What Are the Distinguishing Factors Between the Contemporary Views of Health Promotion Versus the Historical View? How and Why Did These Differences Develop?

In: Science

Submitted By jenb09
Words 292
Pages 2
“People involved in health promotion must consider the meaning of health for themselves and for others. Recognizing differences in the meaning of health can clarify outcomes and expectations in health promotion and enhance the quality of health care” (Edelman & Mandle, 2010, p. 3). This statement is so powerful when we are investigating health promotion in general.
When discussing the differences between the contemporary and historical views of health promotion, it is important to think about how nursing and medicine has evolved to its current state.
The historical view of health promotion has to do with where we started. This view includes the view that some of our elders still may believe in. These people often believe that if you weren’t feeling well, then you didn’t need to see a doctor. These people mainly saw their doctors for a specific reason, they didn’t think ahead. This lead too many people’s “miss fortune” which our, now, contemporary view focuses on preventing these illnesses.
Currently in the contemporary view of health promotion, in the medical field we are constantly stressing screening and prevention of illness. For example, we all know that we can screen for cancer in the colon by doing colonoscopies routinely after the age of 50 years old, have a pap smear done routinely to prevent cervical cancer, and do mammograms routinely to screen for breast cancer. Also, an example of preventing illness we stress the importance of vaccines. All of these health promotional aspects of health care in the contemporary view have to do with where we were and what we experienced in the past that we essentially did “wrong” and learned from.

Edelman, C.,& Mandle, C. L. (2010). Health promotion throughout the life span (7th ed.). St. Louis:…...

Similar Documents

What Are the Distinguishing Factors Between the Contemporary Views of Health Promotion Versus the Historical View? How and Why Did These Differences Develop?

...Historically, if you were not ill- feeling well- you did not need a physician and you therefore, only saw your PMD for a specific illness. Those beliefs are seen daily from our older population of patients. Those beliefs are ingrained in them if they were born prior to 1960. Since they survived all the diseases (prior to 1940) that we now vaccinate our children from and they did not die from any environmental causes (1940-1950’s) from their work environment, they see no reason to a physician. It was also noted at this time that the environment that one worked in may be contributing to their state of illness, and it was noticed that you could ‘recover’ from your disease/illness but may not be able to be productive within society. It was during this time that the government started to get involved by funding hospital expansions and the development of the Department of Health Education and Welfare which is currently named Department of Health and Human Services. From the 1960s to the present, there have been incredible changes in the health care delivery system as federal and state governments have attempted to control spending and health care costs have escalated (Barr et al., 2003). Our current views of healthcare promotion are just that- views to PROMOTE health. Over the past 30 years, health promotion has been placed front and center in the health care arena. As evidence based research continues, we as healthcare providers have a better understanding of......

Words: 275 - Pages: 2

The Manager’s Bookshelf: a Mosaic of Contemporary Views

...Introduction In the text the manager’s bookshelf: A Mosaic of Contemporary views provides just what the title states, a “mosaic” of different management theories summarized from a select few best-selling management books. Before the text goes into the detail of the theories it explains how the authors determine a “best seller”. A best seller is based on “market acceptance, provocativeness, distinctiveness, representativeness and the authors reputation” (Jon L. Pierce; John W. Newstrom, 2010,p.9). Since we understand what determines the best seller the next question that arises is why the popularity? This is due to Americas thirst for success, management competition, optimistic messages and increased commitment to organizational change (Jon L. Pierce; John W. Newstrom, 2010). Along with the reasons for popularity the authors emphasize that people should follow a guideline for critiquing these management books, the guideline consists of authors credentials, rationale, face validity, target audience, readability/interest, internal validity, reliability/consistency, distinctiveness, objectivity, external validity and practicality (Jon L. Pierce; John W. Newstrom, 2010,p.8-9). The body of the text summarizes management theories from popular authors such as Chris Argyris (Flawed Advice and the Management Trap), Peter Drucker (The Practice of Management), Edwards Deming (Out of the Crisis), and Douglas McGregor (The Human Side of Enterprise and Abraham Maslow (Maslow on......

