What Is the Difference Between Sex and Gender?

In: Social Issues

Submitted By LVE91
Words 1974
Pages 8
What is the Difference Between ‘Sex’ and ‘Gender’?

To start this essay I will clearly state definitions of ‘Sex’ and ‘Gender’ respectively. ‘Sex’ is described as ‘the biological properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles.’(Princeton University – 2010). Whereas gender is listed as ‘the state of being male or female, typically with reference to social or cultural differences rather than biological.’(Michigan University – 2010). In this essay I will explore and investigate both sex and gender, whilst identifying the differences between the two. I will start by elaborating on the given definitions. Sex is defined on the Princeton University website as ‘biological’. This is a word that has recurred in many other definitions that I have researched for the word ‘sex’. This would suggest that sex is able to be categorized in a straight forward manner. However, there are several high profile cases in the media, when the issue of ‘sex’ has come into question. Perhaps most recently is the case of South African athlete, Caster Semanya. Semanya won the 800m race during the African Junior Championship, with the fastest time of the year. This lead to some spectators questioning her sex. When looking at the athlete she has an incredibly muscular and angular frame, and this coupled with her record breaking run made the International Athletic Association ask for a sex test. This case brought the issue of ‘sex’ into much disrepute. Now, we are led to believe that there is a third option, rather than just Male or Female. Scientists use the term ‘intersex’ to describe an individual who is ‘born with a reproductive or sexual anatomy that does not seem to fit the typical definitions of female or male.’ (Tasmanian Department of Education- 2010). This somewhat confuses the majority of definitions of ‘sex’ now that we are aware of a…...

Similar Documents

What Is the Difference Between Work and Fun?

...What is the difference between work and fun? In the world we live in today, gambling is a professional career to some, whilst others gamble for leisure, a combination of necessity and pure enjoyment. However there is hardly any single moment where a person just fell into being a professional gambler, but there will be some people who realized that they didn’t have any other source of income. The truth is that there are many thousands of people around the country who make a good living exclusively from gambling. It is not easy, but it can be done. In order to become a professional gambler, he/she needs to practice, practice and practice some more. He/she needs to have the rules of whatever game you are planning on playing down cold. Once he/she knows the rules, he/she needs to practice, either live or online. In addition to practice, one also needs to have discipline. Discipline comes in many forms. Can you maintain your focus so that you make the right decisions? Can you maintain and stick to a proper budget? Discipline and practice is normally not enjoyable by any party, however obliged to do in order to become skilled and successful in the profession of gambling thus should be considered as work. When you are betting on sports, the number one priority that you should have is good solid research. It is difficult enough even with the greatest knowledge and excellent research to make accurate bets at a successful ratio, without research......

Words: 605 - Pages: 3

Gender and Sex

...How do sociologists draw a distinction between sex and gender? The difference between sex and gender causes much controversy between sociologists. The definition of sex does not cause much debate: Sex is physical and refers to biological differences. On the other hand, gender is psychological and so causes more disputes as interpretations differ between societies and cultures. This is due to the common sense ideas societies have regarding culture and additionally whether gender is nature or nurture. It can also be said that gender is socially constructed which will also be looked at. Sex is easily defined as “the biological distinction between females and males” and is commonly seen to have six main factors associated: chromosome make up (females having XX and male having XY), reproductive organs, external genitals, hormonal states, internal genitals and secondary sex characteristics. Sex is commonly seen as a biological term based on nature which is why there is not much argument over the definition. People are either classified as male or female, however, there are some exceptions as if a child is born with too many or too few X or Y chromosomes they may have the chromosome make up of one sex and the genitals of another. However, gender is not seen as an inbuilt trait but instead refers to “the social aspects of differences and hierarchies between male and female” which means that gender suggests the behaviours and aspects a particular group (society or culture)......

Words: 631 - Pages: 3

What Is the Difference Between Causation and Correlation

...What Is The Difference Between Causation and Correlation? The major discrepancy concerning causation and correlation is the power and measure to which two things are associated and the assurance with which anybody can institute a underlying relationship. Basically when you say one thing causes another, you are saying that there is a direct line between that one thing and the result. Cause means that an action will always have a predictable reaction. Once you describe correlation, the expressions cause and correlation grow to be easier to comprehend. If you see a correlation connecting two things, you can see that there is a affiliation between those two things. One thing does not automatically result in the other thing occurring, but it may increase likelihood that something will occur. The way to understand the difference of cause and correlation can best be understood by an example. For instance, “Violent video games cause violent behavior.” According to all research on this matter, this statement is not true, due to the use of the word causes in the sentence. Research has shown that violent video games may influence violent behavior. The correlation between violent video games and violent behavior some researchers have shown that there is a connection/correlation there. Violent games may influence others to act in more hostile but they are not the only reason and sometimes not even a factor for predicting violence. I believe that it really have a great impact on our...

