Why Did the Us Become Increasingly Involved in South East Asia in the 1950s?

In: Historical Events

Submitted By jessiebowers
Words 914
Pages 4
During the 1950s America became more and more drawn in to the conflict in Vietnam. Eisenhower was immediately put under pressure not to lose Vietnam to communism in the same way that Truman was perceived to have lost China before him - the American fear of a communist conspiracy was a major factor in the country’s continual support for the containment of it in Asia, regardless of the costs. Other factors that lead to an increase in American involvement in South East Asia included their support of the French in Indo-China until 1954, their response to the Geneva Accords 1954 and the formation of SEATO also in 1954. Arguably the most important reason for the US becoming increasingly involved in South-East Asia during the ‘50s was the perceived threat that communism posed. There was a widespread fear in America that there was a global threat of communism, which would destroy capitalist American values, being orchestrated from Moscow. This fear was worsened by the 12 year long conflict in Malaya between Britain and communist forces which started in 1948. This anti-communist sentiment was collated into the “Domino Theory” which suggested if one nation fell to communism, others would follow – Vice President Nixon visited Vietnam in 1953 and announced in a national TV broadcast upon his return that “If Indo-China goes under communist domination the whole of South East Asia will be threatened”, thus confirming the public’s fears and compelling greater US involvement in South East Asia in order to prevent this from happening.

Another crucial reason for the increasing US involvement in South East Asia was their response to the Geneva Accords in July 1954 and their consequential support of Diem. The US did not sign the accords and were suspicious that the elections to be carried out in 1956 would result in Ho Chi Minh, the communist leader of North Vietnam, gaining…...

Similar Documents

Disaster Management in South-East Asia

...Perspectives Disaster Management in South-east Asia Udai Bhanu Singh * According to the International Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences: South-east Asia is the epicentre of frequent disasters of varying intensity. The damage to life and property caused by these disasters is comparable to that caused by war. Disasters disrupt the national economy and social development. Besides, the world has shrunk and news about the hardship suffered by the people is rapidly disseminated. As such, the management of disasters has become a key concern of governments confronted with an increasingly aware civil society and a shorter reaction time. Often when disaster strikes, it impacts more than one country and sometimes the region as a whole. The intensity and the frequency of such disasters have prompted the ASEAN to evolve its own response mechanism. However, often the scale of the disaster is so huge that only an international response can meet the challenge. In such cases, the international community, acting through the United Nations and its various agencies and other inter-governmental and non-governmental bodies, has provided succour. Although disasters can be natural, technological and conflictrelated, this paper addresses only natural disasters in the region. A natural hazard is an extreme natural phenomenon that threatens human lives, activities or property, or the environment of life. Natural disasters are the destructive consequences of extreme natural hazards, and......

Words: 5418 - Pages: 22

Why Did Harold Godwinson Become King in 1066?

...long term and short term factors. Despite Harold not being blood related to his predecessor Edward, Godwin was Edwards's brother in law. Edwards marriage to Harold's sister, Edith, in around 1045 was most likely a political marriage. Edward may have seen the marriage to be necessary to maintain Godwin's support as he was the most powerful of the English earls and also because of his Danish links (Godwin's wife was kinship of Sweyn of Denmark), Another long term reason Harold became king in 1066 is due to the fact Harold was a member of the most wealthiest, powerful and richest family in England- The Godwinson family. Godwin's sons, Swein and Harold had been given earldoms in Herefordshire and East Anglia, Godwin's nephew (Sweyn of Denmark's brother), Beorn, also became earl in the East Midlands. Eventually, the Godwin family subordinately controlled Southern England???? The power and influence of the Godwinsons was evident in 1046 when Godwin's eldest son, Sweyn, abducted the abbess of Leominster: Eadgifu and later killed his own cousin, Beorn. Edward pardoned him for both sins, the power and influence of the Godwin family but also the weakness of Edwards's authority. . Harold's status and reputation continued to increase after his victory in Wales against Gruffudd ap llywelyn of Wales in 1063. Harold later married his widow, Ealdgyth- sister of Earls Morcar and Leofric. The fact Harold married the sister of two powerful earls perhaps suggests that Harold had the......

Words: 595 - Pages: 3

Why Does Japan Become Involved in World War Two?