Words: 3773 - Pages: 16

What Are the Distinguishing Factors Between the Contemporary Views of Health Promotion Versus the Historical View? How and Why Did These Differences Develop?

...What are the distinguishing factors between the contemporary views of health promotion versus the historical view? How and why did these differences develop?  The World Health Organization describes health promotion a “the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behaviour towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions” (retrieved from http://www.who.int/topics/health_promotion/en/, 2014). Historically, people believed that health was free from disease due to people dying from infectious diseases. It was geared more to the control of transmissible diseases, concentrating on safe drinking water, and an environment free from hazards. As times have changed so did the views of health. We started to expand our views and focus our attention to unhealthy behaviors and educated people on living a healthier lifestyle to prevent diseases. With the advancement of technology, we have vaccinations available for kids at a young age and the government are getting more involved for healthy living. Every day we have a better understanding of the diseases and we can educate the community in striving for optimal health by changing their attitude and behaviors in their lifestyle. People are more willing to live a healthier life. Novick, L.F., Morrow, C.B. (n.d.) Defining Public Health: Historical and Contemporary Developments. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Retireved from......

Words: 252 - Pages: 2

Health Promotion

...423: HEALTH PROMOTION COURSE MODULE Course Coordinator: Damaris Nelima Email:damarisnelima@yahoo.com Course facilitator:Dr. Rose Olayo Email:rose_olayo@yahoo.com 1 . What is Health Promotion? Health Promotion occurs upstream with the aim of preventing people falling in or being pushed. Downstream we have secondary (aim to detect disease early so that treatment can be started before irreversible damage occurs e.g. screening), and tertiary prevention and health care (management of established disease e.g. to minimise disability and prevent complications e.g. foot care for people with diabetes). Mid-stream we have primary prevention and health care, usually individual, for example attempts to reduce risk of contracting disease (educating smokers, vaccinating). And upstream we have health promotion including social policies and health promotion programmes, such as taxes on tobacco, smoke free legislation and advertising bans. This may include health education, which aims to reduce ill-health and increase positive health influencing people’s beliefs, attitudes and behaviour. Health Promotion has a dual role to prevent ill health and promote positive health. “Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. To reach a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, an individual or group must be able to identify and to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the environment. Health is,......

Words: 10676 - Pages: 43

What Transgender Means and How Society Views It

...assigned at birth." But even mental health professionals who specialize in gender identity say there is much about being transgender that is unclear, so classifying it for treatment purposes is challenging. "It's different from other mental disorders," says Jack Drescher, a New York psychiatrist who was part of the American Psychiatric Association's work group on gender identity, which revised the latest manual of mental disorders, the DSM-5. "Usually with a mental disorder, we try and change the person's mind," he says. "This is the only mental disorder where the treatment is changing the body. In a typical mental disorder, we try to make those symptoms go away. Here the treatment has emerged to align the person's body to match their gender identity." STORY: Medical issues for transgendered people go beyond surgery For people who feel they're really a different gender than the one they were born, the new manual changed the diagnostic name from "gender identity disorder" to "gender dysphoria," which refers to the distress that may be associated with it. Drescher says the challenge was to reduce stigma and yet maintain access to medical care, which can include psychological support as well as hormones or surgical treatment. All the treatments require a diagnosis for insurance, he says. "It's not called a disorder, but it is in the handbook of mental disorders," Drescher says. "The truth is we actually don't know what it is. Is it a mental disorder or does......

