Ways of Knowing

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By mwyllys
Words 1096
Pages 5
Michael Wyllys
Ways of Knowing

I firmly grasped my patient’s hand with my own, her breathing rattled through the oxygen mask with each labored gasp. The tourniquet tightly wrapped around her forearm, I ran the alcohol wipe over the precious vein that popped up on the top of her hand. Taking an artist’s grip of the IV catheter, I inserted the needle at a 45-degree angle into the vein. Once seeing the flash of blood in the catheter, the angle was lowered and the needle was advanced ever so slightly more to ensure the catheter had penetrated the lumen. I slipped the cannula off into the vein, pulled back the needle and disconnected. I calmly, but quickly, connected my primed line and opened up the valve, feeling that flood of excitement and relief as I watched the drops begin to fall in the drip chamber. I had just successfully inserted my first intravenous cannula, on the first try, on my own as a brand new nurse.
This experience was an amazing feeling, and when reflecting back on it I can see why I was successful as I relied on the empirics of nursing. This was of knowing was impressed on me in nursing school and is what I believe to be the core of every brand new nurse. To put this way of knowing sin understandable terms, it is the factual descriptions, explanations, and predictions that make up empirical knowing (Pipe, Wellik, Buchda, Hansen, & Martyn, 2005). The proper techniques for inserting an IV cannula had been described and explained to me in the classroom and clinical settings and I was able to accurately predict my success by following these explanations as I attempted this technique on my own. Using the empirical way of knowing, I was able to provide effective nursing care for my patient, but being successful on the first attempt and not having to subject them to the pain and stress of multiple failed attempts. Being a brand new…...

Similar Documents

Ways to

...Technology in Banking Insight and Foresight Institute for Development and Research in Banking Technology (Established by Reserve Bank of India) Foreword The Indian banking industry, almost in keeping with the deep entrepreneurial approach of the country s business, has come a long way. This report is an effort to capture some exemplary initiatives and developments so far as well as discuss the emerging trends. The insights and understanding of the technology trends and ground-level work being done by the banks has been culled from the nominations received from banks for the IDRBT Banking Technology Excellence Awards 2010. The transformation of Indian banks in the last decade has been phenomenal from local branch banking to global presence and anywhere-anytime banking. Most of the regular banking transactions can today be carried out from mobile phones. Sustained reforms and information technology (IT) have played a pivotal role since the initiation of the second phase of reforms post 1998. The benefits of technology such as scale, speed and low error rate are also reflecting in the performance, productivity and profitability of banks, which have improved tremendously in the past decade. Regulatory initiatives from the Central Bank have also played a large role in the banking sector. Robust technology-enabled organizations have now become the mainstay of the industry. Initiatives such as electronic clearing service (ECS), national electronic funds transfer (NEFT),......

Words: 24716 - Pages: 99

Knowing Yourself

...of people who become successful and believe they deserve all the benefits that come along with success. This is true about me because I am all for success and I feel like if I work really hard at it that I deserve the outcome. I guess the 24 points of my favor in them falling come from the question I answered no to them being publicly glorified. Just because you are successful doesn’t mean you deserve to be put on a pedestal above anyone else I also took an assessment on my “ethic value”. Where I averaged out with most people, and on the “what time of the day I am the most productive,” I scored a 37 meaning I am intermediate when I have something not so important to do I am an evening person but as far as working I rather get it out the way early so I can have the evening with my family because in the morning my children are in school so its best that we are all home together, on the “am I experiencing work family conflict,” I scored 24 meaning work doesn’t completely make my family life miserable but it has its affects on it, and a few minor changes can help out to calm them. The last one was “do others see me as trustworthy,” where my score was 49 which ranged from 9 to 63 and anything over 45 suggest that others more than likely trust me. That I agree with because I am usually dependable and honest. So all the test pretty much was a good analyst of how I am....