...Why does Japan become involved in World War Two? Japan’s involvement in World War II was not focused on the conflict in Europe; rather it was focused on its own expansion into surrounding countries and the consequences that arose from this. More specifically Japan entering World War II was caused due to Japan’s attempt to conquer China and its continued march on East and South-east Asian territory. Japan’s expansion and entering World War II is closely linked due to key reasons including: Japan’s need for resources/land, imperialism/expansionism and military control. Japans need for natural resources in early war years is one of the driving factors in why they became involved in World War Two. Japan is a highly populated island country with little to no resources and also with a rapidly increasing population. This made Japan very trade reliant with other countries mainly consisting of the United States for oil and raw metals. The constant reliance of importation of raw materials to maintain its economy worried Japan. When the depression hit in the late 1920’s “more than forty countries raised tariffs on Japanese goods”. Since Japan was so reliant on trade they were forced to act in the form of securing natural resources for themselves. This meant the expansion into China. In 1931 Japan invaded Manchuria. Japan believed Manchuria offered many natural resources and it boasted nearly 200,000 square kilometres for her growing population. The Mukden Incident was the excuse......

Words: 962 - Pages: 4

Conflict in South East Asia

...Within cooperation, there will always be conflicts and vice versa. In this essay, I will be looking at how conflict plays a more significant role and more is impactful in South East Asia (SEA) compared to cooperation. Conflict is a state of disharmony between two or more parties of ideas or interests. In the context of this essay, conflict occurs when there is a disagreement such as different views, clashes of interest and different views on ideology between the countries. While there is an inevitable fact that cooperation exists within SEA, the impacts that conflicts leave on the history of the region is far more significant than those of cooperation. In the next few paragraphs, I will be going in depth into how conflict has left a deeper indentation on the history as well as more current affairs of SEA. Some countries have conflicts with other in their history, before they learn from their mistakes and work together to reach the level of agreement they have now, such as Indonesia and Malaysia. One major conflict between them is the Konfrontasi, where Indonesia had carried out attacks on Malaysia and there was high tension between these two countries. In December 1962, a revolt had broken out in Brunei to oppose Brunei from joining the Federation, and instead proposed a separate union of Brunei, Sarawak and Sabah (Borneo territories). This revolt had fitted Sukarno’s (former Indonesia’s president) beliefs that independence should only be gained through revolutionary......

Words: 1655 - Pages: 7

Why Did the Us Become Militarily Involved in Korea?

...Why did the US become militarily involved in Korea? In June 1950, 90,000 soldiers from the communist Korean People’s Army crossed the 38th Parallel into South Korea. The most important reason for a military response from the US was the document NSC 68, which stated that they must meet communism wherever it arises. Due to this document, it was the US assumption that the invasion on South Korea was not a Civil War due to the events in Korea, and the permanent divide in 1948. However, there was also US domestic policies, and Truman’s fear of being accused of being ‘soft on communism,’ as well as the US based organisation, the UN, which was a new institution, which Truman had to support. Furthermore, containment in Europe and Asia and the threat to the balance of power in these continents prompted US retaliation, as did the threat to Japan and the US defence perimeter. NSC 68 highlights the importance of the defeat of Communism due to the threat of the ‘destruction of civilisation itself,’ and that the ‘peace of the free world’ is in peril. Due to the US assumptions that communism is evil, which is demonstrated in countries such as Czechoslovakia, where political parties and freedom of speech were banned, Hungary, where political opposition meant imprisonment, and Bulgaria, when any opposition was executed, Truman understood the importance of this document. It recommended rearmament and increase of defence, as well as ‘keeping the US public fully informed and cognizant......

