Why Did Lord Liverpool's Government Folllow Reactionary Pollicies in the Years 1815-1820

In: Historical Events

Submitted By MaximPR
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Explain why Lord Liverpool’s government followed reactionary policies in the years 1815-20
Firstly, Lord Liverpool’s government followed reactionary policies between 1815 and 1820 because of a growing fear of revolution. The government feared revolution because they did not want Britain to face revolutions similar to those in France. Many of the events between 1815 and 1820 were seen by the government as the start of a revolution, indeed the Radical threat grew during the Napoleonic Wars and the French Revolution inspired people. The government construed events such as St Peter’s Fields to be the start of national uprisings, this is why the government had to respond harshly and break up the meeting, to stop what they thought to be a revolution from occurring. To us in the present, these policies look as if they were only making matters worse, by responding too harshly, indeed there were riots after Peterloo that confirm this. However, the government of the day and the authorities were paranoid that the working classes were going to try and overthrow them, this is one of the reasons they followed reactionary policies in these years.
Secondly, Lord Liverpool’s government followed reactionary policies because of economic depression caused by the end of the war. There was economic depression because 400,000 soldiers returned home and there was a fall in demand for war goods such as timber and iron. The government was dominated by the land owners and the farmers in 1815 and this is why policies such as the Corn Laws were introduced, to protect the interests of those in government and those who returned MPs to Westminster. This is why there were protests such as Luddism, because the government comprised of the landed gentry and the farmers implemented policies which would ultimately benefit them. The industrial revolution had been going on since around 1750 and was in…...

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