Words: 410 - Pages: 2

There Is No Way of Knowing What God Is Like

...“There is no way of knowing what God is like” Christians use the idea of the Holy Trinity to help them to understand God. The Holy Trinity presents God in three ways- God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. This helps because it hard to understand on God as having different personalities, I find it easier to understand God’s personality in those religions with more than one God as they all have specific roles and personalities. Some people might agree with this statement because God has never come and shown himself to everyone on Earth, or because there is no valid source saying so. They also may not believe in God, therefore there is no way of knowing what God is like as the there is no God to know about, some people say that there is no way of knowing what God is like because he is transcendent- this means that he is beyond earthly or worldly knowledge. This is one of the main arguments used to back this statement. Saying this, there are some people who may disagree. One reason is because of the bible- this tells us a lot about God. You can also find descriptions and information about God in hymns, however these are not as reliable as people with very strong one-sided beliefs write them. The bible is probably the biggest, most reliable proof of God. It contains stories of God communicating with humans, such as that of Saint Paul and Moses and the burning bush, where Moses has an encountering with a bush that appears to be on fire and talks to him......

Words: 558 - Pages: 3

Ways of Knowing

...Ways of Knowing Carper’s Ways of Knowing consists of four different patterns. The ways of knowing patterns are empirical, personal, ethical, and aesthetic. This theory help bring all four ways of knowing into patient care and into the nursing process. Empirical knowing is the scientific knowledge or science of nursing. A 69 year old man under my care in the Emergency Room presented with palpitation with slight chest discomfort. After initiating standing orders for chest pain, labs, IV access, oxygen by nasal cannula, and EKG, his potassium level came back highly elevated. I notified the doctor right away since he had not yet seen the results of the blood work. The proper medications were ordered to lower the patient’s potassium level. Having the empirical knowledge of blood levels and knowing the symptoms of the patient allowed me to treat this patient correct away. The personal knowledge pattern of knowing in the nursing is ‘concerned with the knowing, encountering and actualising of the concrete, individual self…standing in relation to another human being as a person.’(Carper, 1978, p. 18) I have been on the same side as a patient. One common complaint that is seen in the emergency room are the dreaded kidney stones. The last two ER jobs I had, I was unable to pass a kidney stone while at work. The pain had become so intense I had to get registered myself and become the patient. I had to be admitted due to the size of the stone and for pain control. It was an......

Words: 897 - Pages: 4

Ways of Knowing

...Applying Ways of Knowing to a Clinical CaseGermaine ShannonUniversity of Central FloridaI was called to the emergency room by one of the nurses working that night. A patient was being discharged home by the emergency room physician, and the patient’s family had requested to speak to the nursing supervisor. When I arrived to the emergency room, the nurse that was taking care of the patient approached me. She pulled me aside, and voiced her concerns. The patient in bed three was sick with a respiratory infection. He had been given intravenous antibiotic and was now being discharged with a prescription of oral medication. According to the nurse, the patient was weak. The patient’s family was upset because the patient had missed two days of dialysis and they wanted him transferred to a hospital in Miami so he could have his dialysis done and also continue to be treated for his respiratory infection.Before approaching the family, I decided to speak to the physician so I could understand this case better and try to solve the situation in the best way possible. This was the second night that this physician had been working in the emergency room, and my first time meeting her. I told the physician that the family of the patient in bed three had requested to speak to me. The physician review of the situation was as follows: The patient had been in the emergency room earlier in the week and he had been treated for an upper respiratory infection. On that first visit it was also noted......

Words: 2051 - Pages: 9

"Knowing Who We Are, and Finding a Way to Tell Ourselves”: Carol Ann Duffy's Revision of Masculinist Representations of Female Identity. X