Words: 1727 - Pages: 7

Why Trotsky Did Not Become Soviet Leader 1924

...Trotsky was born Jewish, he believed he would be persecuted as Jews traditionally were in Russia. This lead to him not pushing himself far enough and not working enough to become Soviet leader. He felt he should be more in the background due to his, despite the fact that many Bolsheviks were Jewish themselves, such as Grigori Zinoviev and Lev Kamenev. He was also late to converter to Bolshevism, so many fellow Bolsheviks thought he wasn't that committed and distrusted him. Many old Bolsheviks considered Trotsky to be too much of an intellectual for their liking and was seen as arrogant, unpredictable, indecisive and inconsistent. During the Civil war it was a great victory for Trotsky as he lead the Red Army and won the war however he also fell out with Stalin. Therefore Stalin objected to Trotsky's employment of ex-tsarists officers and he disobeyed his orders. This made Stalin able to control Trotsky and get an advantage on his to become Soviet leader. Also he made no attempt to build a base of support within the party which was a big mistake when the party were fighting after Lenin’s death and it made it very difficult for Trotsky when confronting the Party Congress which was was filled with Stalin’s supporters. Another reason was that other Bolsheviks feared Trotsky, as he has links in the Red Army and may use them to form a military. They also feared him because he was foreseen as a dictator and was worried that he wanted a revolution thought the world and......

Words: 709 - Pages: 3

The Rise of South East Asia and the Effect of China

...------------------------------------------------- THE CHANGING BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT - LB5228 ASSIGNMENT TASK 2 KARTHIK NAMANI 12806313 KARTHIK NAMANI 12806313 An essay On: The rise of South East Asia and the effect of China Submitted to: Professor Chris Leggett An essay On: The rise of South East Asia and the effect of China Submitted to: Professor Chris Leggett The rise of South-east Asia and the effect of China Contents I, Introduction II, Body 1. Literature review: 2. South-east Asia Economic potentials 3. South-east Asia recent Economic performance 4. The likelihood to become significant players in the global economy Prospects and assessments 5. Implication on global economic III, Conclusion I, Introduction Asia is the most dynamic region in the world economy at present. The development of Asia is twice the rate when compared to the other regions. The policy orientation, which stresses free movement of capital, goods and services across the national boundaries are the reasons for the growth which is possible now. The economic efficiency and transfer of technology which foster shifts in productions and comparative advantages are the results of the enhancement. (Chong) Because of the Global Financial Crisis, Southeast Asia has been the Gold rush modern- day as international companies clamor to get a piece of the action. As the major part of the young population of 600million and the increasing middle class people are the...

Words: 3177 - Pages: 13

Why Did the Usa Get Involved in Asia in 1950?

...Why did the USA get involved in Asia in 1950? (30) After the end of the Second World War, the two war time allies the USA and Soviet Union became involved in a war of ideologies, the cold war. The US saw communism as a threat to democracy and capitalism. Therefore the US set out a new foreign policy, the policy of containment, in the Truman doctrine. There were however other reasons for the USA’s involvement such as their military confidence, UN agreement, domestic pressure which called for Truman to be more tough on communism and their economic interest in Japan which led to the US government’s decision to intervene in the Korean War. One of the main reasons for the US’s involvement was due to the ‘Policy of Containment’. The aim was for the USA to work with its allies to contain the spread of communism in eastern Europe and Asia using political, economic and if necessary military pressure to prevent the spread of the every growing ideology of communism. The US’s main worry was the communism would spread as most of the eastern European countries were devastated by the war were weak and communism could easily spread through these weakened countries such as Hungary. Europe was divided by ‘an Iron curtain’, the west with capitalism views, and the east with growing communism views. Furthermore, China had fallen to Communism under Mao, which may have been a huge wake up call for President Truman. In addition, Mao had signed the treaty of friendship with Stalin; therefore the......

Words: 896 - Pages: 4

Ms Agfahi, Born and Raised in Usa, Orignially from South East Asia.

...Data Ferriss, Timothy. The 4-hour workweek: escape 9–5, live anywhere, and join the new rich / Timothy Ferriss—Expanded and updated ed. Includes index. 1. Quality of work life. 2. Part-time self-employment. 3. Self-realization. 4. Self-actualization (Psychology). 5. Quality of life. I. Title. II. Title: Four-hour workweek. hd6955.f435 2009 650.1— dc22 2009021010 isbn 978-0-307-46535-1 Printed in the United States of America design by barbara sturman 2 4 6 8 10 9 7 5 3 1 First Revised Edition www.CrownPublishing.com Ferr_9780307465351_4p_01_r2.j.qxp 9/2/09 2:37 PM Page viii qCO N T E N T S Preface to the Expanded and Updated Edition xi First and Foremost FAQ—Doubters Read This 3 My Story and Why You Need This Book 5 Chronology of a Pathology 12 Step I: D is for Definition 1 Cautions and Comparisons: How to Burn $1,000,000 a Night 19 2 Rules That Change the Rules: Everything Popular Is Wrong 28 3 Dodging Bullets: Fear-Setting and Escaping Paralysis 38 4 System Reset: Being Unreasonable and Unambiguous 48 Step II: E is for Elimination 5 The End of Time Management: Illusions and Italians 67 6 The Low-Information Diet: Cultivating Selective Ignorance 86 7 Interrupting Interruption and the Art of Refusal 94 Step III: A is for Automation 8 Outsourcing Life: Off-loading the Rest and a Taste of Geoarbitrage 121 9 Income Autopilot I: Finding the Muse 150 10 Income......