Words: 753 - Pages: 4

Historical View of Satan's Fall

...Research Paper Submit ion for The fall of Satan: A Historical Approach Submitted to Cky John Carrigan, in partial fulfillment Of the requirements for the completion of the course Theo 525 D02 (Summer 2014) Systematic Theology I By Matthew Dumler (26110162) August 15th, 2014 Contents Introduction 1 Gap Theory 1:1 and 1:2 2 Gap Theory Chapters 2 and 3 5 Before Creation 8 Conclusion 10 Introduction Before Genesis 1:1 God created the heaven of heavens (Nehemiah 9:6) with angels so numerous no one could count (Revelation 5:11). One of God’s most cherished creations, Lucifer, was placed in charge of guarding his royal thrown (Ezekiel 28:12-16). One day Lucifer took pride in his own beauty and his heart was filled with pride (Ezekiel 28:17). He began to think highly of himself and began to think wrongly of God. He began to take what rightfully belonged to God and began to put himself in God’s place. For the first time in all creation, one of his own had sinned against him. God judged him accordingly and placed him in the lake of fire (Matthew 25:41). The sacred scriptures tell us that after the fall, Lucifer was thereafter known as the Devil or the accuser. One question that remains to be answered is this: when did this event occur? Some theologians claim that Satan’s fall occurred before Genesis 1:1. Others contend that there was a gap that took place between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2. Yet others......

Words: 4222 - Pages: 17

Evaluating Contemporary Views of Leadership

...Evaluating Contemporary Views of Leadership LDR/711A » Leadership Theories and Practice – University of Phoenix Evaluating Contemporary Views of Leadership From Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela’s charisma, to Winston Churchill and Martin Luther King’s intelligence and Steve Jobs’ analytical nature, there can be as numerous ways to lead as there are leaders (Crossman, 2010). Leadership is a hot debate both in the business world and other areas of the society. Throughout the world's, there have been as many leadership models as there have been their commentators (Burns & Peltason, 1966). Fortunately, psychologists and businesspersons have established useful frameworks that refer to the main ways of leadership. When leaders understand these frameworks, they can develop their approach to leadership, and as a result, become more effective (Crossman, 2010). Business leaders follow the different models to lead people. Each model aims to produce the best out of leaders and success in the business and the society. There are different leadership models whose applications are relative particular goals and contexts. There is a great difference between conventional leadership styles and contemporary leadership models (Lakshman, 2007). Traditionally, leadership was known to be an interpersonal influence with a specific aim of achieving a goal or goals (Wren, 1995). It, therefore, had three key elements that include interpersonal relationship, influence or the power...

Words: 1652 - Pages: 7

Evaluating Historical Views to Leadership

... Evaluating Historical Views to Leadership Jaimi Schaffer, M.Ed LDR/711A Leadership Theories and Practice University of Phoenix April Flanagan, Ph.D February 23, 2015 Evaluating Historical Views of Leadership The process of this evaluation involved an analysis of the commonalities and disparities among a group of leaders, which were largely influenced by the times in which they lived. Bass (1974) penned, “from its infancy, the study of history has been the study of leaders” Wren, 1995 p. 50). This evaluation of historical views of leadership involved a review of the theories of W. E. B. Du Bois, Lao-tzu, and Niccolo Machiavelli, which yielded evidence of conflicting viewpoints on the topic of leadership throughout the ages. Each of these men’s theories and styles were very different, yet effective in their communities and beyond. They presented various traits of effective leadership ability and set examples for leaders to draw influence from as they formulate their own theories in more modern times. Commonalities and Disparities W. E. B. Du Bois believed that a certain segment of intelligent and educated black men were meant to lead their race. Lao-tzu thought that the most effective leaders were those who had the ability to lead when their followers barely knew they existed in a leadership capacity. Finally, Machiavelli believed that leaders or rulers should operate by force (Wren, 1995). After completing the assigned readings about......