..."Knowing who we are, and finding a way to tell ourselves”: Carol Ann Duffy's Revision of Masculinist Representations of Female Identity. By Claire McEwen ‘Carol Ann Duffy is one of the freshest and bravest talents to emerge in British poetry — any poetry — for years', writes Eavan Boland (Duffy, 1994, cover). This courage is manifest in Duffy’s ability and desire to revise masculinist representations of female identity and her engagement with feminine discourse, a concept which, as Sara Mills points out: has moved away from viewing women as simply an oppressed group, as victims of male domination, and has tried to formulate ways of analysing power as it manifests itself and as it is resisted in the relations of everyday life. (p.78) It is these aspects of Duffy's work that I wish to address here by examining the ways in which she subverts masculinist assumptions and discourses in the following ways: by giving voice to previously marginalised or silenced figures, by re-presenting stereotypes and power relations, through comic reappropriation of myth and by re-writing the canonical love poem. The problematic nature of representation itself, its subjectivity and unreliability, is a central concern of Duffy's poetry. Much of her work is written in the form of dramatic monologue which serves to demonstrate the fundamental inadequacy of language to re-present by undermining the readers' expectations of traditional discourses. By using characters' voices rather than her......

Words: 3279 - Pages: 14

Ways of Knowing

...Ways of Knowing Nursing is a very rewording profession which can blossom when incorporated into practice of Carper’s fundamental patterns of thinking. After reading Cotton and Roden article (December 2006 – January 2007), I realized great importance of understanding and implementing four concepts of thinking into daily nursing practice. According to Carper (1978:21-22) empirics, aesthetics, personal and ethical way of knowing in nursing are ‘necessary for achieving mastery in the discipline’. I believe that implementing those four patterns of knowing into daily nursing care is vital in order to provide best quality care for each patient. Nursing care should be implemented in flexible, thoughtful manner and should be carefully executed in unique situation with unique patients. Empirical Way of Knowing Empirical way of thinking is defined in article as a ‘factual, descriptive…exemplary, discursively formulated and publically verifiable which is ultimately aimed at developing abstract and theoretical explanation’ (Carper: 15). This way of thinking is executed using Evidence Based Practice. I have been a nurse for the past 10 years and I believe that empirical way of knowing is most familiar to me. For example, my facility is using Congestive Heart Failure protocol (policy created by facility based on clinical practice guidelines CPG) for patients admitted to hospital with either new onset of CHF or exacerbation of the disease. Each patient with CHF has comprehensive......

Words: 1126 - Pages: 5

Knowing Jesus

...Liberty University Book Review: Knowing Jesus Through the Old Testament Submitted to Dr. Gary Schnittjer in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for OBST 515 Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary by CURTIS TERRY Lynchburg, Virginia Tuesday February 18, 2014 Table of Contents Introduction 3 Summary 3 Critical Interaction5 Conclusion8 Bibliography9 Introduction Dr. Christopher J.H. Wright love for Hebrew scripture played a major role in his decision to write Knowing Jesus Through the Old Testament. Dr. Wright wrote that he was saddened that so many Christians love Jesus but know so little about who he thought he was and what he had come to do. Dr. Wright background is one of Anglican descent born in Belfast, North Ireland during World War II. He is the son of missionaries and a graduate of Cambridge. Dr. Wright was ordained by the Anglican Church of England in 1977 and has served in the capacities of high school teacher, associate pastor, Old Testament scholar. Dr. Wright has served at Union Biblical Seminary in India as seminary professor and served as Principal of All Nations Christian College from 1993-2001. Dr. Wright has authored numerous books and currently serves as the International Director for Langham Partnership International. This paper will provide a review of Dr. Wright’s Knowing Jesus Through the Old Testament by providing a summarization of the work and provide an analysis of various theological topic discussed by Dr.......

Words: 1895 - Pages: 8

Not Knowing Where

...Running Head: NOT KNOWING WHERE ONE WILL BE ASSIGNED 1 Not knowing where one will be assigned Justification Report Rhonda L. Evans ENG315 – Professional Communications Professor: Barry D. McCollough October 29, 2014 Not knowing where one will be assigned 2 Annette Shepherd, RN Director of Admission University of Chicago Medical Center Chicago, IL 60659 October 29, 2014 Rhonda L. Evans 12628 Grey Eagle Court Germantown, MD 20874 I am pleased to present the report you authorized on October 29, 2014, regarding the change in the scheduling of the admissions clerks at the University of Chicago Medical Center. Through interviewing employees and internet research the better scheduling method to use will be determined. The two methods that are being recommended are as follows a weekly schedule or seniority scheduling I thank you for allowing me the opportunity to research the potential choices for the change of the current scheduling process that is already in place. Sincerely, Rhonda L. Evans Enclosure: Justification Report Not knowing where one will be assigned 3 Table of Contents Executive Summary……………………………………………………………………………4 Problem Statement……………………………………………………………………………..5 Report......