Words: 342 - Pages: 2

What Are the Differences Between Newspapers and Magazines?

...press is one of the oldest categories of media and communication. Again, print also has such types of it as newspapers and magazines. This essay is aimed to distinguish and determine the most important differences between newspapers and magazines. Firstly, it is necessary to define general distinctions between newspapers and magazines. Newspapers are periodic editions and publications issued permanently, temporarily or “just-one-time”. Usually newspapers have not stapled sheets with a variety of articles, texts, and images of relatively small size. In general, newspapers dedicated primarily to current events of modern politics, culture, economics, science, sports and so on; and newspaper can be devoted to one particular of the areas and topics based on social conditions of the place where it is issued. Normally newspapers are compactly organized and structured in terms of physical size, and newspapers are also light weighted, so it is comfortable for readers to store them and they can be easily carried. Newspapers are made from soft paper while magazines are made from glossy paper. Magazines are also mainly periodic editions, which include a number of works by different authors, articles, and other documents, unified in one framework and papers bound together in the spine. Difference in attractiveness of magazines and newspapers also depends on many factors such as appearance, size, content, price and others. Magazines are more colorful than newspapers, because newspapers......

Words: 1398 - Pages: 6

Sex and Gender

...Sex and gender I) Summary the video Some people wonder whether gender is genetically based or they just learn 2 be feminine or masculine. It is very important to know what gender we are since birth because each of us has very perceptions of what each sex is like, how they should be treated, and even what value they have for society. Therefore, sex is the most basic way in which we categorize people throughout their lives. There are differences between two genders at birth which are biologically congenital, universal, and essentially reproductive. As we know, males and females are different in sexual organs, genes and hormones. While daughters are described as beautiful, delicate, and weak, sons seem strong, coordinated and alert despite no differences between them in weight, health and strength. What makes sex categorization significant goes beyond the biological characteristics. Gender is different cultural definitions of masculinity and femininity, different expectations and experiences, and psychological and social meanings attached to the categories of male and female. We define women or men by their sexual organs, the way they behave, how they look and dress, what they are supposed to do in order to be acceptable and appropriate and what roles they are allowed to do. Gender roles, as basic as femininity and masculinity, are two sets of traits and behaviors to distinguish men and women and based on socially-prescribed expectations about ideal......

Words: 1819 - Pages: 8

What Is the Difference Between Gross Margin and Contribution Margin?

...What is the difference between gross margin and contribution margin? Gross Margin is the Gross Profit as a percentage of Net Sales. The calculation of the Gross Profit is: Sales minus Cost of Goods Sold. The Cost of Goods Sold consists of the fixed and variable product costs, but it excludes all of the selling and administrative expenses. Contribution Margin is Net Sales minus the variable product costs and the variable period expenses. The Contribution Margin Ratio is the Contribution Margin as a percentage of Net Sales. Let's illustrate the difference between gross margin and contribution margin with the following information: company had Net Sales of $600,000 during the past year. Its inventory of goods was the same quantity at the beginning and at the end of year. Its Cost of Goods Sold consisted of $120,000 of variable costs and $200,000 of fixed costs. Its selling and administrative expenses were $40,000 of variable and $150,000 of fixed expenses. The company's Gross Margin is: Net Sales of $600,000 minus its Cost of Goods Sold of $320,000 ($120,000 + $200,000) for a Gross Profit of $280,000 ($600,000 - $320,000). The Gross Margin or Gross Profit Percentage is the Gross Profit of $280,000 divided by $600,000, or 46.7%. The company's Contribution Margin is: Net Sales of $600,000 minus the variable product costs of $120,000 and the variable expenses of $40,000 for a Contribution Margin of $440,000. The Contribution Margin Ratio is 73.3% ($440,000 divided by......

Words: 269 - Pages: 2

Sex and Gender

...Sex and Gender are Different: Sexual Identity and Gender Identity are Different Milton Diamond, Ph.D. University of Hawaii, John A. Burns School of Medicine Department of Anatomy and Reproductive Biology Pacific Center for Sex and Society Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry - Special Issue In Press for July 2002 Special Editors: Bernadette Wren, Portman Clinic Fiona Tasker, University of London | | | | | | | |Sex and Gender are Different: | |Sexual Identity and Gender Identity | |are Different | | | |Abstract: | |This paper attempts to enhance understanding and communication about different sexual issues. It starts by offering definitions......