Words: 1230 - Pages: 5

How Europeans View Americans

...How Europeans View Americans: Whether or not I agree with the author is based on my beliefs and experience with different economic factors. Although this article is opinionated of how the author shares different experiences from different Europeans frames (points of view) of the American society, we should all note that this is not the consensus for all Europeans. In reference to the matters that persuaded the United States to utilized their military might (September 11 2001), are only the actions of the current administered, which resulted in a ripple effect that cast judgment on all the American population. Although determined, the Bush administration left their allies on the sideline; where they felt obligated to respond and defend the homeland, which clearly displayed one difference in the U.S. and European view of security. In the summer of 2002 in an article Policy Review by Robert Kagan, he stated, “ It is time to stop pretending that Europeans and Americans share a common view of the world, or even that they occupy the same world” (Gordon, P. H, 2003). Cultures and generations have enforced and reinforced the values and belief systems that either population (American and European) have passed down from generation to generation to their children. Although Robert Kagan shared his views in the article, it is safe to say his perceived structure is not destiny, but should not be ignored. (Gordon, P.H. 2003). Apart from many other differences, which differentiate......

Words: 1501 - Pages: 7

Overcome Differing Points of View Regarding Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

...Education Preparation: Associate Versus Bachelor degree in Nursing Chandani Garg Grand Canyon University: NRS 430V Professional Dynamics September 16, 2015 Education Preparation: Associate versus Bachelor’s in Nursing The Art of nursing is here since the Biblical times but the modern nursing emerged after the time of Florence Nightingale. In 1873 nursing education was started formally as 4-month hospital training at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. Nursing has been growing since then and will continue to grow in future. In 1909 the first 4-yrs bachelor’s degree nursing program was established at the University of Minnesota. Due to the shortage of nurses after the World War II, again in 1952, nurse tech 2-yrs associate degree nursing program was started. Today nursing is a profession with multiple pathways for entry level practice. The purposes of this paper are to discuss the differences in competences between associate and bachelor’s prepared nurses and how their education levels affect the patient outcome. Associate versus Bachelor’s Degrees: Differences in Competencies Mildred Montag in 1952 proposed 2-year associate degree nursing program to prepare technical bedside nurses for secondary care settings, like nursing homes and community hospitals. The graduates of this program are provided with basic general education and skills required for entry into clinical nursing courses. Because the program was shorter than Bachelor’s degree it was more...

Words: 1042 - Pages: 5

Health Promotion of the Family: the Holistic View

...Health Promotion of the Family: The Holistic View Gordon developed the 11 functional health patterns to assist in holistic assessment of the family. (Edeleman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014)The functional health pattern format assists nurses in assessment of the family, which lends to development of wellness and family nursing diagnoses. An analysis of the family health assessment made through the use of the functional health pattern framework provided the writer with a holistic overview on the health status of this one particular family. The patterns assessed were: values, health perception, nutrition, sleep/rest, elimination, activity/exercise, cognitive, sensory-perception, self-perception, role relationship, sexuality and coping. Overall the assessed family strives to maintain optimal health by many proactive activities yet there are a few dysfunctional patterns that have the potential to minimize their ultimate health status. The assessed family was queried about their overall health using the aforementioned patterns. The writer deemed it important to assess their cognitive and sensory-perception patterns foremost in the assessment. The writer first assessed each family member’s level of education. The male family member reported to have a “bachelors degree” and the female family member reported to have a “masters degree.” The family was assessed as to how they preferred to gain information about health as to which they reported use of the Internet and research. ......

Words: 1923 - Pages: 8

The Differences Between Baccalaureates Versus Associate Degree

...The Differences Between Baccalaureates Versus Associate Degree Salamatu Bah Chris Bartholemew Grand Canyon University NRS430 December 12, 2015 The Differences Between Baccalaureates Versus Associate Degree The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN), the national voice for baccalaureate and graduate nursing programs, believes that education has a significant impact on the knowledge and competencies of the nurse clinician, as it does for all health care providers. Nurses with Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) degrees are well-prepared to meet the demands placed on today's nurse. BSN nurses are prized for their skills in critical thinking, leadership, case management, and health promotion, and for their ability to practice across a variety of inpatient and outpatient settings. Nurse executives, federal agencies, the military, leading nursing organizations, health care foundations, magnet hospitals, and minority nurse advocacy groups all recognize the unique value that baccalaureate-prepared nurses bring to the practice setting. AACN encourages...