Words: 1576 - Pages: 7

No Way

...3 Contour integrals and Cauchy’s Theorem 3.1 Line integrals of complex functions Our goal here will be to discuss integration of complex functions f (z) = u + iv, with particular regard to analytic functions. Of course, one way to think of integration is as antidifferentiation. But there is also the definite integral. For a function f (x) of a real variable x, we have the integral b f (x) dx. In case f (x) = u(x) + iv(x) is a complex-valued function of a a real variable x, the definite integral is the complex number obtained by b integrating the real and imaginary parts of f (x) separately, i.e. b b u(x) dx + i a f (x) dx = a v(x) dx. For vector fields F = (P, Q) in the plane we have a the line integral P dx+Q dy, where C is an oriented curve. In case P and C Q are complex-valued, in which case we call P dx + Q dy a complex 1-form, we again define the line integral by integrating the real and imaginary parts separately. Next we recall the basics of line integrals in the plane: 1. The vector field F = (P, Q) is a gradient vector field g, which we can write in terms of 1-forms as P dx + Q dy = dg, if and only if C P dx+Q dy only depends on the endpoints of C, equivalently if and only if C P dx+Q dy = 0 for every closed curve C. If P dx+Q dy = dg, and C has endpoints z0 and z1 , then we have the formula dg = g(z1 ) − g(z0 ). P dx + Q dy = C C 2. If D is a plane region with oriented boundary ∂D = C, then P dx + Q dy = C D ∂Q ∂P − ∂x ∂y dxdy. 3. If D is a simply......

Words: 4089 - Pages: 17

The Way It Is

...We confirm our Management Agreement whereby I appoint you to represent me as my sole and exclusive manager under the provisions of this agreement as follows:- 1.  This agreement relates only to my professional activities and confers the right to represent me as a solo artist or as a member of a group or duo. 2.  Both you and I warrant by our respective signatures that there are no existing restrictions that prevent either party from entering into this agreement or performing any of our obligations. 3.  This agreement relates solely to activities as a musical artist and in no way confers the right to represent or hold yourself as representing me in any other field of entertainment or area of work not connected with the music industry without prior written consent. 4.  During the Term of this agreement defined below you shall have the following obligations:  (a)  To use your best endeavours to promote and develop my career as a music artist and provide me with regular reports on your work.  (b)  To ensure all monies due to me are promptly collected and remitted directly to me by the parties from which they are due.  (c)  To refer all enquiries connected with our work in areas which you are not permitted to act directly to me.  (d)  You shall not have the right to assign or transfer obligations to any other person or company without prior written consent, any such act shall immediately and retrospectively terminate your appointment and this agreement. 5....

Words: 847 - Pages: 4

Ways of Knowing

...Ways of Knowing D. Boone Ways of Knowing What are the four patterns of knowing fundamental to the professional nurse? Unlike many other professions, the nursing profession has many distinct and unique components. Nurses’ knowledge is acquired from many different sources and life experiences. Although hands on clinical skills are necessary, these skills are not usable alone. The ways of knowing is much more than the educational components of a college degree and licensure. Barbara Carper established four patterns of knowing which are needed in order to learn and apply nursing knowledge. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the four patterns of knowing, describe its relation to professional nursing and reflect upon these patterns in personal practice. Barbara Carper was a nurse pioneer who developed the four fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing. According to Carper (1978), “Understanding these patterns is essential for the teaching and learning of nursing” (P. 13). Carper identified four fundamental patterns of knowing which she classified as empirical, esthetic, personal and ethical. Carper (1978) states “The four patterns are distinguished according to logical type of meaning and designed as: (1) empirics, the science of nursing; (2) esthetics, the art of nursing; (3) the components of personal knowledge in nursing; and (4) ethics, the component of moral knowledge in nursing” (P. 14). Nursing knowledge goes beyond factual information. According......