Words: 8070 - Pages: 33

Gender and Sex

...Associate Program Material Gender and Sex Worksheet Answer the following questions in 50 to 150 words each. Provide citations for all the sources you use. What is gender? What is sex in biological terms? Are gender and sex the same thing? Explain why or why not? When a person speaks about gender they would be referring to a person being a male or female. Sex in biological terms is to look at the organs that are within a person that makes them male or female. No, gender and sex are not the same. Sex is all about the biology that makes up a person and gender is based on the characteristics of feminine and masculine. How do gender and sex contribute to the concepts and constructions of masculinity and femininity? Sex and gender contribute to the concepts and construction of feminine and masculine by showing the differences of the two. Sex shows the physical differences. Women may have more of an hour glass figure while men are broader. With gender men are looked at as stronger emotionally and physically were as women are more nurturing. Do our concepts of gender and sex contribute to the ways we embrace gender and sex in diversity? Of course, gender and sex contribute to the ways we view men and women and diversity. No matter what a person’s race is if they are a woman we view them as the weak one emotionally and physically. We view men to be tough, never frightened, and strong. There are many woman and men that have proved our......

Words: 343 - Pages: 2

Sex and Gender

...What things have you done since last class that makes you conscious of your sex or gender? When I first came into class I thought sex in gender were synonyms of each other. I did not know that sex describes the biological identities of women and men while gender is the socially constructed behaviors and characteristics that are associated with each sex. I have thought about where I work which is Starbucks on campus. Everyone that I work with are females except one male. Also I noticed that people who are over my team are white which does not make a difference to me but it was an observation. My boss is a white female, my boss’s boss is white female but her boss is a white male. I noticed the higher I go into the ranks of my job the differences I see in gender. The highest position at my school for my company is lead by a white male but the second highest is lead by a white female. This shows me how patriarchy is still present in the twenty-first century but is being changed because the second highest in rank would normally be a male if changes had not begun. From learning the meaning of gender and sex I have begun observing people more through their actions. This has made me evaluate myself to see if I feel that what people classify me as which is a female really is what I feel I am. Yes my sex if taken from what everyone says such as doctors I am a female. I feel actions speak louder than words. When I look at my behavior in my everyday life I have more male......

Words: 894 - Pages: 4

Gender and Sex

...Associate Program Material Gender and Sex Worksheet Answer the following questions in 50 to 150 words each. Provide citations for all the sources you use. What is gender? What is sex in biological terms? Are gender and sex the same thing? Explain why or why not? Gender is the state of being a male or a female. Sex in biological terms is a either of the two major forms of individuals that can occur in many of the species and that are distinguished respectively as a female or a male especially on the basis of their reproductive organs and their structures. Gender and sex are the similar but they are not the same. Gender refers to an individual while sex refers to the entire group as a whole. How do gender and sex contribute to the concepts and constructions of masculinity and femininity? Sex helps us identify the difference between being a female or a male while gender helps us to identify the forms of masculinity or femininity. Gender identification plays a huge part in masculinity and feminity as well. Although the these roles can bereversed, but is often frowned upon and made fun of in modern society by most people.Although this has changed in the past few years with more people becoming accepeting of maculine women and feminine men. Do our concepts of gender and sex contribute to the ways we embrace gender and sex in diversity? I believe our concept of gender and sex does contribute to the way we embrace gender and sex in diversity. We were......

Words: 493 - Pages: 2

Social Media Post Differences Between Genders

...Social media post differences between genders Student Name Affiliate of the University Social media post differences between genders Part One: Effects of social media The use of sites of social network has become a worldwide phenomenon, and it has attracted a vast population of people from all corners of the world. Due to the effects of social media, several changes have occurred in the lives of the individuals who use the social media (Myers, 2011). The people who use social media come from different ages, education levels, and ages as well. Apart from day to day checking of emails, reading the newspapers and forums online, or following the tools of instant message, an extensive population now checks their social networks as well. On the social network, they follow the status changes to other people, update their status or look at the profiles of other people. It has been observed through studies that most of the people usually connect to the sites of social network at least once in a day, to have a look at their profile or to take part in various activities online (LaSalle, 2006). People usually use the sites of social network for distinct number of reasons. These reasons include allowing faster updating, ease of use, reflecting on daily life, supporting the informal learning processes as well as sharing and analyzing the information that continuously increase. Other reasons include the establishment and maintenance of the spontaneous social contacts and......