Words: 1705 - Pages: 7

Evaluate the View That Differences in Educational Achievement Between Social Classes Are the Result of Factors and Processes Within the School.

...Evaluate the view that differences in educational achievement between social classes are the result of factors and processes within the school. Within school there are educational differences within achievement between social classes. Generally the middle class on the whole tend to do better and outperform the working class. Some of the reasons why are put forward by interactionists sociologists who believe that the difference is “a result of factors and processes within the school” which are internal factors which cause this difference in achievement between social classes. Interactionists look at processes in the school on a small scale interaction to try and figure out why there is a difference. However there are other views such as external factors which suggest it is factors outside the school which lead to differences in educational achievement between social classes. One internal factor which can be seen as partly responsible for differences in educational achievement between social classes is labelling. Labelling refers to the process of defining a person or group in a certain way. Labelling by teachers can contribute to differences in educational achievement. For example a study by Howard Becker discovered how teachers judged pupils according to how closely they fitted the image of the “ideal pupil” and based their judgement on many key factors such as work, conduct and appearance. The teachers saw the middle class as the closest to the ideal pupil and the......

Words: 1357 - Pages: 6

Cultural Views on Health

...Cultural Views on Health HCA/230 November 21, 2010 Introduction The largest subgroup of Asian Americans is Chinese Americans. The United States Census Bureau (2000) reported that 22.6% of all Asian-Americans are of Chinese descent. Another culture’s population that is quickly increasing is natives from India. Approximately, 8.7 million Indian natives live in the United States. Both of these cultures are dominant in the United States and share similar health views. Chinese Americans Often, Chinese Americans access to health care and other services is denied because of discrimination. Even with Chinese Americans having the highest tuberculosis and suicide rates in the United States, access to health care becomes difficult because of language barriers, cultural conflicts, and attitudes toward illness. Because of these barriers, most Chinese Americans rely on traditional Chinese herbal medicine. There are several agencies such as the Richmond Maxi Center, located in the Richmond district of San Francisco and the Asians for Community Involvement in the Silicon Valley of California that were established to meet the needs of Chinese Americans and other Asian Americans. Today, both Chinese and Western medicines are widely used by Chinese Americans, although some use exclusively Chinese medicine while others only Western medicine. Traditional Chinese health beliefs include adopting a holistic view while emphasizing the importance of environmental factors in......

Words: 824 - Pages: 4

Health Views & Biomedical Health

...History: What were people’s views on health? According to his picture, it identifies that throughout history people around the world thought if one with illness, physical, sensory or mental impairment were thought of as under the spell of witchcraft, possessed by demons or big sinners, being punished by god for wrong doing by themselves or their parents (Medical model vs social model, 2007). These ideas still remain some power, in different cultures. Before the development of medical science, quasi – religious views of health and illness were dominant, whereby illness was connected with sin, penance and evil spirits. This dominant view had conceived the body and soul as a sacred entity beyond the power of human intervention. The influence of scientific disconnect, linked diseased organs with symptoms observed before death. Pasteur’s germ theory, eventually endorsed a belief in the separation of body and soul. This view came to be known as mind/body dualism, referred to a Cartesian dualism after the philosopher Rene Descartes 1590-1650 which refers to a belief that the mind and body are separate entities, which ignores the psychological and subjective aspects of illness. Descartes suggest that although the mind and body interacted with one another with the say of “I think therefore I am”. He identifies that the brain was part of the physical body, whereas the mind existed in the spiritual realm. Therefore medicine could rightly practise on the body while religion could......

Words: 1364 - Pages: 6

bustadu95 | Katie Stevens | Leo the Lion