Words: 9304 - Pages: 38

What Are the Global ‘North’ and ‘South’ and Why They Are Increasingly Unrelated to Geographical Locations?

...What are the global ‘North’ and ‘South’ and why they are increasingly unrelated to geographical locations? Like many other concepts within the social sciences, globalisation is a highly debated and controversial issue with a diversity of opinions ranging across a broad spectrum. At one end of the spectrum, there are those who view globalisation as the source of many of the major social problems currently affecting developing countries. At the other, are those who view it as a process that will dissolve boundaries between nations and promote global unification. Similarly, definitions of the terms ‘Global North’ and ‘Global South’ are just as varied with the term ‘globalisation’ also carrying many different and often contrasting meanings. According to Modelski, Devezas and Thompson (2008, p.13), globalisation is not a new concept but rather, diachronic, or ‘a process in time’. The authors viewed globalisation as a historical process, the understanding of which required tracing it far back into the past (Modelski et al. 2008, p. 13). However, Heywood (2007, p. 143) suggests, that because globalisation refers to such a wide range of things, e.g. policies, strategies, processes or an ideology, it may be concluded ‘slippery and elusive’ understanding of globalisation arises from its involvement in so many different areas of academia and the extensive and continuing discussion therein surrounding its properties. Regardless of different views on the definition and scope of......

Words: 3670 - Pages: 15

Why Was the South Segregated in 1950

...Why was the South segregated in 1950 After the civil war the South introduced laws, which were called Jim Crow laws. These laws forced segregation of the blacks in the South. With the start of segregation of blacks the civil right movement started. The peak of segregation was during 1950s. The South promoted segregation with saying that the segregate but the facilities, which the blacks had to use were equal. This was a big lie. In this essay I try to explain the major reasons why there was segregation in the South during the 1950s. Before the American Civil War the South had a big plantation economy, where they planted rice, sugar, cotton, tabacco and the major plantation economy in the South, sugar. The plantation economy was the biggest economy in the South due to the climate and it was the closest point to Africa from the New World called USA. The short distance to Africa pushed Slavery in the USA. All the owners of the plantation had African slaves who worked for them. This changed after the Civil War when Slavery got abolished and therefore the plantation economy ended. The plantation economy ended because the whites believed that this was only a job for blacks. As I mentioned earlier was the plantation economy the biggest economy in the South but when Slavery ended the South got poor, farming rural area. Moreover the South believed in the supremacy of the white race and they were in fear when slavery ended that this system could get mixed up therefor the......

Words: 763 - Pages: 4

Why Was the Usa Unable to Defeat Communism in South-East Asia in the Years 1965-1973?

...Why was the USA unable to defeat communism in south-east Asia in the years 1965-1973? The question is often raised on what basis was the USA unable to defeat communism in south-east Asia in the years 1965-1973. It is debated upon many reasons as to why this happened. The US may have lacked the will to win this battle, and so their loss was a result of this. More specifically, the US presidents, Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard Nixon have been thought to have been less enthusiastic uninvolved during the cold war. In addition, the US tactics were frowned upon, being said that they were not intelligently layer out, and so they were defeated. Also, the support of two very strong countries, China and USSR, backed north Vietnam a great deal. USA failed to win the hearts and minds of the north Vietnamese, also failing to understand the situation. Diem was an unpopular individual, Ho Chi Minh was a praised and trustworthy character for the Vietnamese. I will examine the factors resulting the loss for the US, and extract the reason behind it. The type of US soldiers sent to Vietnam to fight are a factor for the loss of USA’s loss of the war. A number of the front line troops were conscripts and not professional troops. They were young, usually from lower social groups and frequently from Americas minority groups. These troops were usually trained in conventional warfare whereas the Viet Cog used guerrilla tactics-hitting the enemy and then running away; not wearing a standard......