Words: 2443 - Pages: 10

Gender Differences

...Gender differences In today's society, people are becoming more aware of the problem of stereotypes. Although we are meant to live in a fluid society, the portrayal of rigid stereotypes by the media does not help to reduce this problem. Many issues involving sexual status and gender stereotypes have been disputed, including the ethical reasoning behind why stereotypes should be dismissed and avoided in advertising. Male and female stereotypes have always been present in our daily lives, but they were stronger in the early years before the fifties. These differences caused social problems such as forbidding women to use jeans instead of skirts or dresses, the famous stereotype in which the woman stays at home taking care of the children or housekeeping while the man goes to work. There is a lot of research regarding stereotypical views of men and women, and psychological testing has helped integrate and differentiate the documented "real" behavior. Even through the sexual revolution, there still exists gender-role stereotypes, although the stereotyping has decreased in recent years. However, times have changed, and now it’s becoming common to see both men and women work to sustain themselves, resulting in a new idea about marriage and stereotypes. I do not believe in stereotypes, as they are only based in what our education was before civilization: savages. I mean, people often judge using the nature as an example. Yes, it is commonly seen among the animals that the alpha......

Words: 1265 - Pages: 6

Form of Gdp and What Is the Difference Between

...Gradable Assignment 1 1.     Full form of GDP and what is the difference between GDP per Capita Ans: GDP–Gross Domestic Product GDP per Capita – An estimate of an individual spends as a consumer compared to the total population spending on products and services. GDP is gross domestic product, the total economic output of a country, i.e., the amount of money a country makes. GDP per capita is the total output divided by the number of people in the population, so you can get a figure of the average output of each person, i.e., the average amount of money each person makes. 2.     Define or explain Purchase Power Parity in two lines Ans: Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a theory which states that exchange rates between currencies are in equilibrium when their purchasing power is the same in each of the two countries. 3.     Which of these are Formal Institutions and Informal Institutions Ans: a.     Laws- b.    Ethics- c.     Culture- d.    Regulations- e.     Norms- f.     Rules- 4.     Name two countries under Theocratic Laws Ans: Vatican City 5.     Name at least two of the three kinds of economies Ans: An economy is a system whereby goods are produced and exchanged. Without a viable economy, a state will collapse. There are three maintypes of economies: free market, command, and mixed. 6.     Name two characteristics each of Low Context and High Context cultures Ans: High Context Cultures 1. Space is communal; people......

Words: 698 - Pages: 3

Differences in Communication Between Genders

...Differences in Communication Between Genders Roscoe Purdue University Abstract The differences in correspondence styles among men and women have been a subject of interest for research for quite a while. These differences may provoke miscommunication, battle, and even frustration between couples. This study looks at the communication styles among men and women, more especially between married couples. It questions how the different genders express their thoughts and feelings that may lead to conflicts. The study will be driven utilizing an in-depth analysis of what causes miscommunication that leads to conflicts. Qualitative research is the method that will be used to gain an in-depth look at why the genders have some of their communication problems. The goal is to increase the amount of awareness regarding communication styles and how it relates better marital communication to aid in the prevention of miscommunication and the decrease a lot of conflicts because of it. Today, divorce has become a very common part of life, and it is likely that ineffective communication plays a crucial role in the failure of many marriages. Communication may lead to the success of a marriage or to its detriment, depending on its level of effectiveness. This effectiveness of communication is likely connected to the overall satisfaction of married couples and is worthy to be studied in order to increase marital satisfaction. Learning more about the differences in communication styles...

Words: 2731 - Pages: 11

What Is the Difference Between Living and Existing?

...this world. How do we define it? Maybe for someone it will be quite easy because it can be find through the way you live and your lifestyle… The first question for me is what is living? For my opinion living is doing things your way. Doing reckless things, things you've always wanted to do. Fulfilling every dream you have and helping others to fulfill theirs. And living is also about waking up everyday knowing that your live has purpose and meaning because you make it so. Living is manifesting dreams into reality, actualizing your full potential. That's living. Follow by what is existing? Existing is simply being on earth. Not doing anything of any significance, just breathing. Like you waking up everyday only because your metabolic processes need you to eat or drink something to keep going. Existing is going through the motions, letting life happen to you instead of making things happen. I think the biggest distinction between living and existing comes from how much control you have over life decisions. Where do you see control coming from? In general, someone who exists feels as if everything is outside of their control while someone living knows they determine the path their life takes. Emotions have a big role to play in this. Someone who exists lets emotions such as fear and anger dictate what they can and can’t do. Someone who is living understands those emotions, controls them and doesn’t let them interfere with their decisions. People who simply exist......

Words: 422 - Pages: 2

Ikenai Candy Love | Ver Embrujadas (1998) | Who Are You - School 2015