wave of the future, the future is now. This generation has been classified by Prensky (2001) as “Digital Natives” and students who have been born into and are totally immersed in an environment that is surrounded by technology. Technology......

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...strong science program in all levels. So, the teaching of science should be effectively earned out so as to satisfy the National Development Goals. Science is a multifaceted subject, limitless in extent and depth, vital for science and technology, and rich in the cultural import. It offers a lot of challenges to an individual. In school, however, some students find the subject dull and difficult. More so, science in general, is even considered by many as uninteresting or boring subject if not difficult or not applicable into their daily lives. The performance of the pupils depends largely on quality of the teaching competencies of their teacher. A competent teacher learns to build effective learning situation and to select teaching methods/strategies to guarantee maximum retention and application of the earning that are achieved. According to Wikipedia, strategy refers to all techniques by which the teachers structure the learning environment so that the students are led to discover what they are supposed to discover. Teachers use a wide variety of techniques to elicit information from the students. In view of this, the teacher must determine effective strategies that would suit to the interest, abilities and needs of the students. The researcher believes that the games could be an effective strategy in teaching science in elementary schools. Statement of the Problem The study aims to find out the effectiveness of using games in teaching selected topics in Science to......

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...“AFFECTIVE AND NON-AFFECTIVE VARIABLES AS DETERMINANTS OF LEARNING OUTCOMES AND STUDY HABITS OF SPECIAL SCIENCE CLASSES (SSC) STUDENTS IN ADVANCED BIOLOGY AT BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL, ACADEMIC YEAR 2011-2012” _______________________________________ A Chapter I Proposal to the College of Education Bataan Peninsula State University (Balanga Campus) City of Balanga, Bataan _______________________________________ In Partial Fulfillment of the Course Requirement in Educational Research (EDUC 115) Bachelor in Secondary Education Major in Biological Science _____________________________________ By: TONY R. GAÑALONGO February 07, 2012 CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction The world today is experiencing a rapid change in almost all fields of endeavor. Science has brought many changes in people’s lifestyle. It’s difficult if not impossible to live today and not experience the results of science investigations. Everyday occurrences such as hearing the weather forecast, watching television, talking on the telephone, and flying through the air are made possible through science. These are handiworks of scientists and proofs that science has become highly important in our lives and continue to change our lives and lead us to progress. In education the center of any educative process is the learner. Since it is the task of the teacher to guide the students’ learning at various activities and stages of development, there is a need to......

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