Words: 974 - Pages: 4

East Asia History

...[Date] [Date] AK [company name] AK [company name] H120 Introduction to the History of East Asia Essay 3 Andy Ricci 622624 Word Count: 2018 H120 Introduction to the History of East Asia Essay 3 Andy Ricci 622624 Word Count: 2018 Why do we sometimes refer to the events of 1868 in Japan as a 'restoration', but to those of the years following 1911 in China as 'revolutions'? Introduction The Meiji Restoration of 1868 in Japan and the Chinese Revolution of 1911 were responsible for producing an enormous amount of upheaval in both countries. Both nations were immersed in social, political and economic backwardness. In this context, both political episodes should be construed as an attempt to reverse decline and set the course for modernization. The main thesis of this essay is based on the notion that whilst there are some similarities between both political events, the main difference resides in the fact that the Meiji Restoration began the centralization of the mechanisms of governance and induced the social and economic modernization of the country. At the same time, the Chinese Revolution of 1911 did not succeed in engendering a sound system of government capable of reversing the country’s decline. The first part of the essay will deal with the main characteristics of the Meiji restoration of 1868. The second section of the essay will outline the main features pertaining to the Chinese Revolution of 1911. The third part of the essay will examine the similarities and......

Words: 2686 - Pages: 11

Why Did the Us Experience an Economic Boom in the 1950s and 60s

...Why did the US experience an economic boom in the 1950s and 1960s? The primary reason the US experienced an economic boom during the 1950s and 1960s was the effect that World War II had on the US economy. During World War II there was very low unemployment as many men were drafted into the military. Women and those remaining men got jobs in factories manufacturing arms for those fighting. Much of the money they earned was saved as there was little to spend it on during the war period. By 1945 $140 billion was held in private savings. These savings were used after the war to boost consumer spending. After the war the US economy grew as there was little damage to mainland USA and thus no money was spent on reconstructing factories, houses and public infrastructure as had to be done across the UK and mainland Europe. Due to the damage caused to Europe there was a large increase in US exports to Europe as European countries were unable to manufacture goods whilst they rebuilt their factories and infrastructure. The Marshall Plan was a programme for European recovery which gave European countries money to their economies. It is widely thought that the US did this partly for their own benefit. They knew that with this money European countries would buy goods from US factories as they needed to rebuild their factories, this would mean that jobs would be created as there was higher demand for goods. Investment in advancing technology would occur and more tax could be collected......

Words: 431 - Pages: 2

Sex Industry in South East Asia

...and pornography amongst others. This industry has now evolved into a global business in the form of sex tourism. This evolution has had significant implications, both socially and economically, in most South East Asian countries over the past three decades. Sex tourism in Eastern Asia started at least as far as pre-Communist China. In 1930s, when Japan invaded China and became the powerful colonist, many women from countries, like Thailand, China, Philippines and even Japan, were forced to become comfort women to serve the soldiers’ sexual needs. The sex industry started to thrive in Thailand since the Vietnam War. In the1950s, when the United States (US) was waging a war against the communists in Vietnam, prostitution in Southeast Asia took off. The number of prostitutes in Thailand increased from 20,000 in 1957 to 400,000 in 1964, after the US established its bases in this country. In 1967, after the Thai government had signed a treaty with the US military, Thailand became the “rest and recreation” place providing this service to the US soldiers during the Vietnam War. As a result, prostitution developed into a largescale business in South East Asia. Today, in most Asian countries, prostitution is illegal, with exceptions such as Singapore and Japan. In September 2004, South Korea passed the Special Sex Trade Law, banning the buying and selling of sex. The objective of this paper is to provide a brief insight into what led to the emergence of this industry, as well as to......

Words: 6515 - Pages: 27

Os Jovens Titãs em Ação! Nos Cinemas 720p | 1... | Die Zwei (3) | Exercise