Words: 1271 - Pages: 6

In Gaining Knowledge, Each Area of Knowledge Uses a Network of Ways of Knowing

...IN GAINING KNOWLEDGE, EACH AREA OF KNOWLEDGE USES A NETWORK OF WAYS OF KNOWING KQ What does it mean to know? THESIS The two areas of knowledge are history and art and the ways that will be connected to them are memory, emotion, reason, imagination and faith. ROAD MAP I’ll approach my topic with connecting reality to ways of knowing and areas of knowledge using real life situations. CLAIM The only two ways in which humankind can produce knowledge is through passive observation or active experiment. Active learning is where the learner queries the world in the search of knowledge. Passive learning is where the learner has no control over the knowledge that presents itself. EXPLANATION Taking other knowledge is as data, by logical operation knowledge can be inferred for example. Testimony which is knowledge based on the acceptance of testimony involves accepting what others say . “There are only two ways in which humankind can produce knowledge: through passive observation or through active experiment." I agree with this quote because gaining knowledge from others and learning from them is passive observation while active experiment is actually experiencing something in order to gain knowledge in the situation. COUNTERCLAIM We don’t just produce knowledge we also discover it, like dinosaurs we didn’t produce them we discovered them. EXPLAINATION Creation is more discovery or giving meaning at least with respect to knowledge. It not like we produced......

Words: 799 - Pages: 4

No Knowledge Can Be Discussed in a Single Way of Knowing

...“No Knowledge Can be Discussed in a Single Way of Knowing” Lily Jang Theory of Knowledge February7th Using one way of knowing is not enough to determine whether something is true or whether something is believed to be true. Knowledge can be acquired through eight ways of knowing: memory, perception, emotion, imagination, reason, language, intuition, and faith. Plato defined knowledge as the “justified true belief”, which shows that in order for us to obtain knowledge, we need to know certain thing as a fact, not a belief. Believing something to be true simply does not mean knowing something for certain; it only means that we have faith in the fact that it is true. To test if our beliefs are real and true and to obtain knowledge, we need to use the different ways of knowing to confirm or abolish our beliefs. Therefore, “no knowledge can be discussed in a single way of knowing”. Occasionally when people are trying to cover up a truth, in other words, to lie, we have the capability of detecting those lies by looking at their behaviors and facial expressions. I have always been pretty good at knowing whether someone is telling me the truth or not. This works the best for my brother, Ian—I can tell right away and know whether he is lying or not. So in what ways of knowing can the knowledge that ‘Ian is lying’ be drawn upon? The most obvious one I use would be sensual perception, when my senses catch upon the twitching of his lips when he lies and the shaking of his...

Words: 708 - Pages: 3

Knowing the Audience

...Knowing Your Audience Paper and Communication Release To know your audience would be an extremely significant mark at any time a company was to communicate material to a group or organization. Knowing your audience proves to be even more significant when a company has to deal with the outcome resulting from a disaster. The disaster of the Chilean copper mine in South America is one example of where knowing your audience was a very significant issue. In a Chilean copper mine, a disastrous downfall in one of the shafts of the mine has left 33 miners trapped 310 meters (1017 feet) below the ground. The outcomes of the company and their reaction to the disaster would eventually define how the world, their audience, would see them. It turns out to be very imperative that the representatives of the company who issues updates and information to the public know their audience well. The audience the company would be reporting to would be made up of the news correspondence, the victim's families, and the media. Not only would the company representative have to keep the prestige and point of view of the mining company in one piece, they would have to issue precise and straightforward information that would not always be in the greatest interest of the company's standing. The collapse would not only have emotional impact on the 33 miners trapped underground, the family members of those miners would be distressed as well. The family members of those 33 men would have to wait in......

Words: 1055 - Pages: 5

Eddie Redmayne | Chap 408 | 240281002880af181