Women in Psychology - Mary Ainsworth

In: Philosophy and Psychology

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Women in Psychology - Mary Ainsworth
University of Phoenix
History and Systems of Psychology
Nicole Parkinson
April 08, 2012

Women in Psychology - Mary Ainsworth The contributions of many of psychology's most eminent female thinkers have long been ignored, but that is starting to change as more history texts begin to recognize women such as Karen Horney, Mary Ainsworth, Leta Hollingworth and Christine Ladd-Franklin in their pages (Cherry, n.d.). This paper will discuss Mary Ainsworth and her background, theoretical perspective, and contributions to the field of psychology.
Mary Dinsmore Salter Ainsworth was born in Glendale, Ohio, in 1913, the oldest of three daughters of Charles and Mary Salter ("Ainsworth, Mary D. Salter", 2005). Ainsworth reportedly demonstrated an aptitude for academics early on in life, even learning to read at the young age of three. Mary’s parents placed significant importance on education. Her mother and father were both graduates of Dickinson College in Pennsylvania. Ainsworth recollects frequent visits to the library and the elevated scholastic expectations established for her and her sisters by their parents. Ainsworth obtained her A.A., B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. in psychology with honors all at the University of Toronto by 1939.
Theoretical Perspective In the 1960s, Ainsworth formulated a method, called A Strange Situation, to monitor attachment relationships between a caregiver and child. In this method of the strange situation the child is monitored playing while caregivers and strangers arrive and depart from the room. This method fluctuate levels of stressfulness on the child while responses are monitored. Ainsworth had determined three main categories of infant attachment: secure, insecure-avoidant, and insecure-resistant ("Ainsworth, Mary D. Salter", 2005).

Contributions Ainsworth died…...

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